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Green Transport

Transportation systems have a significant impact on the environment. They account for between 20% and 25% of world energy consumption and carbon dioxide emissions. Greenhouse gas emissions from transportation are increasing at a faster rate than any other energy using sector. Road transport is also a major contributor to local air pollution and smog.

Over the past two decades, China has experienced high growth numbers in motor vehicles, a trend that is set to continue. Such a rapid increase in the vehicle/population is putting high pressure over Chinese municipalities.

Sustainable transport systems make a positive contribution to the environmental, social and economic sustainability of any Municipality.

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Position Paper, January 2018
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Tool: Planning for Non-Motorized Transport
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NEWS

Guilin Accelerates the Construction of a Modern Urban Public Traffic System

Guilin will accelerate the creation of a modern urban public traffic system with the Guilin features of a “Comprehensive Connection, Green Mobility, Smart Travel, and Charming Public Traffic System”, to provide a safer, more convenient and comfortable traffic service for citizens and tourists.

The city will focus on accelerating the construction of an urban public traffic service system that is with the Transit Metropolis as a benchmark. It will speed up the construction of an urban public traffic service model with the characteristics of Green Mobility. And it will accelerate the construction of an urban public traffic service guarantee system with safety and stability as the bottom line. It will accelerate the establishment of urban public traffic management system based on technical means. Such important plan will require the supports of many departments and agencies involved in the urban public transport sector, to enable the people to share the results of transport reform and feel a sense of gain.

Sources: http: //www. guilin. gov. cn/cxjs/201903/t20190311_1099520. htm

EU Defends Publishing Ship Emissions Data

The EU, under pressure from industry and the International Maritime Organisation (IMO) to harmonise its monitoring, reporting and verification (MRV) system with the IMO’s system, should still require ships registered outside the EU to report their data, the Commission said.

Publishing data on all ships will allow shipping customers to identify the most efficient ships, make fuel savings and thereby reduce CO2 emissions. The transparency of the EU system, unlike the IMO’s data collection system (DCS), will prevent dirty ships to pass them off as efficient. The Commission’s proposal also maintains other key elements of the EU’s MRV, such as reporting data showing ships’ air pollution in ports.

Source: Sea News - https://seanews.co.uk/environment/eu-defends-publishing-ship-emissions-data/

Thousands of Green Taxis To Benefit From New Charge Points

Today (5 February 2019) the government has awarded more than £6 million to support ultra-low emission taxis right across the country, furthering its ambition for a zero emission future.

Announced at the Smart Transport conference by the Future of Mobility Minister, the funding will see almost 300 rapid charge points and 46 fast charge points installed for ultra-low emission taxis in 17 local authorities, including in Greater Manchester, Brighton and Hove, Leicester and the north east.

This announcement marks another milestone in the delivery of the government’s Road to Zero strategy and the Future of Mobility Grand Challenge which aims to usher in cleaner, greener journeys through UK engineering and technological innovation.

Source: Gov.Uk -https://www.gov.uk/government/news/thousands-of-green-taxis-to-benefit-from-new-chargepoints

Government to Introduce New Vehicle Taxes to Push People Towards Public Transport

The Department of Transport has published its Green Transport Strategy for 2018 – 2050, which lays out plans for new taxes, and changes to existing ones.

The strategy outlines the department’s plans for the road, rail and aviation sectors, with a focus on the country’s international commitments to reduce emissions.

In addition to a number of broader strategies – such as encouraging a push towards renewable energy vehicles – the document outlines some formal regulatory changes which are likely to have a direct impact on South African motorists.

Source: Business Tech - https://businesstech.co.za/news/motoring/297846/government-to-introduce-new-vehicle-taxes-to-push-people-towards-public-transport/

China Offered To Nearly Halve Cost Of Malaysia's $20-Billion Rail Project: Sources

China offered to nearly halve the cost of a $20-billion rail project to save the centerpiece of its infrastructure push in Southeast Asia, two sources said on 31 January 2019, but contradictory remarks by Malaysian ministers leave the outcome uncertain. The conflicting statements made over the past week on the status of the East Coast Railway Link (ECRL) underscore the political and diplomatic challenges facing the government of Prime Minister Mahathir Mohamad in renegotiating the contract.

