Transportation systems have a significant impact on the environment. They account for between 20% and 25% of world energy consumption and carbon dioxide emissions. Greenhouse gas emissions from transportation are increasing at a faster rate than any other energy using sector. Road transport is also a major contributor to local air pollution and smog.
Over the past two decades, China has experienced high growth numbers in motor vehicles, a trend that is set to continue. Such a rapid increase in the vehicle/population is putting high pressure over Chinese municipalities.
Sustainable transport systems make a positive contribution to the environmental, social and economic sustainability of any Municipality.
After weeks of sheltering in place, many of us will emerge from our homes to be together but at a distance, with some of us being called back to work and to school. After months of “commuting” via video conference, shopping online and even visiting family and friends via the internet, this means we are going to start moving again, and for most Canadians that means we are going to start driving again.
When the pandemic hit, Canadians were spending over 200 hours per year in their cars, driving a total of more than 300 billion kilometres a year – 2,000 times the distance from the earth to the sun. The cost of owning and maintaining private automobiles comprises a larger share of household spending than food, clothing or any other household expense except shelter, even without including the share of taxes that goes to building and maintaining the transportation infrastructure. Yet cars are parked 95% of the time and are increasingly slowed down by traffic congestion during the 5% of the time they are actually being used.
While the European Commission is committed to the Green Deal and making it a core of the pandemic economic recovery, the EU's rescue plan and updated long-term budget will be key to tackling the current and future climate challenges.
Polluting industries, such as the transport sector, are pushing for unconditional state aid while postponing climate policy action due to financial losses and reduced sales due to the coronavirus outbreak. However, environmental activists stress that the Covid-19 crisis could actually help support the transformation of the EU's transport system, making it more resilient, sustainable and flexible.
Currently the transport sector accounts for 30 percent of greenhouse gas emissions plus playing a major part in air pollution. Ahead of the new 'sustainable and smart mobility strategy', which is expected for the third quarter of 2020, the European Transport Workers' Federation (ETF) are calling on the upcoming German presidency to boost railways and public transport.
Aviation has been one of the sectors worst hit by the fallout from the COVID-19 pandemic. With revenues expected to drop by 44 percent this year, many airlines will go bankrupt without government aid, airline trade body the International Air Transport Association (IATA) has warned.
Across the world, the industry is now asking for huge sums of government money to help it get through. IATA says $200 billion is needed globally. Many consider bailouts of some kind are essential to support those working in the airline industry and avoid throwing them into economic insecurity. But some, frustrated that the aviation industry has delayed serious climate action for decades, have argued that any government aid should include obligations for airlines to clean up their act post-crisis.
A global road transport body said on Tuesday it expects the sector to suffer losses of at least 800 billion euros ($880 billion) over the next year due to falling global trade amid the coronavirus pandemic.
Freight movements by road are already down about 30-40%, said Umberto de Pretto, Secretary General of the International Road Transport Union (IRU), and have been exacerbated by what he called “nonsensical” border restrictions. Coach tourism has been decimated, he said.
“Looking just at the road transport sector globally, we believe this could have an impact of, and this is a very conservative figure, of 800 billion euros,” de Pretto told journalists in a virtual briefing from Geneva.
As part of a region-wide effort to align with the Paris Agreement objectives, generate growth, create jobs and ensure a just transition, local and national transportation departments and private operators are investing in and now delivering clean public buses.
As well as reducing greenhouse gas emissions, these efforts aims to improve quality of life for commuters as electric buses are significantly quieter, more comfortable, and will reduce deadly air pollution which afflicts urban areas.
In capital cities like Bogotá, Lima, and Santiago, there are very high concentrations of PM 2.5; tiny suspended particles which can cause premature death, respiratory diseases, and cancer. Electric buses on the other hand release zero tail-pipe emissions.
The EU Taxonomy provides the clearest picture yet for companies and investors of an economy that can fulfil Europe’s 2030 and 2050 climate goals. It will help to grow low carbon sectors and decarbonise high emissions ones.
Transitioning to a climate-neutral economy by 2050 requires clear tools and guidance, reflecting scientific evidence and market experience, to give confidence to companies and investors to act.
The TEG report provides updated sustainability criteria for 70 economic activities—including changes resulting from an open call for feedback in the summer of 2019.
Economic activities such as electricity generation, urban transport, crop-agriculture and cement-manufacturing, if they meet the Taxonomy criteria, can be called “environmentally sustainable” in financial products.
The Commission has proposed today to make 2021 the European Year of Rail, to support the delivery of its European Green Deal objectives in the transport field. A series of events, campaigns and initiatives in 2021 will promote rail as a sustainable, innovative and safe mode of transport. It will highlight its benefits for people, the economy and the climate and focus on the remaining challenges to create a true Single European Rail Area without borders.
Commissioner for Transport Adina Vălean, announcing today’s proposal, said: “There’s no doubt that railway transport means huge benefits in most areas: sustainability, safety, even speed, once it’s organised and engineered according to 21st century principles. But there’s also something more profound about railways: they connect the EU together not only in physical terms. Setting up a coherent and functional network across all Europe is an exercise in political cohesion. The European Year of Rail is not a random event. It comes at an appropriate time, when the EU needs this kind of collective undertaking.”
Hydrogen could have a significant impact on the transportation sector, even though sales of fuel-cell cars have been minuscule to date.
More than 9 million hydrogen fuel-cell passenger vehicles could be built to support aggressive targets in markets such as California, China, Japan and South Korea, according to a new market report published by Wood Mackenzie.
In the short term, however, hydrogen is more likely to be used for heavier vehicles such as buses and heavy-duty trucks, said report author Ben Gallagher, a subject-matter expert in carbon and emerging technology for Wood Mackenzie's Energy Transition Practice.
As it stands, hydrogen fuel cells have barely registered an impact on the global automotive market. WoodMac estimates there were around 17,000 hydrogen fuel-cell vehicles on the road worldwide at the end of last year, nearly half of them in the U.S.
The European Commission unveiled Wednesday its legislative proposal to enshrine in law a goal to reduce the EU's greenhouse gas emissions to net zero by 2050 -- seen as a major shake-up of Europe's economy by mid-century.
The law seeks to transform the European economy to become low carbon by 2050, upending years of fossil fuel dependency and ushering in growth in cleaner energy, industry, transport, agriculture and buildings.
Net zero emissions means reducing greenhouse gases to the greatest extent possible and offsetting any remaining emissions through carbon sinks such as forests and other land-use changes.
William Todts, executive director at T&E, said: "Climate neutrality means the transport sector finally needs to begin its journey to a zero emissions future. For cars and trucks, we will need a rapid shift to electric vehicles, powered by renewable electricity."
The EU has been trying since the first Renewable Energy Directive in 2009 to come up with a solution for decarbonising the transport sector while the new Green Deal is expected to revisit some pieces of legislation, including transport, which represents almost a quarter of Europe’s greenhouse gas emissions and is the main cause of air pollution in cities.
According to a European Commission staff working document accompanying the European Strategy for Low-Emission Mobility, “oil products would still represent 86-87% of the EU transport sector needs [by 2030] – compared to 94% today – despite the significant reductions achieved in absolute levels”.
A better picture though is expected by 2050, when oil products should represent about 49-51%, but the uptake of alternative fuels and energy carriers takes time, in particular, due to the gradual replacement of vehicle fleets.
EC-Link Project has its focus in sustaining the development of sustainable urbanization and the dialogue among European and Chinese municipalities. It aims to assist Chinese and European cities in implementing energy and resource-efficient measures by sharing European cities’ experiences in sustainable urbanisation.
In order to support such dialogue, and to provide a better understanding of the sustainable urbanization sector, EC-Link has been working for years compiling a set of publications “EC-Link Knowledge Center” meant to be seen as a platform of experience for easy accessible exchange between Chinese and European cities on low carbon/eco city development issues.
EC-Link project is mostly focusing its attention towards 7 main sectors: compact urban development, green buildings, green transport, water management, solid waste management, green energy and municipal finance.
For each of above sectors, EC-Link has drafted a set of “Position Papers”; each Paper offering an overall outlook on the specific area, proving a testing ground for innovations in specific low-carbon policies and technologies’ application.
Together with the Position Papers, EC-link Project has developed a set of “Guidelines”; the objectives of this Eco-City Implementation Guideline are to provide guidance, and to ensure compliance. The documents are meant for all Chinese and European cities which are supporting eco-cities programme. Besides guidance, the document will help to ensure compliance of cities with the normative part proposed under this guideline.
All EC-Link Publications can easily downloaded at the following links:
- http://www.eclink.org/eclink/en/sectors/about (for English)
- http://www.eclink.org/eclink/zh/sectors/about (for Chinese)
China’s electric vehicle industry is entering a new phase of accelerating development, President Xi Jinping wrote in a congratulatory message to participants of a new energy vehicle conference in early July. In 2018, China sold almost as many electric vehicles as the rest of the world combined. At the same event, the chairman of Chinese electric vehicle giant BYD upped the ante, challenging China to electrify all passenger vehicles by 2030. New energy vehicle sales are booming, but they still only amounted to 2.5% of car sales in China in 2018. Could all sales feasibly be electric within the next decade? A recent report from the Innovation Centre for Energy and Transportation (iCET) made the first public proposal of a timeline for the phaseout of petrol and diesel vehicles across China. According to the Beijing-based thinktank, 2030 is premature, but an entire phaseout could be possible by 2040. However, the report also highlights significant uncertainties ahead, including whether consumer appetite for electric vehicles will wane when government subsidies are cut.
The Dutch government has launched an initiative to invest approximately of $275 million (€250 million) to improve and modernize its short-sea shipping sector. In a statement, the Ministry of Economic Affairs and Climate said the investment will be made from the Nesec Shipping Debt Fund (NSDF) and will be specifically targeted at cutting emissions. It says that many shipowners are “struggling with outdated ships, which do not always meet the latest emission requirements”. Short-sea shipping is the transport of cargo across relatively short distances. Roughly 40% of all freight moved in Europe is classed as short sea shipping. The NSDF is a joint initiative between the state bodies, including the Dutch Water Board, the province of Groningen, and private institutional investors, such as the NN Investment Partners and Waterland Investment Services.
Adina Vălean, European Commissioner for Transport believes that mobility must be made sustainable, which is key for meeting the European Commission’s commitment to making the economy carbon-neutral by 2050. Transport also ensures the freedom of movement when it comes to people and goods and contributes to cohesion throughout the continent. Ursula von der Leyen, President of the European Commission wrote a letter to Commissioner Vălean and underlined there that the transport sector will make a vital contributions when it comes to “harnessing the potential of the twin climate and digital transitions” and stresses that Europe must reduce emissions further and faster to become the first climate-neutral continent in the world.
The Emissions Trading Scheme (ETS) is not a good instrument to cut road transport emissions because it will raise petrol prices and fuel popular discontent, as seen in the past with the ‘Gilets Jaunes’ protests, writes William Todts. Road emissions are best addressed with standards, he argues. Late last year, Ursula Von der Leyen announced a sweeping plan to green Europe’s economy. The plan includes measures to restore nature, protect biodiversity, reduce air pollution and make Europe climate neutral by 2050. We welcomed the green deal but warned that Von der Leyen’s plan to extend the bloc’s emissions trading system, known as ETS, to road transport is a distraction at best.
Climate change crusaders are quick to lionize someone like Tesla’s Elon Musk and to demonize Big Oil executives. The reality, though, is that even “green” transport risks becoming a villain. Sustainability seems hardest for the firms that generate energy or extract the necessary commodities since moving away from oil and gas and into renewable sources requires turning their entire business models upside down. But the past five years suggest that businesses that move people and goods may actually have as difficult a road ahead. During this period it has been the only sector in which greenhouse-gas emissions have consistently risen both in the U.S. and in the European Union. By contrast, energy producers have finally started to get cleaner by switching from coal to gas and investing in renewable sources.
Experts from both sea and inland ports over the last year, have been assessing the European railway legislation from a port perspective. This has resulted in a position paper adopted by the European Sea Ports Organisation (ESPO) and the European Federation of Inland Ports (EFIP).
The joint position paper “Ports in the European Rail System” comes to five main conclusions:
The implementation of the current EU legislative rail framework should recognise that port authorities manage a complex web of transport, logistics, industry, energy, blue growth and community interests and rail management is generally not their core task. Moreover, the set-up of rail systems in European ports varies considerably in terms of infrastructure development and management, rail operation, charging systems and contractual relations between the port authority and rail operators or undertakings, which makes a one-size-fits-all approach unfit.
Liquid and gaseous power-to-X (PtX) products, also known as e-fuels or powerfuels, are critical ingredients of the energy transition. They will be needed wherever the direct electrification of the energy system reaches its limits – above all in aviation and in a range of industrial applications, be it as process heat or feedstock, and for long-term storage.
Sustainable PtX products have one common denominator: hydrogen produced from renewable electricity through water electrolysis.
Even though low electricity prices are decisive for competitive electrolysis, conventional wisdom holds that the technical equipment for electrolysis – the electrolyser – is also relatively expensive, contributing considerably to the overall cost of renewable hydrogen.
According to the IEA, the lowest capital expenditures (CAPEX) today start at 500 USD/kWe for alkaline electrolysers (see table below). These figures are drawn from diverse sources, including the German NOW GmbH (National Organisation Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Technology), as well as our own publication on the future cost of electricity-based synthetic fuels.
In a bid to combat climate change and under EU regulations, zero-emission vehicles are becoming the norm in Member States; with electric vehicle (EV) sales across Europe expected to triple by 2021. Experts estimate that there will be 140 million EVs on the road globally by 2030, should countries meet the Paris Climate Agreement’s goal at the end of the next decade. This signals the end of the road for combustion engines and the start of a new era where electric vans, trucks and cars are already driving the change for a greener, cleaner transport model.
LDV is proud to be part of that change and is leading the charge when it comes to developing new technologies that can make the switch to zero-emission driving easier for all and, in particular, for business owners and fleet buyers. Manufactured in China by SAIC Maxus, LDV has been focused for many years on fuel innovation and the creation of light commercial electric vans that can support fleet buyers and business owners in relegating congestion charges, road fund licences and carbon emissions to the past.
Increasing concerns about sulphur emissions and water pollution has pushed the shipping industry to pursue a more sustainable method of transporting goods.
As climate change is one of the hottest topics today, businesses are becoming more conscious about their carbon footprint. The transport required for global trade is a specific concern.
A study published in Business Reporter points out that 90% of the world’s trade in goods is transported by ships. This means the shipping industry is responsible for around 14 per cent of the world’s sulphur emissions.
“The shipping industry is a lifeline of global trade,” says Hans Middelthon, Managing Director of Saudi Aramco Energy Ventures (SAEV) Europe Ltd, in the article. “However, shipping is a major pollutant contributing to climate change.” So what can be done to make a positive difference?
In the capital city of Finland, the Helsinki Regional Transport Authority (HSL) plans to introduce new electric buses to its fleet in autumn 2019, announced Helsinki Municipality. The plan is to make one out of every three buses serving the metropolitan area to be electric by 2025. HSL has already rented several buses for test use.
The plan means a big investment as well, because the transport network has a total of over 1,500 vehicles in operation. In fact, the electric buses are even more expensive than their biogas alternatives, costing 400,000 euros each on average, or the cost of two diesel-run equivalent buses.
The Danish government proposal suggests that polluting trucks, buses and vans will be banned from several big cities in Denmark starting the summer of 2020, as so-called environmental zones become more stringent. This means that older versions of the vehicles will not have access to the zones in Copenhagen, Frederiksberg, Aarhus, Odense and Aalborg unless they have particle filters mounted. The government estimates that the eco initiative will help reduce total emissions of soot particles generated by traffic by upwards of 25% in the cities.
The tightening of the environmental zones will be gradually implemented. Starting from 1st July 2020, trucks and buses must have been manufactured in 2009 at the earliest, and vans in 2007, if they are to be permitted to drive in the zones without a mounted particle filter.
Carbon dioxide emissions from China’s urban passenger transport sector could peak by as early as 2020.
That’s according to new research from the Beijing Institute of Technology, which suggests this could only happen so soon if the mode share of public transport could be further increased, which it predicts would mean the peak emissions level could be limited to between 171 to 214 million tonnes of carbon dioxide.
It notes a more likely peak for urban passenger transport carbon dioxide emissions is 2030, when the sector would likely hit a maximum of 225 million tonnes of carbon dioxide.
The sector accounted for around a fifth of the total carbon emissions of China’s transport in 2016 and the report notes the carbon dioxide emissions of cars make up more than 60% of it – at less than 40% in most cities across China, use of public transport is much lower than figures elsewhere, such as 58.2% in Greater London, 65% in Hong Kong and 61% in Tokyo.
ATM Milano (the company responsible for public transportation in Milan city) announced its plan to be operating no diesel buses by 2030. The public company has bought 250 electric buses for 192 million euros. The first 40 buses will be delivered in June next year.
The 12-metre electric buses will be equipped with batteries of high energy type with a total capacity of over 240 kWh. The benefits of an electric bus will be the extremely low noise production, reduced vibration and most importantly - no local emissions. All this will increase the travel comfort of the inhabitants of Milan. In addition, the comfortable interior will be fitted with a series of state-of-the-art solutions, as USB ports enabling the recharging of mobile devices, a passenger information system and a video surveillance system. The driver will have screens displaying a view of the doors and the pantograph, and a rear-view reversing camera. The air-conditioned passenger compartment can fit up to 82 people, of whom 26 will be able to sit. The vehicle will be adapted to the needs of persons with disabilities.
Electric scooters are nothing new in Rome, but this summer the sharing system is rapidly increasing in popularity among residents and visitors of the Italian capital. You may notice more and more often the circulation of the new form of urban micro-mobility on city streets. Rental costs to unlock the scooters is 1 euro, followed by a fix per minute rate, with a maximum speed of around 25km per hour.
How do e-scooters work? First of all, you need to download the App, and register your credit card to pay the cost of the rides: 1 euro to unlock the scooter and 15 cents per minute for the ride. The vehicle is designed for short and fast journeys, the so-called last mile.
China is targeting the launch of ‘green’ supersonic passenger jets in 2035 that could halve traditional flight times.
Supersonic aircraft can fly faster than the speed of sound and are usually reserved for research and military purposes.
Only two supersonic planes have been used for passenger flights; the famous Anglo-French Concorde from 1976 to 2003, retired due to rising costs and falling demand, and Russia’s Tupolev Tu-144, which flew 55 flights across one year from 1977-78.
The bike share sector is expected to grow from the current 3-5 vehicles per 1000 residents in major European cities to 10-20 vehicles per 1000 residents in the next five years representing a growth of 20-30 percent per year.
Leading European bike share operators and suppliers – Donkey Republic, Mobike, Moventia, nextbike, PBSC, Ride on, Smoove and Jump by Uber – have joined forces to form an Expert Group under Cycling Industries Europe (CIE). Providing bike share services in more than 300 cities with 63 million rides in 2018 in Europe the Expert Group forms a powerful advocacy for the sector.
Source: Bike-EU - https://www.bike-eu.com/industry-retail-organizations/nieuws/2019/07/european-bike-share-operators-join-cycling-industries-europe-10136115?vakmedianet-approve-cookies=1&_ga=2.147037559.1577340803.1562298159-1302583470.1562298159
During the second Belt and Road Forum for International Cooperation (BRF) last April, China reaffirmed its commitment to build a green Silk Road by advancing green infrastructure construction, green investment and green finance to ensure a sustainable future for all humanity.
Participants at the ongoing Annual Meeting of the New Champions in China's northeast city of Dalian applauded the country's engagement and calls for further capacity building to deliver a greener Belt and Road.
Chinese leaders are signaling their desire to take the initiative to the next level as they will bring some social indicators into Belt and Road development, observes Elizabeth Knup, head of the Ford Foundation's China office.
From the environmental point of view, China has developed a lot of cutting-edge technologies and approaches that could help Belt and Road countries.
Source: China.org.cn - http://www.china.org.cn/business/2019-07/03/content_74949122.htm
As the global energy transition unfolds, conventional power sources that rely on hydrocarbon-based fuels are gradually relinquishing market share to low and zero emission alternatives. These shifts have been most dramatic in the power sector, where cheap wind and solar energy have already started to displace dirty coal.
The transportation sector is no different. Full battery electric vehicles (BEVs) and plug-in hybrid vehicles (PHEV) like the Tesla Model 3, the Chevy Bolt, and the Toyota Prius Prime (respectively) are disrupting in an industry that has been dominated by the internal combustion engine (ICE) for the past 100 years. In fact, the electric vehicle market showed year-over-year growth of 57% in 2018 with over 3 million electric vehicles now on the road. But when it comes to substitutes for petroleum powered engines, electric cars aren’t the only game in town.
China has committed to further research into hydrogen production into its transportation sector, with China Petroleum and Chemical Corp. indicating continued progress in its hydrogen industry plan. Government subsidies have already helped propel China to become an industry leader in renewable energy and electric vehicles.
In a world where 80% of the volume of international trade is carried by ship, China has a far bigger role in “greening” global trade than most people realise. The global shipping sector emits more of these gases each year than all but the top five emitting countries, at almost 1 gigatons of CO2 equivalent. Getting these emissions under control had eluded governments for more than 20 years, after the 1997 Kyoto protocol tasked them with working through the IMO to do so. China’s support was crucial to the adoption of the UN International Maritime Organisation’s (IMO) landmark deal to at least halve the global shipping sector’s greenhouse gas emissions by 2050, signed in April last year by more than 100 IMO member states.
Source: China Dialogue Ocean - https://chinadialogueocean.net/8170-china-uniquely-placed-to-green-shipping/
There is a growing international consensus that clean hydrogen will play a key role in the world’s transition to a sustainable energy future. It is crucial to help reduce carbon emissions from industry and heavy transport, and to provide long-term energy storage at scale.
Hydrogen is a versatile energy carrier that can be produced from a wide range of sources and used in many ways across the entire energy sector. It could become a game-changer in its low-carbon form, but its widespread adoption faces challenges.
The International Energy Agency is preparing a major new study to assess the state of play for hydrogen, its economics and potential. Due to be published in mid-June, the report will be a key contribution to Japan’s 2019 Presidency of the G20.
Source: World Economic Forum - https://www.weforum.org/agenda/2019/05/the-clean-hydrogen-future-has-already-begun/
Electric cars are rapidly moving from the periphery of the automotive sector in the European Union to the mainstream. The sales figures alone across Europe do not necessarily justify such a bold claim, given that within the overall market, fully-electric vehicles (known as BEVs, or battery-electric vehicles) account for around 1.7 per cent of all passenger vehicles sold. But as the EU looks towards a carbon-neutral future based on green energy and zero emissions, BEVs are undoubtedly integral to the debate around Europe’s automotive future.
With various national incentive schemes promoting the acquisition of zero-emissions vehicles, consumers can make informed choices about the economic advantages of going all-electric. However, support from the EU, through an integrated policy framework across transport, the environment, infrastructure and regional policy, will be essential if electric vehicles are to continue their impressive growth in the market.
No other country in the world has more electric vehicles per capita than Norway. It has a simple explanation – political willingness and possibilities! Numerous benefits include less tax and user incentives, and abundant hydropower is important.
With many early adopters, Norway has been a frontrunner, and we see that politicians from many European countries look to Norway to learn and get inspiration for achieving similar results. We are happy to share our experiences and wish to be an attractive partner for the EU in this field.
In Norway we have seen a steady growth in the sale of electric cars. The first financial benefits were introduced already in the early 1990s with the removal of the vehicle purchase tax for all electric cars. In 1996, an additional exempt from annual motor vehicle tax was announced, and from 1997 drivers of electric vehicles did not have to pay on toll roads. Free municipal parking was introduced in 1999. We now see a tendency that electrical solutions also come in other heavier segments, which is very pleasing.
Globally more and more governments are recognising the impact of climate change and are implementing policies to address the issue. While this will play a crucial role in reducing overall carbon dioxide levels, it must be complemented by the development of attractive low carbon alternatives.
The transportation industry is already addressing this and is experiencing a silent adoption of hydrogen powered fuel cells, a technology where hydrogen is used as a fuel with only water and heat as its by-products – a viable option for combating carbon emissions.
For low carbon fuel such as hydrogen to work, improvements and changes to the UK’s infrastructure are necessary and this too is gaining momentum.
Source: Intelligent Transport - https://www.intelligenttransport.com/transport-articles/78130/environmentally-freindly-hydrogen/
China’s economic planning department has recently approved a flurry of new rail projects at a scale that Green New Deal advocates in the United States would envy. A total of 800 billion yuan (US$120 billion) will be poured into rail construction in 2019 as part of a plan to stimulate the domestic economy.
These investments are the latest in a decade-long building spree that has rapidly outfitted China with the world’s most extensive high-speed rail network – larger than all others combined.
Trains are among the most energy-efficient modes of transport, so new lines could be a major asset to China’s decarbonisation. However, studies show that some of China’s high-speed lines have relatively large carbon footprints and are chronically underutilised.
Source: China Dialogue - https://www.chinadialogue.net/article/show/single/en/11174-How-green-is-China-s-high-speed-rail-
Guilin will accelerate the creation of a modern urban public traffic system with the Guilin features of a “Comprehensive Connection, Green Mobility, Smart Travel, and Charming Public Traffic System”, to provide a safer, more convenient and comfortable traffic service for citizens and tourists.
The city will focus on accelerating the construction of an urban public traffic service system that is with the Transit Metropolis as a benchmark. It will speed up the construction of an urban public traffic service model with the characteristics of Green Mobility. And it will accelerate the construction of an urban public traffic service guarantee system with safety and stability as the bottom line. It will accelerate the establishment of urban public traffic management system based on technical means. Such important plan will require the supports of many departments and agencies involved in the urban public transport sector, to enable the people to share the results of transport reform and feel a sense of gain.
More room for pedestrians, cyclists, playing children and green space – which means less room for cars. This is the vision of the College of Mayor and Alderpersons for the future of Amsterdam. Measures have already been taken to achieve it, including increasing parking tariffs and reducing the number of parking spaces.
The EU, under pressure from industry and the International Maritime Organisation (IMO) to harmonise its monitoring, reporting and verification (MRV) system with the IMO’s system, should still require ships registered outside the EU to report their data, the Commission said.
Publishing data on all ships will allow shipping customers to identify the most efficient ships, make fuel savings and thereby reduce CO2 emissions. The transparency of the EU system, unlike the IMO’s data collection system (DCS), will prevent dirty ships to pass them off as efficient. The Commission’s proposal also maintains other key elements of the EU’s MRV, such as reporting data showing ships’ air pollution in ports.
Source: Sea News - https://seanews.co.uk/environment/eu-defends-publishing-ship-emissions-data/
Today (5 February 2019) the government has awarded more than £6 million to support ultra-low emission taxis right across the country, furthering its ambition for a zero emission future.
Announced at the Smart Transport conference by the Future of Mobility Minister, the funding will see almost 300 rapid charge points and 46 fast charge points installed for ultra-low emission taxis in 17 local authorities, including in Greater Manchester, Brighton and Hove, Leicester and the north east.
This announcement marks another milestone in the delivery of the government’s Road to Zero strategy and the Future of Mobility Grand Challenge which aims to usher in cleaner, greener journeys through UK engineering and technological innovation.
The Department of Transport has published its Green Transport Strategy for 2018 – 2050, which lays out plans for new taxes, and changes to existing ones.
The strategy outlines the department’s plans for the road, rail and aviation sectors, with a focus on the country’s international commitments to reduce emissions.
In addition to a number of broader strategies – such as encouraging a push towards renewable energy vehicles – the document outlines some formal regulatory changes which are likely to have a direct impact on South African motorists.
China offered to nearly halve the cost of a $20-billion rail project to save the centerpiece of its infrastructure push in Southeast Asia, two sources said on 31 January 2019, but contradictory remarks by Malaysian ministers leave the outcome uncertain. The conflicting statements made over the past week on the status of the East Coast Railway Link (ECRL) underscore the political and diplomatic challenges facing the government of Prime Minister Mahathir Mohamad in renegotiating the contract.
Through the end of 2018, there were 131,000 kilometers (81,400 miles) of railroad in operation across China, of which more than 29,000 kilometers were high-speed rail (HSR) tracks — the most in the world. The mileage built in China in just over 10 years is more than twice what has been built in the rest of the world in half a century. But the “transport density” — the number of passengers moved per kilometer of railway per year — of the large-scale railway network is too low, indicating significant financial risk, said Professor Zhao Jianfrom Beijing Jiaotong University.
The Port of Rotterdam has made €5 million available via its Climate-Friendly Shipping scheme to fund maritime projects using low- and zero-carbon fuel.
Shipping companies, fuel and engine manufacturers and suppliers and shipping service providers operating out of the Port of Rotterdam will be able to access the funding if their project relies on green fuel options. The scheme, which will run until 2022, will focus on fuel projects which will reduce CO2 emissions by more than 50 per cent, including renewable and low-carbon fuels; though projects based around biofuels will have to show that their fuel is “advanced” and derives from residual or waste flows.
Source: Government Europa - https://www.governmenteuropa.eu/green-fuel-in-rotterdam/92043/
A significant share of palm oil and soybean expansion happens on rainforests, forests, peatland and savannahs (land with high carbon stocks), according to a new study reviewing the latest scientific evidence on deforestation. Based on the most recent available satellite assessments, the report estimates that 31% of palm oil expansion globally takes place on forests (1), while 23% of the expanded production occurred on peatland (some of which overlaps with forest conversion). The study also estimates that at least 7% of global soybean expansion caused direct deforestation in the period 2012 to 2015.
Source: European Interest - https://www.europeaninterest.eu/article/palm-oil-soy-oil-biofuels-linked-high-rates-deforestation-study/
Today EU Member States voted on a Commission proposal to invest almost €800 million in key European energy infrastructure projects with major cross-border benefits. The EU funding comes from the Connecting Europe Facility (CEF), the European support programme for trans-European infrastructure.
Priority is given to projects that increase competitiveness, enhance the EU's security of energy supply through the promotion of safe, secure and efficient network operation, and contribute to sustainable development and environmental protection. Creating a connected, modern energy grid represents a crucial element of the Energy Union, one of the political priorities of the Juncker Commission.
Source: European Commission - http://europa.eu/rapid/press-release_IP-19-561_en.htm
The ocean carrier MSC launches a new technology for long distance shipping of fruit. The first to test the technology is the gold kiwi, sweeter than the green one, and whose demand is growing especially in China.
The gold kiwi shipments are made under cold treatment to keep the fruit fresh and prevent transference of unwanted pests. MSC’s experienced technicians ensure the conditions are correct and that the cold chain is controlled 24/7 until delivery to the customer.
Recently, it is learned from the Work Promotion Teleconference of the Three-year Action Plan for Improving Transportation Infrastructure Capacity in Rural Areas of Liuzhou held by the Liuzhou Municipal People's Government that at present, the expressway projects in Liuzhou City, the second (or third) level highway projects in every village and the road hardening projects in more than 20 natural villages are progressing smoothly. Through the "Three-year Action Plan", the longitudinal and latitudinal lines of the traffic network were made for improving transportation infrastructure in rural areas.
It is reported that from January to October this year, Liuzhou completed a total investment of 2.66 billion yuan in expressway projects, accounting for 84.8% of the annual task. At present, the expressway mileage in Liuzhou is 495 kilometers, and the expressway mileage in Liuzhou will reach 700 kilometers after the completion of the "Three-year Action Plan" project.
Beijing's subsidiary administrative center will strive to build a green transport system, according to a detailed plan released Friday.
Beijing Municipal Commission of Planning and Natural Resources and the district government of Tongzhou on Friday disclosed the Regulatory Planning of Beijing Sub-center for 2016 to 2035, as approved by the Communist Party of China Central Committee and the State Council on Thursday.
Sitting in Tongzhou District in the east of the capital, the sub-center aims to accommodate 1.3 million permanent residents by 2035.
The sub-center plans to build an environmental-friendly transport network, giving priorities to pedestrians, cyclists and commuters using public transport.
It is estimated that more than 80 percent of residents living in the sub-center will opt for green transport by 2035, including walking, bicycles and electric vehicles.
Source: Xinhua - http://www.xinhuanet.com/english/2019-01/04/c_137719688.htm
The bidding for the project of constructing the section of the Xuancheng-Shangcheng Expressway that starts from Hefei to Jinzhai to Henan’s Shangcheng has started, which means that the blueprint of the feasibility study report is about to start drawing. As an important linkage-line within the province’s highway network planning, it will become an east-west important highway connecting Lu’an, Hefei and the Central Plains area of China.
The Xuancheng-Shangcheng Expressway is one of the important linkage lines in the provincial expressway network planning of “five verticals and nine horizontals”. It starts from Xuancheng City, through Nanling, Tongling, Wuwei, Lujiang, Shucheng, Huoshan and Jinzhai, and finally Shangcheng of Henan. It is of great significance for promoting the coordinated development of the east and west of the Hefei Metropolitan areas, and promoting the industrial structure transfer of the Hefei Economic Circle. It is a key east-west high-speed passage in Anhui Province.
