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Green Transport

Transportation systems have a significant impact on the environment. They account for between 20% and 25% of world energy consumption and carbon dioxide emissions. Greenhouse gas emissions from transportation are increasing at a faster rate than any other energy using sector. Road transport is also a major contributor to local air pollution and smog.

Over the past two decades, China has experienced high growth numbers in motor vehicles, a trend that is set to continue. Such a rapid increase in the vehicle/population is putting high pressure over Chinese municipalities.

Sustainable transport systems make a positive contribution to the environmental, social and economic sustainability of any Municipality.

Position Papers
Green Transport
Position Paper, January 2018
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Guidelines
Green Transport
EC-Link Implementation Guidelines
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Case Studies
Infrastructure for Mobility Without Cars
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Parking Management
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Promotion of Electric Vehicles (EV) in China
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Travel Demand Management
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Toolboxes
Green Transport
Overview
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Green Transport
Indicators
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Green Transport
Standards
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Green Transport
Tool: Planning for Non-Motorized Transport
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Green Transport
Tool: Integrated City-wide Low-carbon Transit Plans
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Green Transport
Tool: Emission Assessment of Low-Carbon Transport Modes
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NEWS

Liuzhou City Promotes Traffic Capacity for Rural Vitalization

Recently, it is learned from the Work Promotion Teleconference of the Three-year Action Plan for Improving Transportation Infrastructure Capacity in Rural Areas of Liuzhou held by the Liuzhou Municipal People's Government that at present, the expressway projects in Liuzhou City, the second (or third) level highway projects in every village and the road hardening projects in more than 20 natural villages are progressing smoothly. Through the "Three-year Action Plan", the longitudinal and latitudinal lines of the traffic network were made for improving transportation infrastructure in rural areas.

It is reported that from January to October this year, Liuzhou completed a total investment of 2.66 billion yuan in expressway projects, accounting for 84.8% of the annual task. At present, the expressway mileage in Liuzhou is 495 kilometers, and the expressway mileage in Liuzhou will reach 700 kilometers after the completion of the "Three-year Action Plan" project.

Sources: http://english.liuzhou.gov.cn/news/news1/201812/t20181204_1215629.htm

Hefei Metropolitan Area Will Densify Its Road Network

The bidding for the project of constructing the section of the Xuancheng-Shangcheng Expressway that starts from Hefei to Jinzhai to Henan’s Shangcheng has started, which means that the blueprint of the feasibility study report is about to start drawing. As an important linkage-line within the province’s highway network planning, it will become an east-west important highway connecting Lu’an, Hefei and the Central Plains area of China.

The Xuancheng-Shangcheng Expressway is one of the important linkage lines in the provincial expressway network planning of “five verticals and nine horizontals”. It starts from Xuancheng City, through Nanling, Tongling, Wuwei, Lujiang, Shucheng, Huoshan and Jinzhai, and finally Shangcheng of Henan. It is of great significance for promoting the coordinated development of the east and west of the Hefei Metropolitan areas, and promoting the industrial structure transfer of the Hefei Economic Circle. It is a key east-west high-speed passage in Anhui Province.

The bidding section starts from the section of Fangxing Avenue to the Mayan of the G3 Jingtai Expressway, to connect the Wuwei-Hefei section, and go westward through Shucheng County, Huoshan County and Jinzhai County, to reach the junction of the Anhui province and Henan Province, and then to the Henan section of the S32 Xuancheng-Shangcheng Expressway. The route comes crossing the Hefei-Jiujiang Railway, Hefei-Anqing Passenger Dedicated, Shanghai-Hankou-Chengdu High-speed Railway, and crossing such rivers as the Fengle River, Hangbei Main Canal and Weihe River. It is about 180 kilometers in length and is built according to the standard of two-way four-lane expressway.

The construction of Xuancheng-Shangcheng Expressway is conducive to alleviating the traffic pressure of the Hefei-Liu’an Expressway and the Wuhu River Crossing. After its operation, Anhui will have another expressway that extends directly to the hinterland of the Central Plains. It will enhance the function of the Hefei National Comprehensive Hub and enhance its influence to surrounding regions.

Sources: http://www.hefei.gov.cn/xwzxdt/csbb/201812/t20181226_2695742.html

Lovers Avenue Enhancement Is Taken Nearby Yeli Island

Renewal and broadening of the 1.2-km (nearly a mile) Lovers Avenue greenbelt from Haixia Rest Station to Yeli Island's Xinyue (New Moon) Bridge has been completed, according to XiangzhouZhengfang Holdings.

Brought into balance and harmony with the seaside and Zhuhai Opera House is a 24,800-sq-m (six-acre) park in Wanzaisha of Old Xiangzhou. Seedlings have planted, signs posted, damaged trees and their bamboo supports removed, puddles drained, shrubs and hedges replaced, and withered trees trimmed or taken out.

The extended promenade features turtle shell-shaped terrain, a curving balustrade atop a new plank road, lamp-lit bikeway, and new automatic irrigation systems. The gentle gradient enables a wider horizon and uses space more efficiently, making the greenbelt an intimate part of coastal scenery. New vegetation and nine kinds of in-season flowers further adorn the route. Restoration of the 1.3-km section from the Xinyue Bridge to Gangkou Road (Xiangzhou Port) has now commenced.

Source: http://www.cityofzhuhai.com/2018-12/26/c_310510.htm

GPS Bike-Share Program in China Credited with Reducing Gridlock and Smog

The smog hangs thick over Beijing. It's a brownish haze with a vaguely smoky smell, shrouding lanes of traffic and pedestrians wearing face masks.

The main culprits are nearby steel factories and coal-burning heating plants. But the city's five million cars add much to the toxic mix, creating air that's frequently rated "hazardous" by the World Air Quality Index Project. 

Since the beginning of last year, Chinese cities have been awash with 23 million GPS-equipped bicycles, part of a bike share program that has been credited with changing traffic patterns across the country and reviving a mode of transportation that was fading fast.

Source: CBC - https://www.cbc.ca/news/technology/china-gps-bike-share-carbon-emissions-1.4941137 

Shenzhen's Silent Revolution: World's First Fully Electric Bus Fleet Quietens Chinese Megacity

China’s drive to reduce the choking smog that envelops many of its major cities has propelled a huge investment in electric transport. Although it remains expensive for cities to introduce electric buses – one bus costs around 1.8 million Yuan (£208,000) – Shenzhen was able to go all-electric thanks to generous subsidies from both central and local government.

To keep Shenzhen’s electric vehicle fleet running, the city has built around 40,000 charging piles. Shenzhen Bus Company has 180 depots with their own charging facilities installed.

Source: The Guardian

DPD To Convert to Electric Vehicles By 2019

International parcel and express delivery service DPD aims to convert all its parcel deliveries in Hamburg’s inner city to electrically powered vehicles by summer 2019. This comprises zero-emission and local deliveries in Altstadt, Neustadt, HafenCity, St. Georg and Hammerbrook, as well as in the Steinwerder and Kleiner Grasbrook districts. DPD is relying on a mix of compact vehicles, including delivery bikes and e-scooters, as well as larger vehicles such as fully electric transporters and trucks. The purchase of these vehicles will be subsidized in part in terms of the Zukunft.de model project under Hamburg’s leadership. Plans are being laid for several micro depots in the urban delivery to distribute the parcels with smaller electric vehicles.

Source: Hamburg News

Increase in Parking Fees to Improve Quality of Life

Amsterdam is growing, flourishing and getting more and more crowded. Keeping the city liveable and accessible is a major challenge. Cars still place a huge burden on the available space. In its efforts to restrict traffic in the city centre, the City Council is proposing an increase in parking fees for visitors. Anyone who wants to park in Amsterdam will pay more for this service starting in April 2019.

Amsterdam City wants to encourage residents and visitors to change how they travel to and around the city. Many Amsterdammers choose not to use their cars or even make the conscious decision not to buy one. More and more visitors are starting to use the P+R (Park + Ride) facilities on the outskirts of the city.