Source: Reuters - https://www.reuters.com/article/us-china-malaysia-railway/china-offered-to-nearly-halve-cost-of-malaysias-20-billion-rail-project-sources-idUSKCN1PP0QK

Do We Really Need to Be Worried About China’s Rail Network?

Through the end of 2018, there were 131,000 kilometers (81,400 miles) of railroad in operation across China, of which more than 29,000 kilometers were high-speed rail (HSR) tracks — the most in the world. The mileage built in China in just over 10 years is more than twice what has been built in the rest of the world in half a century. But the “transport density” — the number of passengers moved per kilometer of railway per year — of the large-scale railway network is too low, indicating significant financial risk, said Professor Zhao Jianfrom Beijing Jiaotong University.

Source: Caixin - https://www.caixinglobal.com/2019-01-30/do-we-really-need-to-be-worried-about-chinas-rail-network-101376376.html

Green Fuel In Rotterdam To Receive Funding Boost

The Port of Rotterdam has made €5 million available via its Climate-Friendly Shipping scheme to fund maritime projects using low- and zero-carbon fuel.

Shipping companies, fuel and engine manufacturers and suppliers and shipping service providers operating out of the Port of Rotterdam will be able to access the funding if their project relies on green fuel options. The scheme, which will run until 2022, will focus on fuel projects which will reduce CO2 emissions by more than 50 per cent, including renewable and low-carbon fuels; though projects based around biofuels will have to show that their fuel is “advanced” and derives from residual or waste flows.

Source: Government Europa - https://www.governmenteuropa.eu/green-fuel-in-rotterdam/92043/

Palm Oil and Soy Oil for Bio-fuels Linked to High Rates of Deforestation

A significant share of palm oil and soybean expansion happens on rainforests, forests, peatland and savannahs (land with high carbon stocks), according to a new study reviewing the latest scientific evidence on deforestation. Based on the most recent available satellite assessments, the report estimates that 31% of palm oil expansion globally takes place on forests (1), while 23% of the expanded production occurred on peatland (some of which overlaps with forest conversion). The study also estimates that at least 7% of global soybean expansion caused direct deforestation in the period 2012 to 2015.

Source: European Interest - https://www.europeaninterest.eu/article/palm-oil-soy-oil-biofuels-linked-high-rates-deforestation-study/

Energy Union: EU Invests A Further €800 Million In Priority Energy Infrastructure

Today EU Member States voted on a Commission proposal to invest almost €800 million in key European energy infrastructure projects with major cross-border benefits. The EU funding comes from the Connecting Europe Facility (CEF), the European support programme for trans-European infrastructure.

Priority is given to projects that increase competitiveness, enhance the EU's security of energy supply through the promotion of safe, secure and efficient network operation, and contribute to sustainable development and environmental protection. Creating a connected, modern energy grid represents a crucial element of the Energy Union, one of the political priorities of the Juncker Commission.

Source: European Commission - http://europa.eu/rapid/press-release_IP-19-561_en.htm

MSC’s Technology To Transport Fruit To China

The ocean carrier MSC launches a new technology for long distance shipping of fruit. The first to test the technology is the gold kiwi, sweeter than the green one, and whose demand is growing especially in China. 

The gold kiwi shipments are made under cold treatment to keep the fruit fresh and prevent transference of unwanted pests. MSC’s experienced technicians ensure the conditions are correct and that the cold chain is controlled 24/7 until delivery to the customer.

Source: The Medi Telegraph - http://www.themeditelegraph.com/en/shipping/2019/01/17/msc-technology-transport-fruit-china-0Z1cx4NKoi8TdG7F6MvmvM/index.html

Liuzhou City Promotes Traffic Capacity for Rural Vitalization

Recently, it is learned from the Work Promotion Teleconference of the Three-year Action Plan for Improving Transportation Infrastructure Capacity in Rural Areas of Liuzhou held by the Liuzhou Municipal People's Government that at present, the expressway projects in Liuzhou City, the second (or third) level highway projects in every village and the road hardening projects in more than 20 natural villages are progressing smoothly. Through the "Three-year Action Plan", the longitudinal and latitudinal lines of the traffic network were made for improving transportation infrastructure in rural areas.

It is reported that from January to October this year, Liuzhou completed a total investment of 2.66 billion yuan in expressway projects, accounting for 84.8% of the annual task. At present, the expressway mileage in Liuzhou is 495 kilometers, and the expressway mileage in Liuzhou will reach 700 kilometers after the completion of the "Three-year Action Plan" project.

Sources: http://english.liuzhou.gov.cn/news/news1/201812/t20181204_1215629.htm

Beijing's Sub-Center Aims for Green Transport

Beijing's subsidiary administrative center will strive to build a green transport system, according to a detailed plan released Friday.

Beijing Municipal Commission of Planning and Natural Resources and the district government of Tongzhou on Friday disclosed the Regulatory Planning of Beijing Sub-center for 2016 to 2035, as approved by the Communist Party of China Central Committee and the State Council on Thursday.

Sitting in Tongzhou District in the east of the capital, the sub-center aims to accommodate 1.3 million permanent residents by 2035.

The sub-center plans to build an environmental-friendly transport network, giving priorities to pedestrians, cyclists and commuters using public transport.

It is estimated that more than 80 percent of residents living in the sub-center will opt for green transport by 2035, including walking, bicycles and electric vehicles.

Source: Xinhua - http://www.xinhuanet.com/english/2019-01/04/c_137719688.htm

Hefei Metropolitan Area Will Densify Its Road Network

The bidding for the project of constructing the section of the Xuancheng-Shangcheng Expressway that starts from Hefei to Jinzhai to Henan’s Shangcheng has started, which means that the blueprint of the feasibility study report is about to start drawing. As an important linkage-line within the province’s highway network planning, it will become an east-west important highway connecting Lu’an, Hefei and the Central Plains area of China.

The Xuancheng-Shangcheng Expressway is one of the important linkage lines in the provincial expressway network planning of “five verticals and nine horizontals”. It starts from Xuancheng City, through Nanling, Tongling, Wuwei, Lujiang, Shucheng, Huoshan and Jinzhai, and finally Shangcheng of Henan. It is of great significance for promoting the coordinated development of the east and west of the Hefei Metropolitan areas, and promoting the industrial structure transfer of the Hefei Economic Circle. It is a key east-west high-speed passage in Anhui Province.

The bidding section starts from the section of Fangxing Avenue to the Mayan of the G3 Jingtai Expressway, to connect the Wuwei-Hefei section, and go westward through Shucheng County, Huoshan County and Jinzhai County, to reach the junction of the Anhui province and Henan Province, and then to the Henan section of the S32 Xuancheng-Shangcheng Expressway. The route comes crossing the Hefei-Jiujiang Railway, Hefei-Anqing Passenger Dedicated, Shanghai-Hankou-Chengdu High-speed Railway, and crossing such rivers as the Fengle River, Hangbei Main Canal and Weihe River. It is about 180 kilometers in length and is built according to the standard of two-way four-lane expressway.

The construction of Xuancheng-Shangcheng Expressway is conducive to alleviating the traffic pressure of the Hefei-Liu’an Expressway and the Wuhu River Crossing. After its operation, Anhui will have another expressway that extends directly to the hinterland of the Central Plains. It will enhance the function of the Hefei National Comprehensive Hub and enhance its influence to surrounding regions.

Sources: http://www.hefei.gov.cn/xwzxdt/csbb/201812/t20181226_2695742.html

Lovers Avenue Enhancement Is Taken Nearby Yeli Island

Renewal and broadening of the 1.2-km (nearly a mile) Lovers Avenue greenbelt from Haixia Rest Station to Yeli Island's Xinyue (New Moon) Bridge has been completed, according to XiangzhouZhengfang Holdings.

