EC-Link Project has been developing a series of research papers focusing on the Belt and Road Initiative, this one focusing towards the importance of Sustainable Transport within BRI.
Indeed, the Chinese driven Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) has the potential to strongly alter transportation in cities along the BRI corridors. By investing billions of dollars in BRI countries China hopes to accelerate physical and digital connectivity between China and the BRI countries for improved economic activity. As a consequence, many BRI cities, as the nexus of economic activity, will experience new developments in urban transportation, caused by more demand for urban transportation and more investment in urban transportation.
With emissions from transportation contributing up to 40% of total emissions in 2018, BRI-related investments, however, risk to further increase both freight and passenger transport related emissions.
To avoid this development path and achieve strategic and tactical cooperation on developing green urban transport systems in BRI cities European and Chinese cooperation plays a particularly significant role: firstly, BRI cities lie at the heart of both Chinese and European interests as most BRI corridors connect Asia and Europe; secondly, transport technologies and transport-related industries are highly relevant for Chinese and European economies; thirdly, fighting climate change through improved and greener transport is in the core interest of the European and Chinese stakeholders.
The challenge in realizing these relatively obvious cooperation pathways are the complex dynamics in the development of sustainable urban transport within BRI.
The research paper can be easily downloaded on EC-Link website: