Compact Urban Development
The relevance of “compact urban development” (CUD) has become a key element of today’s discussion on spatially-efficient and high-quality urban spaces, which can support energy-efficiency and low-carbon development. Governments play an important role in regulating urban spatial forms and land development through infrastructure development, taxation, and land use regulations.
The EC-Link Project aims to support Chinese cities in addressing energy problems in cities and improving energy management in urban areas, proving recommendation in multiple areas, such as: Compact urban development, Use of Transit-Oriented Development (TOD), Resilience from impacts of climate change through adaptation measures, etc.
On March 29, 2019 Luoyang government revealed that this year, the city will build 20 community-based old-age care service centers that combine both medical and old-age care service functions.
The city-level and six county-level government demonstrating old-age care institutions will be completed and put into use. It will continuously renovate and upgrade townships’ old people’s nursing homes. For the three governments in the old-age care demonstrating counties of Yichuan, Songxian and Ruyang, they will take the lead in carrying out the services of medical assistance, food support, cleaning, bathing and patrol services; and built 3 home-based and community-based old-age care service demonstration zones in Jianxi, Xigong and Luolong.
Recently, the “Implementation Plan for the Activities of the Year of Breaking Through in the Construction of Major Projects” (hereinafter referred to as the “Plan”) was issued by the General Office of the People’s Government of Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, aiming to focus on accelerating the construction of major projects and making breakthroughs during the construction. Many projects listed in the Plan are located in Liuzhou, including the Liuzhou-Guangzhou Railway Project and the Liuzhou Urban Rail Transit Project.
Among the industrial projects mentioned in the Plan, Liuzhou will strive to push forward the project of “Launching the Vehicle Valued More Than 100,000 Yuan”; establish the Liuzhou Dongfeng Motor Research and Development Center; further promote the development of new type transmissions and engines and push on the project of Liuzhou Smart Grid Industrial Park and the Liuzhou Intelligent Transportation Industrial Park. Finally, among the agricultural projects, Liuzhou will give impetus to the construction of the national modern agricultural industrial park in Liunan District.
On the morning of March 9, Zhonglou District held the groundbreaking ceremony for key projects in 2019 and the first phase of the Zhigu Workshop. The 23 key projects are involved in the areas of new materials, new energy, intelligent manufacturing, creative culture and so on, with a total investment of 6.105 billion yuan and an annual planned investment of 3.632 billion yuan. Cao Jiazhong, member of the Standing Committee of CPC Changzhou Municipal Committee and executive deputy mayor of Changzhou, attended the event.
Among the newly started projects, there are 8 enterprises and programs settling in Smart Valley. The Valley is an important part of the Changzhou Science and Technology Block and a key platform for the gathering of “two new and one smart” industries in Zhonglou. The first batch of high-tech enterprises such as Truly Electronics, Yihua Cables and Amorsino Electronics are all with good industrial quality and will promote the industrial development of the Zhonglou Economic Development Zone.
On March 1, the signing ceremony for 29 key projects was held in Wujin district. With a total investment of 18.95 billion yuan, there projects are involved in advanced manufacturing, medical health, smart cars and modern service industries. City leaders Ding Chun, Liang Yibo and Li Lin attended the event.
Mayor Ding Chun said that he hopes Wujin will do a good job in project introduction at a higher starting point, promote the construction at a higher level, optimize the business environment with higher standards, and ensure high-efficiency launching, construction and production of these projects. It is hoped that the project investors will take root in Changzhou, establish high goals, continue to work hard and introduce more strategic partners into Changzhou.
This year, Wujin will focus on the high-end, intelligent, green, service-oriented and brand-building industrial development, in order to foster Wujin’s top 300 intelligent manufacturing companies and improve the comprehensive evaluation system for resource intensity of industrial enterprises.
Recently, Hanoi started to develop smart city with the goal of building an e-government. The Hanoi People's Committee has oriented the establishment of a comprehensive and synchronous information technology system for general use throughout the city.
The exchange of activities of international cooperation in the field of information technology in Hanoi has been promoted. The city’s leaders have actively worked with foreign businesses to build the country’s largest data center complexes in Hanoi, including six data center complexes.
Besides, Hanoi’s authority has exchanged experience with the world’s leading IT corporations, signed cooperation agreements with Microsoft Corporation, Dell Technology Group on building e-government and smart city.
Transit Oriented Development is a type of community development, where there are vibrant, walk able and bike able mixed-use neighbourhoods; neighbourhoods that have a good mix of housing, office, retail shops and/or other amenities located within a kilometre of quality public transportation.
ToD is a sustainable practice. Research by Portland Metro has shown that the residents of neighbourhoods with good transit access and mixed-use development use their cars 29 percent less than in suburban neighbourhoods. This is primarily because ToD makes public transport accessible, inducing a reduction in traffic and congestion.