The bidding section starts from the section of Fangxing Avenue to the Mayan of the G3 Jingtai Expressway, to connect the Wuwei-Hefei section, and go westward through Shucheng County, Huoshan County and Jinzhai County, to reach the junction of the Anhui province and Henan Province, and then to the Henan section of the S32 Xuancheng-Shangcheng Expressway. The route comes crossing the Hefei-Jiujiang Railway, Hefei-Anqing Passenger Dedicated, Shanghai-Hankou-Chengdu High-speed Railway, and crossing such rivers as the Fengle River, Hangbei Main Canal and Weihe River. It is about 180 kilometers in length and is built according to the standard of two-way four-lane expressway.
The construction of Xuancheng-Shangcheng Expressway is conducive to alleviating the traffic pressure of the Hefei-Liu’an Expressway and the Wuhu River Crossing. After its operation, Anhui will have another expressway that extends directly to the hinterland of the Central Plains. It will enhance the function of the Hefei National Comprehensive Hub and enhance its influence to surrounding regions.
Renewal and broadening of the 1.2-km (nearly a mile) Lovers Avenue greenbelt from Haixia Rest Station to Yeli Island's Xinyue (New Moon) Bridge has been completed, according to XiangzhouZhengfang Holdings.
Brought into balance and harmony with the seaside and Zhuhai Opera House is a 24,800-sq-m (six-acre) park in Wanzaisha of Old Xiangzhou. Seedlings have planted, signs posted, damaged trees and their bamboo supports removed, puddles drained, shrubs and hedges replaced, and withered trees trimmed or taken out.
The extended promenade features turtle shell-shaped terrain, a curving balustrade atop a new plank road, lamp-lit bikeway, and new automatic irrigation systems. The gentle gradient enables a wider horizon and uses space more efficiently, making the greenbelt an intimate part of coastal scenery. New vegetation and nine kinds of in-season flowers further adorn the route. Restoration of the 1.3-km section from the Xinyue Bridge to Gangkou Road (Xiangzhou Port) has now commenced.
The smog hangs thick over Beijing. It's a brownish haze with a vaguely smoky smell, shrouding lanes of traffic and pedestrians wearing face masks.
The main culprits are nearby steel factories and coal-burning heating plants. But the city's five million cars add much to the toxic mix, creating air that's frequently rated "hazardous" by the World Air Quality Index Project.
Since the beginning of last year, Chinese cities have been awash with 23 million GPS-equipped bicycles, part of a bike share program that has been credited with changing traffic patterns across the country and reviving a mode of transportation that was fading fast.
China’s drive to reduce the choking smog that envelops many of its major cities has propelled a huge investment in electric transport. Although it remains expensive for cities to introduce electric buses – one bus costs around 1.8 million Yuan (£208,000) – Shenzhen was able to go all-electric thanks to generous subsidies from both central and local government.
To keep Shenzhen’s electric vehicle fleet running, the city has built around 40,000 charging piles. Shenzhen Bus Company has 180 depots with their own charging facilities installed.
Source: The Guardian
International parcel and express delivery service DPD aims to convert all its parcel deliveries in Hamburg’s inner city to electrically powered vehicles by summer 2019. This comprises zero-emission and local deliveries in Altstadt, Neustadt, HafenCity, St. Georg and Hammerbrook, as well as in the Steinwerder and Kleiner Grasbrook districts. DPD is relying on a mix of compact vehicles, including delivery bikes and e-scooters, as well as larger vehicles such as fully electric transporters and trucks. The purchase of these vehicles will be subsidized in part in terms of the Zukunft.de model project under Hamburg’s leadership. Plans are being laid for several micro depots in the urban delivery to distribute the parcels with smaller electric vehicles.
Source: Hamburg News
Amsterdam is growing, flourishing and getting more and more crowded. Keeping the city liveable and accessible is a major challenge. Cars still place a huge burden on the available space. In its efforts to restrict traffic in the city centre, the City Council is proposing an increase in parking fees for visitors. Anyone who wants to park in Amsterdam will pay more for this service starting in April 2019.
Amsterdam City wants to encourage residents and visitors to change how they travel to and around the city. Many Amsterdammers choose not to use their cars or even make the conscious decision not to buy one. More and more visitors are starting to use the P+R (Park + Ride) facilities on the outskirts of the city.
Source: Gemeente Amsterdam
Valenciaport has been chosen to host the next annual European GreenPort Cruise & Congress conference in October 2018.
The Port Authority of Valencia, which brings together senior port executives to discuss and share the latest in sustainable development and environmental practice, will host the conference from 17 to 19 October.
Valenciaport is Spain’s leading Mediterranean port in terms of commercial traffic and is a cruicial gateway for production and consumer goods to and from the entire Iberian Peninsula.
It also offers extensive network connections to major world ports including America and North Africa.
One of Spain's busiest ports based in the city of Valencia has announced the creation of a "smart port" which will use blockchain and big data technologies. The news was revealed in a release published Wednesday, Oct. 3, on the port’s official website.
Jose Garcia De La Guia, who is responsible for implementing new technologies in the Port Authority of Valencia, explains that they see blockchain as a good option for improving logistics not only in Valencia, but in many international ports.
Blockchain is widely used by international ports to improve logistics. For instance, UK’s leading port operator will soon take part in pilot shipments using decentralised solutions, while Denmark has revealed its plans to implement blockchain for local ship registers.
China’s first elevated bike lane and the world’s longest at 7.6-kilometres is the Yunding road bicycle expressway in the south-eastern province of Fujian, which is now a little over a year old.
What’s special about Xiamen’s expressway is that it is fully elevated, segregated from other traffic, and off-limits to pedestrians, electric bikes and three-wheelers. This makes it the first piece of infrastructure in China aimed solely at cyclists.
The expressway uses space below the elevated roads of Xiamen’s Bus Rapid Transport. It sits five metres above ground and has two lanes, each 2.5 metres wide. It connects numerous residential areas, important public buildings, parks and schools.
