Bologna is the capital and largest city of the Emilia-Romagna Region in Northern Italy. It is the seventh most populous city in Italy, at the heart of a metropolitan area of about one million people. Bologna is an important agricultural, industrial, financial and transport hub, where many large mechanical, electronic and food companies have their headquarters as well as one of the largest permanent trade fairs in Europe.
Bologna Promoting Culture and Citizens’ Involvement In Sustainable Urban Development
As the capital of the Emilia Romagna Region, Bologna has plenty of experience in developing climate and sustainable energy action plans, being an active member of the European Covenant of Mayors since 2008. Over the years, the city has been aiming to incentivise citizens to become active and responsible stakeholders for the sustainable development of their own neighbourhoods. Through its involvement in the Urban-LEDS II project and the city network ICLEI – Local Governments of Sustainability, Bologna has shared its experience in bringing on board the public when delivering on its climate action and sustainable energy action plan (SEAP) with its international city peers.
Bologna New Urban Structure Planning
Located in northern Italy, Bologna is the capital of Emilia-Romagna province. It is one of the oldest cities in Italy and has a rich history and experience of urban planning. In July 2007, Bologna cancelled its original land-use-oriented regional spatial planning. It approved a new planning system that is composed of the Urban Structure Planning (PSC: Piano Strutturale Communale), Urban Planning and Construction Regulations (RUE: Regolamento Urbanistico Edilizo) and Urban Action Plan (POC: Piano Operativo Comunale).
In this system, the Urban Structure Planning will analyze the process of urban development and spatial extension, propose development strategies that can be coordinated with other cities, and specify physical spaces for these development strategies. The Urban Planning and Construction Regulations proposes a series of rules for urban development, to connect and integrate different “urban elements” (building units, open spaces, etc.) and urban segments. The Urban Action Plan organizes to implement relevant projects and formulate policies based on the formulated strategy and developmental priorities proposed in the Urban Structural Planning.
How to Design And Co-Create Greener Cities?
Cities consume more than half of the world’s energy and cause over 70% of global anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions. At this critical crossroads, it is essential to benefit from the creative and innovative power of cities in responding to these challenges and exploring the value of nature as a part of the solution in combatting climate change and its impacts.
The URBACT City Festival gave cities a unique chance to be in the limelight and exchange experiences. On the 13th of September 2018, Bologna (IT), Manchester (UK) and Stavanger (NO) presented their approaches to using the ground-breaking concept of nature-based solutions to respond to a range of challenges in their cities, and to meet national, as well as global sustainable development goals.
Separate Waste Collection in Bologna's City Centre
During 2016, Hera continued to implement the city centre separate waste collection project, consisting in the construction of mini underground drop-off points for glass and organic waste, and simultaneously starting door-to-door separate waste collection district by district, and other collateral actions such as custom collection for businesses, separately collecting crates (wood and plastic), plastic packaging, paper non-separated waste and to upgrade existing underground drop-off points for disposal of cardboard and non-separated waste.
Source: Hera Group
Green Area Inner-City Agreement to Finance Tree Planting in Bologna
Bologna, like many Southern European cities, is facing drought, extreme temperatures and water scarcity as a result of climate change. With no national or regional adaptation action plan still in place, the city of Bologna took it upon themselves to draft an Adaptation Plan to Climate Change. The plan, which was approved by the City Council on October 2015, focuses on the development of innovative, concrete measures that could be tested locally. These measures were developed as part of the LIFE+ project BLUE AP (Bologna Local Urban Environment Adaptation Plan for a Resilient City).
Guidelines on Investment & Financing for Green Buildings
Green building investment and financing refers to the investment and financing behavior in the field of green building.
The green funding gap for green building construction in China is still large. To fill it, statistics predict that CNY 3 to 4 trillion worth of yearly investments are needed for the whole period of the 13th Five-Year Plan (2016-2020). According to prediction, of the total needed investment, only the 10% to 15% can come from the government, the rest is made of social capital. Therefore, it is necessary to effectively mobilize private capitals into the field of green building.
In the top-level design of green finance in China, there is a lack of docking schemes for green buildings, albeit efforts have been made in this regard. In August 2016, seven ministries and commissions, including the People's Bank of China, jointly issued the “Guidelines on Building a Green Financial System”, a blueprint for China's green financial development plan. However, they did not clearly point out the specific financing, financing methods and implementation methods of green finance for green buildings.
In summary, China's green building investment and financing sector urgently needs to set clear guidelines to ensure the green development of China's urban and rural construction to achieve the overall development goals of 2050.
The guideline aims to consider all the aspects of the green building financing, from the technical side (use of green technology and energy-saving effects) to the potential benefits and capital risks connected with the investments.
The objective is to embed ecological and environmental considerations (from financial to social externalizations) in the decision making process of the operators from the construction sectors.
Urban Development and Growing International Trade Within the BRI
The growth in international trade and investments around the EU Trans European Network -Transport (TEN-T) policy and the Chinese Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) is leading to increasing transport volumes between China and the EU. Cities are the key nodes in these growing national, regional and intercontinental transport networks and should contribute to and benefit from the increased trade.
However, without proper planning and management, those urban nodes can become blockages in national and international transport flows. Local congestion around hubs and terminals can lead to reduced network efficiency and increased levels of local air pollution.
Chinese cities have an opportunity to plan the development of safe, clean and affordable transportation systems. The impact that such development can bring in terms of economic opportunities, human wellbeing, and climate change are determined by the choices city leaders make today: a sustainable urban/spatial hub development will be part of “resilient cities” with logistic hubs as part of the urban structures.
The proposed Project is designed to bring together Chinese and European Cities (such as Hamburg, Barcelona, Gothenburg) along key trade routes to work together to optimize their leading roles as national, regional and international hubs.
The EU and China together can define a model of rising trade and prosperity combined with healthy cities. To this aim, Europe and China need to work together to maximize the benefits of trade while minimizing potential negative impacts on cities.
Bologna Smart City Project
Developing innovative solutions to urban and social problems, making technologies available to the local community. Bologna responds to the Smart City challenge with a strategic alliance between the world of research, business and public administration aiming to pool resources, talents and ideas to make the city more environmentally sustainable, reduce costs, avoid energy waste, improve the general quality of life, guarantee social inclusion and the right to participation, education and health, promoting culture as a means for the growth and economic development of the community. This is the strategic vision of the Bologna Smart City project.
Source: University of Bologna
Bologna Local Urban Environment Adaptation Plan
The Bologna Local Urban Environment Adaptation Plan for a Resilient City (BLUEAP) is Bologna’s strategy to address the challenges of climate change in its city. BLUEAP requires the involvementof both public and private stakeholders, and was cofounded by the EU under the LIFE+ initiative. The BLUEAP project has been made successful through the identification of vulnerabilities
relating to climate change, building of resilient communities and raising awareness amongst its stakeholders. The City of Bologna has designed the guidelines for the adaptation plan, so that
they can be adopted by similarly sized cities and the benefits realised beyond the city itself.
Source: European Commission
Urban Agriculture: Launch of The Unibo Susturbanfoods Project To Assess Sustainability
Urban gardens, community gardens or small companies, the number of urban farming areas is growing quickly. But what are the environmental and social benefits that these initiatives can bring to cities? To answer this question and improve the sustainability of urban food systems, the Research Centre in Urban Environment for Agriculture and Biodiversity at Alma Mater University of Bologna has launched the study SustUrbanFoods, funded in the context of the Marie Sklodowska-Curie Actions of the EU Programme for Research and Innovation Horizon 2020.
Source: Research Italy