Source: Gemeente Amsterdam

Greenport Congress Will Head To Valencia In 2018

Valenciaport has been chosen to host the next annual European GreenPort Cruise & Congress conference in October 2018.

The Port Authority of Valencia, which brings together senior port executives to discuss and share the latest in sustainable development and environmental practice, will host the conference from 17 to 19 October.

Valenciaport is Spain’s leading Mediterranean port in terms of commercial traffic and is a cruicial gateway for production and consumer goods to and from the entire Iberian Peninsula.

It also offers extensive network connections to major world ports including America and North Africa.

Source: GreenPort

Spanish City of Valencia to Create ‘Smart Port’ Using Blockchain, Big Data

One of Spain's busiest ports based in the city of Valencia has announced the creation of a "smart port" which will use blockchain and big data technologies. The news was revealed in a release published Wednesday, Oct. 3, on the port’s official website.

Jose Garcia De La Guia, who is responsible for implementing new technologies in the Port Authority of Valencia, explains that they see blockchain as a good option for improving logistics not only in Valencia, but in many international ports.

Blockchain is widely used by international ports to improve logistics. For instance, UK’s leading port operator will soon take part in pilot shipments using decentralised solutions, while Denmark has revealed its plans to implement blockchain for local ship registers.

Source: Cointelegraph

Can Expressways Get People Cycling Again?

China’s first elevated bike lane and the world’s longest at 7.6-kilometres is the Yunding road bicycle expressway in the south-eastern province of Fujian, which is now a little over a year old.

 What’s special about Xiamen’s expressway is that it is fully elevated, segregated from other traffic, and off-limits to pedestrians, electric bikes and three-wheelers. This makes it the first piece of infrastructure in China aimed solely at cyclists.

 The expressway uses space below the elevated roads of Xiamen’s Bus Rapid Transport. It sits five metres above ground and has two lanes, each 2.5 metres wide. It connects numerous residential areas, important public buildings, parks and schools.

As Chinese cities embark on more bicycle expressways, it’s hoped that schemes in the US and Europe can help inform best practice. Expressways are normal in many bike-friendly cities and countries: London has Cycle Superhighways, Holland its F25 High-Speed Cycle Route, Germany the RS1 bicycle highway, and in Bogota, Colombia, there is the Juan Amarillo Greenway.

 What’s clear is that the most important feature of a bicycle expressway is exclusive road rights – a physical separation from other forms of transport to avoid interference and ensure safe travel at speed.

Source: https://www.chinadialogue.org.cn/article/show/single/en/10401-Can-expressways-get-people-cycling-again-

The CO2 Roadmap from Rotterdam To Paris

The Paris climate agreement requires us to cut CO2 emissions by 95%, right across the board; so that means energy, industry, and also mobility. In a city like Rotterdam, mobility is responsible for around 20% of all emissions. So it is not the biggest polluter, but it is certainly an important and complex one. The method used in Rotterdam is called CO2 roadmapping”; It is taken the sum total of vehicles in the city and break it down into various categories. What modes of transport are used in Rotterdam? How many are there? What are they used for? Knowing the contribution made by each mode of transport, Rotterdam can calculate the yields per individual measure.

Source: TNO

New ‘trackless train’ which runs on virtual rail lines launched in China

Is it a tram, or is it a train, or even a fancy bus? The world’s first electric-powered ‘trackless train’ has been launched in China. Using virtual rail lines on the streets of Zhuzhou, Hunan Province, the new Autonomous Rail Rapid Transit (ART) system can travel up to speeds of 43 mph.The new trackless trains are 30 metre long and can carry upto 300 passengers.

China’s CRRC Corporation, which is one of the world’s biggest train manufacturers, started working on the new technology in 2013 and the system is expected to be rolled out to other cities next year. The trains carry up to 300 passengers and the new system is a cheaper and greener alternative than building new train or tram tracks. People’s Daily Online reported 10 minutes of charging can propel the train for 15.5 miles and each train will have a life-span of around 25 years.