This means lesser air pollution and greenhouse gas emissions. Neighbourhoods are safer because there are more people on the street and more “eyes on the street.”
Source: Citizen Matters - http://citizenmatters.in/transit-oriented-development-cities-metro-bus-public-transport-10109
UN17 Village will house 830 people, including around 175 children and 100 older residents. Five housing blocks will be built using recycled concrete, wood and glass. Some of the construction materials will be sourced from Lendager UP, the branch of Lendager that provides upcycled building materials, and the company will also use various subcontractors.
Construction is due to begin at the end of 2019, or early 2020, depending on the weather, and the work is scheduled to be completed in 2023.
It seems fitting that this innovative project is going ahead in Copenhagen. The Danish capital was the 2014 European Green Capital and aims to become carbon neutral by 2025.
The UNESCO Institute for Lifelong Learning (UIL) announced that the winners of the 2019 UNESCO Learning City Award are: Aswan (Egypt), Chengdu (China), Heraklion (Greece), Ibadan (Nigeria), Medellín (Colombia), Melitopol (Ukraine), Petaling Jaya (Malaysia), Santiago (Mexico), Seodaemun-gu (Republic of Korea), and Sønderborg (Denmark). According to the Learning City Award Jury, these cities have shown exemplary progress and commitment to promote education and lifelong learning at the local level.
Source: Modern Diplomacy - https://moderndiplomacy.eu/2019/02/04/learning-cities-award-winners/
Beijing has renewed its push to achieve President Xi Jinping’s ambitious plan to create a new metropolis in an industrial and environmental backwater after a two-year lull filled with uncertainty and criticism. Pundits said the combination of the document and the visit sent a strong signal that despite widespread doubts about the soundness of the mega project and lack of progress on it, Xi had no intention of reconsidering his plan or further delaying its development.
Source: Source: South China Morning Post - https://www.scmp.com/news/china/article/2183804/xi-jinping-visits-xiongan-new-area-show-impatience-lack-progress-future
The United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) on Friday announced that the Brazilian city of Rio de Janeiro will be the World Capital of Architecture for 2020.
Having defeated Paris and Melbourne, Rio will be the first city to receive the title under a program launched together by UNESCO and the International Union of Architects (UIA) in November 2018. The city will host the World Congress of UIA, an event that occurs every three years, in July 2020.
Source: Xinhuanet - http://www.xinhuanet.com/english/2019-01/19/c_137756961.htm
The UN Department of Economic and Social Affairs (UN DESA) predicts that future increases in the world’s urban population will be concentrated in just a few countries. India, China and Nigeria are together expected to account for 35% of the projected growth in the world’s urban population until 2050; of these three, the absolute growth in urban population is projected to be the highest in India. In terms of sheer numbers, the largest urban transformation of the 21st century is thus happening in India, and the Indian real estate and infrastructure industry is a key contributor to this growth.
Source: World Economic Forum - https://www.weforum.org/agenda/2019/01/india-urbanization-why-the-world-should-watch/
As urban areas expand, the old central business district model becomes less, well, central. Many global cities are designing additional districts outside the city center as a means to attract emerging business and new residents. Madrid, for instance, hopes to entice companies leaving post-Brexit London to relocate to its Madrid New North project. Singapore, meanwhile, is planning a second central business district called the Jurong Lake District. An 890-acre mixed-use development located near the country’s newly consolidated container port operations, it is primed to capitalize on a future Kuala Lumpur–Singapore high-speed rail system.
Source: Architect Magazine - https://www.architectmagazine.com/design/future-proofing-the-smart-city_o
The first "International Forum on Future Cities Planning Construction and Governance", a sub-forum under the Xixian New Area International Forum on Models of Innovative Urban Development, kicked off on October 13 in the central Chinese city of Xi'an. Shi Nan, Vice President and Secretary General of the Urban Planning Society of China, was invited to attend and address the forum.
Shi Nan said in an interview with CRI Online Shaanxi that the Xi'an municipal Party committee and municipal government have always considered urban planning a top priority and implemented sound and carefully deliberated plans since the very beginning of the founding of the People's Republic. Particular emphasis has been placed on the improvement and balancing of different public resources towards industry development, residential space, education, other public services and the multitude of needs of local residents.
In addition, as a historic city that has kept its traditions alive while being modernized, Xi'an has always leveraged its rich cultural assets as a driver and crucial ingredient of urban development. In the past two years, Xi 'an has also attached great importance to environmental and ecological protection. The city has outperformed its peers nationwide in the field of urban development planning.
Since the 18th CPC National Congress, Liuzhou has accelerated the pace of new-type urbanization construction, and has taken a road of new-type urbanization construction with local characteristics -- city-industry integration.