Brought into balance and harmony with the seaside and Zhuhai Opera House is a 24,800-sq-m (six-acre) park in Wanzaisha of Old Xiangzhou. Seedlings have planted, signs posted, damaged trees and their bamboo supports removed, puddles drained, shrubs and hedges replaced, and withered trees trimmed or taken out.

The extended promenade features turtle shell-shaped terrain, a curving balustrade atop a new plank road, lamp-lit bikeway, and new automatic irrigation systems. The gentle gradient enables a wider horizon and uses space more efficiently, making the greenbelt an intimate part of coastal scenery. New vegetation and nine kinds of in-season flowers further adorn the route. Restoration of the 1.3-km section from the Xinyue Bridge to Gangkou Road (Xiangzhou Port) has now commenced.

Source: http://www.cityofzhuhai.com/2018-12/26/c_310510.htm

GPS Bike-Share Program in China Credited with Reducing Gridlock and Smog

The smog hangs thick over Beijing. It's a brownish haze with a vaguely smoky smell, shrouding lanes of traffic and pedestrians wearing face masks.

The main culprits are nearby steel factories and coal-burning heating plants. But the city's five million cars add much to the toxic mix, creating air that's frequently rated "hazardous" by the World Air Quality Index Project. 

Since the beginning of last year, Chinese cities have been awash with 23 million GPS-equipped bicycles, part of a bike share program that has been credited with changing traffic patterns across the country and reviving a mode of transportation that was fading fast.

Source: CBC - https://www.cbc.ca/news/technology/china-gps-bike-share-carbon-emissions-1.4941137 

Shenzhen's Silent Revolution: World's First Fully Electric Bus Fleet Quietens Chinese Megacity

China’s drive to reduce the choking smog that envelops many of its major cities has propelled a huge investment in electric transport. Although it remains expensive for cities to introduce electric buses – one bus costs around 1.8 million Yuan (£208,000) – Shenzhen was able to go all-electric thanks to generous subsidies from both central and local government.

To keep Shenzhen’s electric vehicle fleet running, the city has built around 40,000 charging piles. Shenzhen Bus Company has 180 depots with their own charging facilities installed.

Source: The Guardian

DPD To Convert to Electric Vehicles By 2019

International parcel and express delivery service DPD aims to convert all its parcel deliveries in Hamburg’s inner city to electrically powered vehicles by summer 2019. This comprises zero-emission and local deliveries in Altstadt, Neustadt, HafenCity, St. Georg and Hammerbrook, as well as in the Steinwerder and Kleiner Grasbrook districts. DPD is relying on a mix of compact vehicles, including delivery bikes and e-scooters, as well as larger vehicles such as fully electric transporters and trucks. The purchase of these vehicles will be subsidized in part in terms of the Zukunft.de model project under Hamburg’s leadership. Plans are being laid for several micro depots in the urban delivery to distribute the parcels with smaller electric vehicles.

Source: Hamburg News

Increase in Parking Fees to Improve Quality of Life

Amsterdam is growing, flourishing and getting more and more crowded. Keeping the city liveable and accessible is a major challenge. Cars still place a huge burden on the available space. In its efforts to restrict traffic in the city centre, the City Council is proposing an increase in parking fees for visitors. Anyone who wants to park in Amsterdam will pay more for this service starting in April 2019.

Amsterdam City wants to encourage residents and visitors to change how they travel to and around the city. Many Amsterdammers choose not to use their cars or even make the conscious decision not to buy one. More and more visitors are starting to use the P+R (Park + Ride) facilities on the outskirts of the city.

Source: Gemeente Amsterdam

Greenport Congress Will Head To Valencia In 2018

Valenciaport has been chosen to host the next annual European GreenPort Cruise & Congress conference in October 2018.

