Malmö is the capital and most populous city in Skåne County, and the third largest city in Sweden. It constitutes the transnational Øresund Region, the most densely populated area in Scandinavia. Malmö is classified as a global city, placed in the gamma- category by the GaWC, ranked 5th in Scandinavia by the Global Cities Index in 2012. It is ranked the fourth-most inventive city in the world based on the number of patent applications per 10,000 residents and the 7th-most bicycle friendly city in the world, according to the Copenhagenize Index in 2013.
Malmö has signed the Covenant of Mayors in 2008 and submitted the SEAP in 2009. The city has ambitious targets to reduce GHG emissions and fossil fuels. By 2020 the GHG emissions shall be reduced by 40 % compared to 1990, citywide and energy consumption in the city administration shall be covered 100% by renewable energy sources. By 2030 then all energy consumption in Malmö shall be covered by renewable energy sources. Malmö also signs up to support the UN SDG’s.
The main strategic documents addressing local energy policies are the Energy Strategy, the Environment Programme, the Traffic Environment Programme and the Environmental Building Programme. The City of Malmö Masterplan and the Municipal Guidelines for Densification have also indirect effects on the level of CO2 emissions. The Masterplan, for example, recommends a dense city development to reduce transportation or facilitating access to local services. Also recommendations on the energy infrastructure are made to improve the system of energy distribution.
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