After just 10 minutes of charging, the train can travel 25 kilometers (15.5 miles). The invisible railway uses dotted lines painted on the road and three ‘smart trains’ currently have drivers but are expected to be automated in the future. Chief engineer Feng Jianghua explained the train uses hi-tech sensors to judge distances by the millimeter and continually collects travel information as it moves.

The biggest benefit of the new system will be its low cost and Mr Jianghu estimated it would one fifth the price of building physical tramways in China. Three trains are being tested in Zhuzhou and the line will open to the public in Spring next year.

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Source: http://metro.co.uk/2017/10/28/new-trackless-train-which-runs-on-virtual-rail-lines-launched-in-china-7034155/

Intercity Lab On Green Transport

The EC-Link pilot cities face similar challenges, yet each city takes diverse approaches and makes thus different experiences. Therefore INTERCITY LAB was established to create a knowledge community of municipalities and to share the insights gained from similar sustainable urban development projects.

Taking one of the cities’ current project as a case study, city representatives receive advise from their peers having similar experiences: the case clinic format enables municipalities to share different perspectives, while learning from what worked well and what did not work so well. To further bring in insight and suggestions to the cities, European experts are invited to comment and present best practices related to the case, from both the European context and the Chinese landscape.

The INTERCITY LAB in Changzhou last October focused on green transportation projects, with the morning session dedicated to transit-oriented transportation planning in Changzhou Xinbei District. In this session, Atlas Chan from Arup shared extensive know-how and experience in urban planning in China with a transit-oriented approach.

Weihai’s street car planning project and Liuzhou’s Bus Rapid Transit system were presented during the second half day. By working in groups and providing advise to these two cases, participants shared their experience and learned from peer practice, as well as gained valuable input from the various experts present, including Sun Shengyang, GIZ transportation and Liang Yuelin, expert from Siemens Mobility. Project financing mechanisms were also discussed with expertise brought in by Adolfo Guerrero and Zhang Yu from Cities Development Initiative for Asia.

Participants in this workshop included representatives from the various pilot cities at the working level, European experts and companies. Distinguished guests Dr. Hou Wenjun, Deputy Director of Department of Building Energy and Science & Technology of MoHURD, and Mr. Ji Xiaodong, Deputy Director of Changzhou Xinbei District City Administration and Construction Bureau delivered keynote speeches. This event was co-organized with the Changzhou Xinbei District City Administration and Construction Bureau.

Bikes Have Overtaken Cars

The City of Amsterdam has made great efforts to promote greener means of transport, and successfully. The citizens now prefer bicycles over cars.

Over the last thirty years, the municipal authority of Amsterdam has worked hard on encouraging bicycle use by providing cycle paths and lanes; bicycle and pedestrian friendly roads and an extensive network of parking facilities for bicycles. The main bicycle routes through the city are part of the ‘Hoofdnet Fiets’ bicycle network. A complex network of bicycle routes through the entire city, which ensures all of Amsterdam is safely and comfortably accessible by bicycle.

Source: European Commission

Berlin Emphasises the Environmentally Sustainable

With a youthful population, a history of development built on public transport rather than cars and a reputation for embracing the new and fashionable; it is not surprising to find that Berlin is at the forefront of technological change when it comes to personal mobility.

Germany’s capital has more than 400 electric car-charging points and four hydrogen refuelling stations, making it the leading city in Germany for alternative forms of transport. A major expansion of this infrastructure is under way.

City authorities are determined to build on these environmentally friendly trends, as Berlin grows and parts of the city become more affluent.

Source: Financial Times

Why Berlin is THE City for Smart Transportation & Energy

Beyond the numbers and reports, Berlin’s affinity for smart transportation and energy can also be felt by simply exploring it personally. Nearly half of the city is green space. Berlin’s transportation system is web of bike lanes, bus routes, subway lines, and more. What is perhaps most striking is the city’s excitement and potential for new technologies that make its role in our fast changing world even more prominent.

Germans frequently use car sharing service such as car2go and DriveNow; but in no other German city did these services catch on as well as in Berlin. Moreover, Along with the opening of new startup spaces such as Factory, Berlin TXL has announced its plan to open up a research and industrial park for urban technologies.

Source: Startup Boot Camp

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