In particular, Liuzhou City constantly strengthens the infrastructure construction of the parks, and allocates special funds to support the infrastructure construction of the parks every year. By the end of October 2018, the industrial output value of the parks in the whole city was 217.24 billion yuan, and the total economic output of the parks accounted for 54.4% of that in the city. Liudong New District became the first development zone with the output value exceeding 100 billion yuan in Guangxi, and Hexi Industrial Park became the eighth autonomous-regional-level high-tech industrial development zone in Guangxi. The parks consisted of industries, and then led to the rise of new urban areas, brought about the upgrading of various kinds of infrastructure, promoted the integration of urban comprehensive service functions for the development of industry, and formed a good mechanism of promoting the city by the industry.
In 2018 by enthusiastically responding to the call of the central, provincial and Zhuzhou city governments on pan-territory tourism and thoroughly implementing the relevant arrangements of the municipal party committee and the municipal people's government, the Environmental Protection Bureau of Liling City took close following-up of the requirement of “improving the quality of the ecological environment” as its main priority. It carried out the environmental impact assessment, enforced environmental supervision and pollution governance, vigorously promoted the construction of ecological civilization, comprehensively fought the battle against pollution, and laid a solid environmental foundation for promoting the development of pan-territory tourism.
It comprehensively put efforts and made breakthroughs to promote the development of pan-territory tourism.
(1) Accelerate industrial transformation and upgrading. It accelerated the pace for closure and elimination of “non-conformity, polluting and land-law-violating” enterprises; and promoted to construct a papermaker-clustering area for which it determined the Tiehekou of Chashan Town as the destination site. In addition, it wrote a “feasibility study report on the project of constructing a clustering area for the ceramic and firework industries in Liling City”, and strove to relocate paper enterprises into the paper maker clustering area as soon as possible.
(2) Enforce the pollution prevention and control. Always adhering to the idealism and working attitude of “good environment is the people’s wellbeing, green mountains are enjoyable beauties, and blue sky is also a happy thing”, it comprehensively promotes the prevention and control of atmospheric, water and soil pollution, continuously reduces the existing pollutions, and promotes to improve ecological environment quality, striving to write a new chapter in the green development of Liling.
(3) Shed green light to the unimpeded tourism projects in terms of project EIA. It vigorously supports for creating conditions for the planned construction of tourism projects, and carry out the service spirit to earnestly provide services throughout the whole process of project construction. First, it implemented the project preview mechanism that is to make itself get ready to provide advance services; second, enhanced the guidance and coordination roles for the projects, and implemented tracking services; third, optimized the project approval mechanism, including implementation of “All-in-one notification”, “one-stop service”, and the standardized window-type management of “One-stop Approval”; and the fourth is to shorten the time limit and procedures for EIA review and approval to maximize early approval and early construction of the projects in the city.
(4) Fully cooperate with the model-creation mission. It conscientiously implemented the requirements for better environment creation assigned by the municipal party committee and the municipal people’s government, and formed an execution pattern where the top leader takes the leading role, deputies take the charge of specific implementations, task forces organize to implement, departments coordinate, and all walks of people broadly participate in, so that to implement the mission of creation of a national sanitary city, a national garden city, and a provincial model city.
On December 24, Zhuhai Municipal Government and Ping An Group signed a “Smart Zhuhai” Framework of Cooperation (FoC). The two parties will focus on the construction of a new smart city in Zhuhai, and carry out the cooperation in fields of urban governance, governance improvement, public services, optimization of talent structure, digital economy, industrial upgrading, etc. Mr. Yao Yusheng, Mayor and Deputy Secretary of the Municipal Party Committee, and Mr. XieYonglin, Co-CEO of Ping An Group and Chairman of Ping An Bank, witnessed the signing ceremony. Mr. Lu Xiaofeng, Deputy Mayor, and Mr. ZhuangXiaodong, Chairman of Ping An Group’s Urban Construction Technology Co., Ltd. signed the agreement on behalf of the two parties.
According to the agreement, by adhering to the principle of mutual benefit, common development and steady advancement, based on the overall planning of the smart city in Zhuhai and the overall framework of “four beams and eight pillars”, and by using Ping An Group’s professional advantages of “finance + technology + ecology” and high-quality resources, the two parties will constantly explore new ways of innovative services in terms of political party building, government affairs, finance, urban construction, public safety, life convenience service, transportation, education, pension, medical care, environmental protection, ports and industrial promotion, to achieve “optimization of the government by scientific and technological excellence, enhancement of the economy through digitalization, and introduction of talents”, build Zhuhai into a China model of “digital governing benchmark, a model city in the Great Bay Area, an innovative development highland, and a smart city in the Greater Bay Area between Guangdong, Hong Kong and Macau”, and eventually a “world-class smart city”.
Ping An Group is one of the top-three financial consortiums in China. With the “smart, intelligent and knowledge” as its core concept and relying on its core technologies of artificial intelligence, intelligent cognition, block chain and cloud, Ping An Smart City has created a “1+N” smart-city platform system which focuses on Smart City Life, governance affairs and other service areas that are closely related to social life and industries.