The Port Authority of Valencia, which brings together senior port executives to discuss and share the latest in sustainable development and environmental practice, will host the conference from 17 to 19 October.

Valenciaport is Spain’s leading Mediterranean port in terms of commercial traffic and is a cruicial gateway for production and consumer goods to and from the entire Iberian Peninsula.

It also offers extensive network connections to major world ports including America and North Africa.

Source: GreenPort

Spanish City of Valencia to Create ‘Smart Port’ Using Blockchain, Big Data

One of Spain's busiest ports based in the city of Valencia has announced the creation of a "smart port" which will use blockchain and big data technologies. The news was revealed in a release published Wednesday, Oct. 3, on the port’s official website.

Jose Garcia De La Guia, who is responsible for implementing new technologies in the Port Authority of Valencia, explains that they see blockchain as a good option for improving logistics not only in Valencia, but in many international ports.

Blockchain is widely used by international ports to improve logistics. For instance, UK’s leading port operator will soon take part in pilot shipments using decentralised solutions, while Denmark has revealed its plans to implement blockchain for local ship registers.

Source: Cointelegraph

Can Expressways Get People Cycling Again?

China’s first elevated bike lane and the world’s longest at 7.6-kilometres is the Yunding road bicycle expressway in the south-eastern province of Fujian, which is now a little over a year old.

 What’s special about Xiamen’s expressway is that it is fully elevated, segregated from other traffic, and off-limits to pedestrians, electric bikes and three-wheelers. This makes it the first piece of infrastructure in China aimed solely at cyclists.

 The expressway uses space below the elevated roads of Xiamen’s Bus Rapid Transport. It sits five metres above ground and has two lanes, each 2.5 metres wide. It connects numerous residential areas, important public buildings, parks and schools.

As Chinese cities embark on more bicycle expressways, it’s hoped that schemes in the US and Europe can help inform best practice. Expressways are normal in many bike-friendly cities and countries: London has Cycle Superhighways, Holland its F25 High-Speed Cycle Route, Germany the RS1 bicycle highway, and in Bogota, Colombia, there is the Juan Amarillo Greenway.

 What’s clear is that the most important feature of a bicycle expressway is exclusive road rights – a physical separation from other forms of transport to avoid interference and ensure safe travel at speed.

Source: https://www.chinadialogue.org.cn/article/show/single/en/10401-Can-expressways-get-people-cycling-again-

The CO2 Roadmap from Rotterdam To Paris

The Paris climate agreement requires us to cut CO2 emissions by 95%, right across the board; so that means energy, industry, and also mobility. In a city like Rotterdam, mobility is responsible for around 20% of all emissions. So it is not the biggest polluter, but it is certainly an important and complex one. The method used in Rotterdam is called CO2 roadmapping”; It is taken the sum total of vehicles in the city and break it down into various categories. What modes of transport are used in Rotterdam? How many are there? What are they used for? Knowing the contribution made by each mode of transport, Rotterdam can calculate the yields per individual measure.

Source: TNO

New ‘trackless train’ which runs on virtual rail lines launched in China

Is it a tram, or is it a train, or even a fancy bus? The world’s first electric-powered ‘trackless train’ has been launched in China. Using virtual rail lines on the streets of Zhuzhou, Hunan Province, the new Autonomous Rail Rapid Transit (ART) system can travel up to speeds of 43 mph.The new trackless trains are 30 metre long and can carry upto 300 passengers.

China’s CRRC Corporation, which is one of the world’s biggest train manufacturers, started working on the new technology in 2013 and the system is expected to be rolled out to other cities next year. The trains carry up to 300 passengers and the new system is a cheaper and greener alternative than building new train or tram tracks. People’s Daily Online reported 10 minutes of charging can propel the train for 15.5 miles and each train will have a life-span of around 25 years.

After just 10 minutes of charging, the train can travel 25 kilometers (15.5 miles). The invisible railway uses dotted lines painted on the road and three ‘smart trains’ currently have drivers but are expected to be automated in the future. Chief engineer Feng Jianghua explained the train uses hi-tech sensors to judge distances by the millimeter and continually collects travel information as it moves.