As Chinese cities embark on more bicycle expressways, it’s hoped that schemes in the US and Europe can help inform best practice. Expressways are normal in many bike-friendly cities and countries: London has Cycle Superhighways, Holland its F25 High-Speed Cycle Route, Germany the RS1 bicycle highway, and in Bogota, Colombia, there is the Juan Amarillo Greenway.
What’s clear is that the most important feature of a bicycle expressway is exclusive road rights – a physical separation from other forms of transport to avoid interference and ensure safe travel at speed.
The Paris climate agreement requires us to cut CO2 emissions by 95%, right across the board; so that means energy, industry, and also mobility. In a city like Rotterdam, mobility is responsible for around 20% of all emissions. So it is not the biggest polluter, but it is certainly an important and complex one. The method used in Rotterdam is called CO2 roadmapping”; It is taken the sum total of vehicles in the city and break it down into various categories. What modes of transport are used in Rotterdam? How many are there? What are they used for? Knowing the contribution made by each mode of transport, Rotterdam can calculate the yields per individual measure.
Is it a tram, or is it a train, or even a fancy bus? The world’s first electric-powered ‘trackless train’ has been launched in China. Using virtual rail lines on the streets of Zhuzhou, Hunan Province, the new Autonomous Rail Rapid Transit (ART) system can travel up to speeds of 43 mph.The new trackless trains are 30 metre long and can carry upto 300 passengers.
China’s CRRC Corporation, which is one of the world’s biggest train manufacturers, started working on the new technology in 2013 and the system is expected to be rolled out to other cities next year. The trains carry up to 300 passengers and the new system is a cheaper and greener alternative than building new train or tram tracks. People’s Daily Online reported 10 minutes of charging can propel the train for 15.5 miles and each train will have a life-span of around 25 years.
After just 10 minutes of charging, the train can travel 25 kilometers (15.5 miles). The invisible railway uses dotted lines painted on the road and three ‘smart trains’ currently have drivers but are expected to be automated in the future. Chief engineer Feng Jianghua explained the train uses hi-tech sensors to judge distances by the millimeter and continually collects travel information as it moves.
The biggest benefit of the new system will be its low cost and Mr Jianghu estimated it would one fifth the price of building physical tramways in China. Three trains are being tested in Zhuzhou and the line will open to the public in Spring next year.
The EC-Link pilot cities face similar challenges, yet each city takes diverse approaches and makes thus different experiences. Therefore INTERCITY LAB was established to create a knowledge community of municipalities and to share the insights gained from similar sustainable urban development projects.
Taking one of the cities’ current project as a case study, city representatives receive advise from their peers having similar experiences: the case clinic format enables municipalities to share different perspectives, while learning from what worked well and what did not work so well. To further bring in insight and suggestions to the cities, European experts are invited to comment and present best practices related to the case, from both the European context and the Chinese landscape.
The INTERCITY LAB in Changzhou last October focused on green transportation projects, with the morning session dedicated to transit-oriented transportation planning in Changzhou Xinbei District. In this session, Atlas Chan from Arup shared extensive know-how and experience in urban planning in China with a transit-oriented approach.
Weihai’s street car planning project and Liuzhou’s Bus Rapid Transit system were presented during the second half day. By working in groups and providing advise to these two cases, participants shared their experience and learned from peer practice, as well as gained valuable input from the various experts present, including Sun Shengyang, GIZ transportation and Liang Yuelin, expert from Siemens Mobility. Project financing mechanisms were also discussed with expertise brought in by Adolfo Guerrero and Zhang Yu from Cities Development Initiative for Asia.
Participants in this workshop included representatives from the various pilot cities at the working level, European experts and companies. Distinguished guests Dr. Hou Wenjun, Deputy Director of Department of Building Energy and Science & Technology of MoHURD, and Mr. Ji Xiaodong, Deputy Director of Changzhou Xinbei District City Administration and Construction Bureau delivered keynote speeches. This event was co-organized with the Changzhou Xinbei District City Administration and Construction Bureau.
The City of Amsterdam has made great efforts to promote greener means of transport, and successfully. The citizens now prefer bicycles over cars.
Over the last thirty years, the municipal authority of Amsterdam has worked hard on encouraging bicycle use by providing cycle paths and lanes; bicycle and pedestrian friendly roads and an extensive network of parking facilities for bicycles. The main bicycle routes through the city are part of the ‘Hoofdnet Fiets’ bicycle network. A complex network of bicycle routes through the entire city, which ensures all of Amsterdam is safely and comfortably accessible by bicycle.
Source: European Commission
With a youthful population, a history of development built on public transport rather than cars and a reputation for embracing the new and fashionable; it is not surprising to find that Berlin is at the forefront of technological change when it comes to personal mobility.
Germany’s capital has more than 400 electric car-charging points and four hydrogen refuelling stations, making it the leading city in Germany for alternative forms of transport. A major expansion of this infrastructure is under way.
City authorities are determined to build on these environmentally friendly trends, as Berlin grows and parts of the city become more affluent.
Source: Financial Times
Beyond the numbers and reports, Berlin’s affinity for smart transportation and energy can also be felt by simply exploring it personally. Nearly half of the city is green space. Berlin’s transportation system is web of bike lanes, bus routes, subway lines, and more. What is perhaps most striking is the city’s excitement and potential for new technologies that make its role in our fast changing world even more prominent.
Germans frequently use car sharing service such as car2go and DriveNow; but in no other German city did these services catch on as well as in Berlin. Moreover, Along with the opening of new startup spaces such as Factory, Berlin TXL has announced its plan to open up a research and industrial park for urban technologies.
Source: Startup Boot Camp