Recently, the Wharton Economic Institute released the list of 2018 China’s Top 100 Cities. Changzhou ranked 29th with a comprehensive score of 53.30. Its total score of economic indicators is 49.45, ranking 22nd; and the soft economic indicators totaled 59.54, ranking 41st.
The top 100 cities are rated by their GDPs and selected according to the comprehensive scores of economic indicators (61.8%) and soft economic indicators (38.2%). The economic indicators include GDP and household savings, while soft economic indicators include the environment, science, education, culture and health.
The Warton Economic Institute (WEI), formerly known as the Shanghai Institute of Economic Development, which was established in 1988, is the first in China to provide a comprehensive, integrated approach to macroeconomic, regional economy and enterprise development. Sexual research advisory body, is the famous economic think tank. Over the past two decades, the Institute has planned and contributed to a series of major projects related to national strategy, regional development and business growth, and made outstanding contributions to promoting China's economic reform and development.
A rising number of educated urbanites in China are choosing to wave goodbye to city life and head back to the land.
Last year the Ministry of Agriculture announced that seven million people had returned to the countryside from cities.
The modernization of farming in China is on the government's agenda. In March, President Xi Jinping said more effort should be made to encourage talented university graduates and overseas returnees to move to rural areas to revitalize them and boost innovation.
Source: Business Insider - https://www.businessinsider.com/chinas-phds-and-mbas-are-giving-up-city-life-for-farming-2018-12/?IR=T
On the morning of December 13 Weihai City’s private entrepreneurs’ seminar of “Making Achievements in the New Era” was organized and was centered on the topic of economic transformation. Ms. Yang Li, deputy mayor, presided over the seminar and made a report on the opening-up of the city.
Yang pointed out in the report that Weihai is one of the first coastal open citys in China and is also the closest city from China to South Korea. Since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, Weihai has actively participated in the China-South Korea Free Trade Area negotiations and strived to create a pilot city for innovation and development of the country’s service trade. The city’s openness to the outside world has been continuously expanded and the level of opening up has been significantly improved. Entering the new era, Weihai is moving from an opening-up city to an international city. To promote the city’s internationalization strategy, Weihai has established the Mayor’s International Economic Advisory Committee, and drafted an implementation plan for the city’s internationalization strategy, to integrate its international visions, ideas and standards into the city’s various tasks. In the next step, Weihai will be more proactive in implementing a comprehensive opening-up strategy, attracting domestic and foreign capitals and technologies, and making more efficient use of the home and SK markets and their resources. It will be based on the opening up to promote reform and innovation, promote structural adjustment, expand development space, and comprehensively build new advantages in the opening up by seeking first-comer’s advantage in building the new “highland” in opening up to the outside world.
Hamburg ranks 17th on the Sustainable Cities Index 2018 compiled by Arcadis, a global planning and consulting firm. Good networking and effective CO2 reduction measures won over the experts. Arcadis had compared the urban plans of 100 cities to achieve sustainable growth and their success. Last year, Hamburg ranked 20th on the index.
Hamburg seventh in the sub index “planet”
Hamburg performed particularly well in the “planet” category, which includes sub-items such as energy consumption, CO2 reduction and the promotion of clean mobility. A compliance rate of 74 per cent was achieved. The Hanseatic League had won over experts with good waste and water management as well as promoting renewable energies. Hamburg scored above average in terms of measures to reduce greenhouse gases and achieve clean, unpolluted air.
Source: Hamburg News
As part of the Global South-South Development Expo 2018, the United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO) convened a thematic solution forum on sustainable urban-industrial development along the Belt and Road.
The forum, building on the outcomes of UNIDO’s flagship BRIDGE for Cities event, focused on how green growth and sustainable cities can be promoted through South-South and Triangular cooperation. It was attended by a high-level audience consisting of representatives from Member States, UN agencies, development finance institutions and the private sector, as well as from civil society and academia.
Source: Modern Diplomacy
On November 27th, the Urban and Rural Planning Committee of Luoyang City held the 12th meeting in 2018, where it essentially adopted the “Special Planning of Ventilation Corridor in Luoyang City”, “Special Plan of Luoyang City for Implementation of the Car Parking Lot”, “Guidelines for Designing Green Space in Luoyang City” and “Guidelines for Placement of Outdoor Advertising Plaque in Luoyang City” etc. Mr. Liu Yangkang, mayor of Luoyang and director of the Municipal Planning Commission, presided over the meeting. Mr. Wang Yanjun, deputy director of the Municipal Planning Committee and other members of the Municipal Planning Commission, attended the meeting.
According to the plans, Luoyang will create a comprehensive urban ventilation corridor system to be deployed in “corridors, potential points, areas, Mt. passes and places with wind farm potentials” by opening the suburban air intakes, introducing natural winds on multiple sides, establishing a cold air generating area, establishing microcirculation in the city, and improving micro environment in the city downtown, so to effectively alleviate phenomenon of urban “heat islands”, regulate microclimate, improve ecological environment, and improve urban functions.
According to the special implementation plan of Luoyang City Parking Lots, 21 parking lots will be built based on carefully studying the city’s parking lot layout, city planning and downtown land use, and by using 3 modes i.e. three-dimensional parking garage, temporary ground parking lot and “underground parking + ground comprehensive development”. After completing the project, it can provide 6973 parking spots available for car parking. Among 21 parking lots, 18 will be available by the end of this year. They focus on solving the parking difficulties in the main business districts, schools, hospitals, government offices and scenic spots and other traffic-intensive areas in the central city, aiming to effectively help maintain the traffic order.
Turkey takes a step forward today to make its cities more sustainable, inclusive and well-planned, with a focus on adopting integrated and long-term approaches to city planning and development.
High level officials from the World Bank, the European Union, the Ministry of Environment and Urbanization and Iller Bank with local representatives from metropolitan municipalities convened at the launch event of the Sustainable Cities Program in Turkey.
With two-thirds of people expected to live in cities by 2050 and with urban areas accounting for 70 per cent of the emissions that are propelling the planet into a climate unknown, the challenge is both clear and urgent: cities must be reimagined.
In a report this year, the International Resource Panel said cities must be low-carbon, resource-efficient and socially just. The expert group, which was set up by UN Environment, said urban demand for resources could rise by 125 per cent by 2050 with at least 200 new cities expected to be built in Asia over the next 30 years.
Source: UN Environment - https://www.unenvironment.org/news-and-stories/story/cities-future-ultimate-design-challenge
On the afternoon of November 20, the 2018 Changzhou·Hong Kong Innovation and Cooperation Matchmaking Conference was held in Hong Kong. Yang Wenming, Vice Minister of Economic Affairs Department of the Liaison Office of the Central People's Government (CPGLO) in the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (HKSAR), Li Hua, Director of the Press and Public Relations Department of the Office of the Commissioner of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the People’s Republic of China in HKSAR, and nearly 100 representatives from Hong Kong Trade Development Council (HKTDC) and Hong Kong's well-known enterprises as well as financial, technology, and innovation institutions attended the event.
As of October this year, a total of 2,448 Hong Kong enterprises have invested in Changzhou, and the paid-up capital reached 19.535 billion US dollars, accounting for half of the materialized foreign capital in Changzhou. At present, Changzhou enterprises have invested in 141 projects in Hong Kong, with a cumulative investment of 2.46 billion US dollars.
China has escalated its fight against pollution, recently passing its first law addressing soil pollution prevention and control.
The Law on the Prevention and Control of Soil Pollution was passed on August 31, 2018 by the Standing Committee of the National People’s Congress (NPC), the country’s highest legislative body. Adopted after its third reading, the law takes effect on January 1, 2019.
The new soil pollution law fills a legal void, creating a comprehensive liability system for preventing and cleaning up soil pollution.
On November 15, 2018, the “International Forum of Financing Sustainable Buildings” took place in Chongqing. The event welcomed 150 attendees and was hosted by the Wuppertal Institute for Climate, Environment and Energy. The GIZ Sino-German Urbanization Partnership (SGUP) was excited to co-organize the event. As an organisation which was initiated by the aims to foster collaboration between Chinese and German parties on sustainable urbanisation objectives, SGUP believes that effective solutions can only be found by involving all stakeholders in the discussion. This scheme is overseen by the Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU) of the Federal Republic of Germany and the Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development (MoHURD) of the People’s Republic of China
In the last decade, the Chinese government has implemented multiple policies to promote sustainable buildings. Public financing particularly provides a major incentive for various actors to improve the potential of energy efficiency and green building. However, it is evident that subsidies alone cannot achieve China’s sustainable building initiative. Green financing channels and tools are also essential for attracting private investment to further fill the immense financial gaps. At the same time, green financing is becoming increasingly popular worldwide among both financial institutions and policymakers. Therefore, although the area of green financing has developed rapidly in China, the general building sector seems to have received far less attention than other sectors.
Data developed by Shi Yichen, the Dean of International Institute of Green Finance, Central University of Finance and Economics, presents further insights into China’s green finance situation. According to Shi, as of June 2017, the green credit balance of 21 major banks in China reached RMB 8.2 trillion (approximately EUR 1 trillion) . This indicates a year-on-year increase of 12.9%, accounting for 10% of the budget of various loans. Industrial financial institutions have developed policies to support green credit and established 50 categories of green credit. Shi offers a comprehensive explanation of green building investment and financing. According to him, the term should take into account a wide range of factors: impacts on social and economic resources, green technology and energy-saving of buildings and the potential benefits and risks of capital in investment and financing. He similarly states that ecological aspects of the building’s life cycle should be considered in financial accounting and decision-making. Similarly, economic behavior in the construction sector should also take a multi-disciplinary approach by recognizing environmental, social and economic issues in order to enhance the sector’s sustainable development.
The forum brought key players from China, Europe and international financial institutions together to discuss the challenges that green financing faces in supporting China's sustainable building development. These actors also highlighted opportunities for collaboration and potential solutions to the recognised challenges.
In his presentation, Professor Ding Yong of Chongqing University shed light on the relevant required technology as well as a cost-benefit analysis of energy-saving renovation of existing public buildings in Chongqing. According to his research, investment for renovating both school and office buildings in Chongqing remains low, but the investment recovery period is the highest when financial subsidies are not considered. It is believed that these two types of buildings do not attract high investment because of they are actively used for relatively brief periods. For example, school buildings are closed for vacation during the summer – a season when other buildings are at their peak of using air-conditioners. Therefore, school buildings save less energy through their air conditioning systems than other types of buildings each year, so the investment recovery period is longer than in other types of buildings. This indicates that school buildings have a large demand for financial subsidies. Nonetheless, after the renovation, the average energy consumption of each type of building decreased significantly, with a drop of roughly 24%.
About SWITCH ASIA-II – Promoting Sustainable Building Mainstreaming in Western China
- To further sustainable building practices in less developed regions of western China;
- To reduce climate and resource impacts of the building sector and to contribute to sustainable socio-economic growth in China.
- To foster sustainable building practices among Micro, Small and Medium Entreprises (MSME)s in Chongqing City and Yunnan province and further promote these practices in western China over 2016 to 2019.
China’s unprecedented socio-economic growth has triggered a vast expansion of the country’s building sector. As a result, since 1990, the energy consumption of buildings has increased by 40%. Furthermore, China’s building sector accounts for almost 30% of the country’s final energy consumption. Hence, enhancing energy-saving practices in the building sector represents a critical way to fulfil China’s ambitions of developing a resource efficient and low carbon pathway. In fact, the Chinese government aims that 50% of the country’s new constructions will meet green building standards by 2020. At present, it is estimated that only 10% of new construction projects currently reach this standard. Out of these mentioned 10% of construction projects, a large majority (about 90%) are located in the more developed eastern part of China. In contrast, the expansion of sustainable buildings in western parts of the country, such as Chongqing and Yunnan Province, remains still in the early stages.
The Project Consortium:
- Environment and Energy (WI)
- China Association of Building Energy Efficiency (CABEE)
- Chongqing Association of Building Energy Efficiency (CQBEEA)
- Yunnan Development Centre for Building Technology (YNBTDC)
- Beijing University of Civil Engineering and Architecture (BUCEA)
- Yunnan Engineering Quality Supervision Management Centre (YNEQS)
- Chongqing Economic Promotional Centre for Building Material Industry (CEPCBM)
- Bank of Chongqing (BOC)
- Ministry of Housing and Urban & Rural Development (MoHURD)
- Yunnan Provincial Agency of Housing and Urban & Rural Development (YNHURD)
- Chongqing Municipal Agency of Housing and Urban & Rural Development
- Chongqing Banking Association (CQBA)
- Yunnan Banking Association (YNBA)
- Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH
- econet china I Germany Industry & Commerce Greater China
Cities consume more than half of the world’s energy and cause over 70% of global anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions. At this critical crossroads, it is essential to benefit from the creative and innovative power of cities in responding to these challenges and exploring the value of nature as a part of the solution in combatting climate change and its impacts.
The URBACT City Festival gave cities a unique chance to be in the limelight and exchange experiences. On the 13th of September 2018, Bologna (IT), Manchester (UK) and Stavanger (NO) presented their approaches to using the ground-breaking concept of nature-based solutions to respond to a range of challenges in their cities, and to meet national, as well as global sustainable development goals.
The first Mobility Circle gets underway on November 14, 2018 in Hamburg’s Curio-Haus and comes against the backdrop of the Mobility 2040 study. Commissioned by the ADAC and implemented by the Zukunftsinstitut, the study speaks of “upheavals similar to those after the invention of the car 125 years ago”.
Moreover, this Platform meant to promote exchange, inspiration and networking on future of mobility will include smart cities, electric and emission-free vehicles and shared services bringing together managers and specialists from the automotive industry, transport companies and start-ups as well as stakeholders from business, politics and society.
Source: Hamburg News
The Xixian New Area signed the Innovative Urban Development Economy Alliance Cooperation Agreement with the China Science Center of International Eurasian Academy of Sciences and two other organizations. According to the Agreement, the three premier think tanks will be tasked with providing intellectually rigorous and sound consultancy services for spurring the innovative and high-quality development of Xixian New Area.
In recent years, Xixian New Area has prioritized the fostering of a suitable environment for promoting innovation, entrepreneurship and the development of the new economy. Its constant and determined effort has given birth to the Western China Science & Technology Innovation Harbour Wisdom Uni-Town, Northwestern Polytechnical University UAV Industrial Base and other major technological and mass innovation platforms.
Looking ahead, Xixian New Area is seeking to further improving its business environment and striving to transform the area into an exemplar of innovation and entrepreneurship, a leading cluster of new economy businesses and a benchmark for innovative urban development along the routes of the Belt and Road.
One of Spain's busiest ports based in the city of Valencia has announced the creation of a "smart port" which will use blockchain and big data technologies. The news was revealed in a release published Wednesday, Oct. 3, on the port’s official website.
Jose Garcia De La Guia, who is responsible for implementing new technologies in the Port Authority of Valencia, explains that they see blockchain as a good option for improving logistics not only in Valencia, but in many international ports.
Blockchain is widely used by international ports to improve logistics. For instance, UK’s leading port operator will soon take part in pilot shipments using decentralised solutions, while Denmark has revealed its plans to implement blockchain for local ship registers.
Excess traffic, unmitigated pollution, a lack of green space: These problems aren’t unique to Barcelona. But the city’s answer is the creation of a Pedestrian Superblocks, a 40-acre/tic-tac-toe section of the street grid that the city has transformed into pedestrian-first environments has shot the Catalonian capital to the cutting edge of urban design since Mayor Ada Colau took office in 2015. Drawing inspiration from the city’s historic plan, Colau centered her transportation policy platform around wide-scale pedestrianization of the city, with the goal of reducing private car and moped use by 21 percent.
Source: City Lab
EC Link and ICLEI - Local Governments for Sustainability met in Beijing in order to strengthen their cooperation in light of their common interest to support local municipalities in developing green sustainable projects.
ICLEI is a leading global network of more than 1,500 cities, towns and regions committed to building a sustainable future. For the past 25 years, ICLEI has maintained that local action is at the center of global change. ICLEI multidisciplinary network continues to develop and apply practical strategies, tools and methodologies that bring about tangible local progress worldwide. ICLEI Network works collaboratively in more than 100 countries, leveraging local assets to address pressing urban challenges and impact over 25 percent of the global urban population by helping local municipalities to become sustainable, low-carbon, resilient, ecomobile, biodiverse, resource-efficient and productive.
EC Link and ICLEI agreed to work together enlarging and exchanging their network in order to provide better solutions to Chinese municipalities; moreover, both organization will cooperate in organizing events and projects in multiple sectors, such as green financing, circular economy, green consumption & public procurement, eco-mobility, low carbon urban planning.
China has about 500 smart city pilot projects, the highest in the world, according to a leading auditing and consulting firm.Over 1,000 smart city pilot projects are ready for or are under construction worldwide and China is home to about 500 of them, covering big and small cities, according to a report by Deloitte.
However, Chinese cities should improve their strategy, design, operations and maintenance in developing smart urban areas, along with technology and infrastructure, to ensure residents needs can be met efficiently and in a timely manner, Xinhua quoted the report as saying.
EC-Link Team met in Zhuhai the Centre Scientifique et Technique du Batement (CSTB). The Agency operates on behalf of French cities such as Grenoble and Nantes.
CSTB delegation was represented by Cristina Garcez – Urban Strategies Director; Daniela Belziti – Project Manager; Wu Dan – China Project Manager.
The meeting focused on the possible cooperation with CSTB in the frame of CNU activities on Sustainable Urban Planning and Green building sectors, also in light of the best practices presented by Cristina Garcez, Daniela Belziti and David Mangin, who attended EC-Link sub-forum held in the frame of Zhuhai International conference on Green building.
CSTB has great experience in France in the development sustainable urban plans; this experience has been already integrated developing successful cooperation with local cities such as Jingzhou, Qingyun, Jilin and Panshi. CSTB successful experience is based on taking into account each city’s history and needs and merging them also with specific social and economic aspects. Moreover, CSTB has been developing the Building Information Modeling (BIM); it supports the emergence of the «eco-districts» concept relying on multi-criteria KPIs systems in response to different aims and stakeholders’ strategies at both local and national levels; moreover, BIM could support the development of municipal eco-city label in Chinese cities.
It was agreed to strengthen communication among two Teams in the frame of a complete Training and CNU proposal. EC-Link will keep informed its Pilot cities (but not only) regarding future on-going activities.
Zhuhai – April 3rd, 2018
EC-Link Project and Zhuhai Municipality met in the view to strengthen their cooperation within Project’s activities. EC-Link and Hefei municipality have a long lasting cooperation that was expressed in the co-organization of the International Inter-City Lab held in Zhuhai in 2017.
Zhuhai Delegation was led by Mr. Zhaohui Wang, Director of Zhuhai Housing & Urban-Rural Development Bureau, together with Qiancong Peng, Director of Zhuhai Urban-Rural Planning & Information Center; Zhentao Zhang, Vice-Director of Zhuhai Urban-Rural Planning & Information Center; Meng Zhou, Vice-Director of Zhuhai Urban-Rural Planning & Information Center; Zhiming Xu, Director of Zhuhai Municipal Building Energy-Saving Office; Guan Liu, Director of Zhuhai Architecture Design & Research Institute.