The biggest benefit of the new system will be its low cost and Mr Jianghu estimated it would one fifth the price of building physical tramways in China. Three trains are being tested in Zhuzhou and the line will open to the public in Spring next year.

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Source: http://metro.co.uk/2017/10/28/new-trackless-train-which-runs-on-virtual-rail-lines-launched-in-china-7034155/

Intercity Lab On Green Transport

The EC-Link pilot cities face similar challenges, yet each city takes diverse approaches and makes thus different experiences. Therefore INTERCITY LAB was established to create a knowledge community of municipalities and to share the insights gained from similar sustainable urban development projects.

Taking one of the cities’ current project as a case study, city representatives receive advise from their peers having similar experiences: the case clinic format enables municipalities to share different perspectives, while learning from what worked well and what did not work so well. To further bring in insight and suggestions to the cities, European experts are invited to comment and present best practices related to the case, from both the European context and the Chinese landscape.

The INTERCITY LAB in Changzhou last October focused on green transportation projects, with the morning session dedicated to transit-oriented transportation planning in Changzhou Xinbei District. In this session, Atlas Chan from Arup shared extensive know-how and experience in urban planning in China with a transit-oriented approach.

Weihai’s street car planning project and Liuzhou’s Bus Rapid Transit system were presented during the second half day. By working in groups and providing advise to these two cases, participants shared their experience and learned from peer practice, as well as gained valuable input from the various experts present, including Sun Shengyang, GIZ transportation and Liang Yuelin, expert from Siemens Mobility. Project financing mechanisms were also discussed with expertise brought in by Adolfo Guerrero and Zhang Yu from Cities Development Initiative for Asia.

Participants in this workshop included representatives from the various pilot cities at the working level, European experts and companies. Distinguished guests Dr. Hou Wenjun, Deputy Director of Department of Building Energy and Science & Technology of MoHURD, and Mr. Ji Xiaodong, Deputy Director of Changzhou Xinbei District City Administration and Construction Bureau delivered keynote speeches. This event was co-organized with the Changzhou Xinbei District City Administration and Construction Bureau.

Bikes Have Overtaken Cars

The City of Amsterdam has made great efforts to promote greener means of transport, and successfully. The citizens now prefer bicycles over cars.

Over the last thirty years, the municipal authority of Amsterdam has worked hard on encouraging bicycle use by providing cycle paths and lanes; bicycle and pedestrian friendly roads and an extensive network of parking facilities for bicycles. The main bicycle routes through the city are part of the ‘Hoofdnet Fiets’ bicycle network. A complex network of bicycle routes through the entire city, which ensures all of Amsterdam is safely and comfortably accessible by bicycle.

Source: European Commission

Berlin Emphasises the Environmentally Sustainable

With a youthful population, a history of development built on public transport rather than cars and a reputation for embracing the new and fashionable; it is not surprising to find that Berlin is at the forefront of technological change when it comes to personal mobility.

Germany’s capital has more than 400 electric car-charging points and four hydrogen refuelling stations, making it the leading city in Germany for alternative forms of transport. A major expansion of this infrastructure is under way.

City authorities are determined to build on these environmentally friendly trends, as Berlin grows and parts of the city become more affluent.

Source: Financial Times

Why Berlin is THE City for Smart Transportation & Energy

Beyond the numbers and reports, Berlin’s affinity for smart transportation and energy can also be felt by simply exploring it personally. Nearly half of the city is green space. Berlin’s transportation system is web of bike lanes, bus routes, subway lines, and more. What is perhaps most striking is the city’s excitement and potential for new technologies that make its role in our fast changing world even more prominent.

Germans frequently use car sharing service such as car2go and DriveNow; but in no other German city did these services catch on as well as in Berlin. Moreover, Along with the opening of new startup spaces such as Factory, Berlin TXL has announced its plan to open up a research and industrial park for urban technologies.

Source: Startup Boot Camp

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