Director Wang first of all expressed the importance of the on-going cooperation with EC-Link Project and the willingness to strengthen it in upcoming months. More specifically, he stressed that the dialogue could be based on multiple aspects:
- Green building sector for sustainable urban development
- Land reclamation & harbour city development
- Sponge city & resilient city
- Low carbon urban planning
- Flood prevention for planning & building regulations
EC-Link and Zhuhai agreed to organize a series of training events to be held in May and June, 2018. The training events will see the participation of International stakeholders and experts; at the moment is confirmed that European cities of Valencia (Spain), Bologna (Italy) and Rotterdam (Netherland) will send their delegations to Zhuhai in light of EC-Link “City Network Unit” activity meant to facilitate the dialogue and fruitful cooperation among European and Chinese municipalities.
Since 2010, the European Green Capital scheme run by the European Commission has been doing just that, with cities all over Europe vying to be awarded the title of “European Green Capital”. Sweden’s Stockholm won the inaugural title, followed by Hamburg in Germany; Vitoria-Gasteiz in Spain; Nantes in France, Copenhagen in Denmark; Bristol in the UK; Ljubljana in Slovenia and Essen in Germany which picked up the accolade last year.
For 2018, the city of Nijmegen picks up the mantle becoming, rather surprisingly given the cycle-friendly nature of the country, the Netherlands’ first Green Capital. Situated in the East of the country near to the German border, the city will use the next 12 months acting as a role model for sustainable urban development, sharing and promoting best practices that have been tried and tested there.
Source: Sustainable Brands
Rotterdam opened its doors for Europe and the rest of the world. Additionally, the residents are only happy to be a part of the experiments. It’s pretty impressive how Rotterdam has turned the tables from being known as the home of crime to being more inventive in sustainability compared to other cities 10 times as large.
There are several experiments that are conducted worldwide aimed at developing sustainable urban designs. Currently, Rotterdam stands as one of world’s most sustainable cities. The city loves playing with new ideas. It is fast rising as a sustainable design capital and is a home of dozen experimental projects; moreover by the year 2020, all houses in Rotterdam are set to have carbon neutrality according to law.
Bologna, like many Southern European cities, is facing drought, extreme temperatures and water scarcity as a result of climate change. With no national or regional adaptation action plan still in place, the city of Bologna took it upon themselves to draft an Adaptation Plan to Climate Change. The plan, which was approved by the City Council on October 2015, focuses on the development of innovative, concrete measures that could be tested locally. These measures were developed as part of the LIFE+ project BLUE AP (Bologna Local Urban Environment Adaptation Plan for a Resilient City).
The Strategic Plan for Internal Sustainability for the Department of Urban Ecology 2015-2022 (PESI GEU) is the strategic instrument that translates the principle objectives of the Government, the 2012-2022 Citizen Commitment and the Plans from different sectors into concrete actions that make our values a reality. It serves to drive the transition towards a sustainable city and an economy that's respectful of the environment and social rights. PESI GEU defines the internal actions that the Department of Urban Ecology has to bring about in order to incorporate environmental and social sustainability in its different sectors in a gradual, transversal and participative manner.
The Urban Mobility Plan of Barcelona 2013-2018 attempts to lay down guidelines in matters of mobility for the city of Barcelona in the coming years, with a clear focus on sustainability.
The principal objective of the Plan is to achieve the implementation of Superblocks with a level of traffic network saturation similar to the present. For this purpose, alternative transportation will be better implemented (new orthogonal bus and bicycle networks, carpool and pedestrian lanes, etc.), and restrictive measures will be placed on private vehicles, such as an increase in the price of metered parking.
Source: BCN Ecologica
The city of Berlin is experiencing rapid transformation growth that represents both opportunities and challenges for urban development planning. In managing growth, the city administration is committed to a culture of participation to ensure Berlin continues to be a sustainable and cosmopolitan metropolis.
The Berlin Strategy outlines eight priorities that will determine Berlin’s medium- to long-term development opportunities and gives an overview of actions the city will undertake in order to effectively respond to present and future challenges. Additionally, ten transformation areas have been identified and set geographical priorities to provide a tangible framework for implementing the Strategy at community level.
Valencia is decidedly committed to innovation and sustainability as the basis of a new model of global social development that respects both people and the environment.
In order to achieve these goals, several strategies, which are aligned with European objectives, were launched during the last years. They are being improved by means of targeting more ambitious results in terms of urban and social innovation, both of which allowed Valencia to become a European frontrunner for Smart Cities and sustainable development.
Under the MAtchUp program, Valencia will develop a total of 52 innovative actions in regard to energy, mobility and ICT in various neighbourhoods.