Changzhou is located in the south of Jiangsu Province, heartland of Yangtze River Delta. It is a cultural city with more than 3,200 years of history. Located in the north of Changzhou, Xinbei District is one of the city’s five boroughs. It covers a total area of 439 square kilometres, with three streets and six townships. The city has about 621,000 inhabitants. Xinbei District has a well-developed transportation network integrated with waterway, highway and airway. In 2013, the gross regional domestic product in Xinbei District reached 79.105 billion Yuan, a year-on-year increase of 12.0%. The general financial revenue was 19 billion Yuan, and commonality finance budget income was 8.349 billion Yuan, a year-on-year growth of 1.00%.
Changzhou Ranks 29th In the 2018 China's Top 100 Cities
Recently, the Wharton Economic Institute released the list of 2018 China’s Top 100 Cities. Changzhou ranked 29th with a comprehensive score of 53.30. Its total score of economic indicators is 49.45, ranking 22nd; and the soft economic indicators totaled 59.54, ranking 41st.
The top 100 cities are rated by their GDPs and selected according to the comprehensive scores of economic indicators (61.8%) and soft economic indicators (38.2%). The economic indicators include GDP and household savings, while soft economic indicators include the environment, science, education, culture and health.
The Warton Economic Institute (WEI), formerly known as the Shanghai Institute of Economic Development, which was established in 1988, is the first in China to provide a comprehensive, integrated approach to macroeconomic, regional economy and enterprise development. Sexual research advisory body, is the famous economic think tank. Over the past two decades, the Institute has planned and contributed to a series of major projects related to national strategy, regional development and business growth, and made outstanding contributions to promoting China's economic reform and development.
2018 Changzhou-Hong Kong Innovation and Cooperation Matchmaking
On the afternoon of November 20, the 2018 Changzhou·Hong Kong Innovation and Cooperation Matchmaking Conference was held in Hong Kong. Yang Wenming, Vice Minister of Economic Affairs Department of the Liaison Office of the Central People's Government (CPGLO) in the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (HKSAR), Li Hua, Director of the Press and Public Relations Department of the Office of the Commissioner of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the People’s Republic of China in HKSAR, and nearly 100 representatives from Hong Kong Trade Development Council (HKTDC) and Hong Kong's well-known enterprises as well as financial, technology, and innovation institutions attended the event.
As of October this year, a total of 2,448 Hong Kong enterprises have invested in Changzhou, and the paid-up capital reached 19.535 billion US dollars, accounting for half of the materialized foreign capital in Changzhou. At present, Changzhou enterprises have invested in 141 projects in Hong Kong, with a cumulative investment of 2.46 billion US dollars.
Intercity Lab On Green Transport
The EC-Link pilot cities face similar challenges, yet each city takes diverse approaches and makes thus different experiences. Therefore INTERCITY LAB was established to create a knowledge community of municipalities and to share the insights gained from similar sustainable urban development projects.
Taking one of the cities’ current project as a case study, city representatives receive advise from their peers having similar experiences: the case clinic format enables municipalities to share different perspectives, while learning from what worked well and what did not work so well. To further bring in insight and suggestions to the cities, European experts are invited to comment and present best practices related to the case, from both the European context and the Chinese landscape.
The INTERCITY LAB in Changzhou last October focused on green transportation projects, with the morning session dedicated to transit-oriented transportation planning in Changzhou Xinbei District. In this session, Atlas Chan from Arup shared extensive know-how and experience in urban planning in China with a transit-oriented approach.
Weihai’s street car planning project and Liuzhou’s Bus Rapid Transit system were presented during the second half day. By working in groups and providing advise to these two cases, participants shared their experience and learned from peer practice, as well as gained valuable input from the various experts present, including Sun Shengyang, GIZ transportation and Liang Yuelin, expert from Siemens Mobility. Project financing mechanisms were also discussed with expertise brought in by Adolfo Guerrero and Zhang Yu from Cities Development Initiative for Asia.
Participants in this workshop included representatives from the various pilot cities at the working level, European experts and companies. Distinguished guests Dr. Hou Wenjun, Deputy Director of Department of Building Energy and Science & Technology of MoHURD, and Mr. Ji Xiaodong, Deputy Director of Changzhou Xinbei District City Administration and Construction Bureau delivered keynote speeches. This event was co-organized with the Changzhou Xinbei District City Administration and Construction Bureau.
EC-Link Pilot Cities Selected
Beijing, 9 March: The Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development (MoHURD) announced a list of pilot cities of the EC-Link project today, including: Zhuhai, Luoyang, Changzhou, Hefei, Qingdao, Weihai, Zhuzhou, Liuzhou, Guilin and Xixian.
With the support of EC-Link, pilot cities will develop projects in the fields of compact urban development, clean energy, green building, green transport, solid waste management, water management, municipal financing, urban regeneration and green industry. Through learning urbanization experience from Europe, the pilot cities will serve as models for China’s low-carbon ecological development.
China is experiencing rapid urbanization. Over the past 30 years, Chinese cities have achieved extraordinary economic growth. In 2014, the urbanization rate reached 54.77%, which greatly improved people’s living standard. However, rapid urbanization also brought huge pressure to energy supply, natural resources and the environment. China hence faces huge challenges in environment protection, energy efficiency and industrial transformation. It is therefore of high importance to explore a green, low-carbon and ecological development path.
In that connection, the EC-Link project will make a significant contribution to promoting a Xiaokang society, China’s new urbanization planning, energy saving and climate adaptation, as well as EU-China urbanization partnership. Today, Europe’s urbanization rate has reached 75%. Over the past 150 years, European countries experienced similar challenges: the great smog of 1952 in London killed over 5000 lives in a short span of one week; the air pollution in Ruhr made blue sky a distant dream for citizens…However, the blue sky and fresh air in Europe make it hard to imagine the polluted days in the past, which was only made possible through generations’ remarkable efforts. In this process, Europe has accumulated valuable experience and developed advanced technologies in the fields of urban planning, green transportation, green building, renewable energy and water management. Many European cities have become eco-city models such as Freiburg in Germany, Copenhagen in Demark and Malmo in Sweden.
EC-Link will bring in European experience, implement best practices in pilot projects, build a knowledge and policy sharing platform, improve city financing and PPP mechanisms and provide more opportunities for practical cooperation between China and Europe and technology transfer.
The project platform will be service-oriented, with the aim to provide comprehensive consultancy for low-carbon eco-city development, solutions and technical guidance. The project encourages and assists pilot cities to explore innovative financing mechanisms. The aim is to provide innovative financing experience for China’s new urbanization process.
The project has received high-level government endorsement in both Europe and China as a part of the EU-China Partnership on Urbanization, a broad political initiative promoting the development of adequate solutions for sustainable urban development. The technical assistance provided by EC-Link assists the Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development in shaping a national ecological and low-carbon framework, and helps Chinese municipalities with their own ecological, low-carbon urban development
Guidelines on Investment & Financing for Green Buildings
Green building investment and financing refers to the investment and financing behavior in the field of green building.
The green funding gap for green building construction in China is still large. To fill it, statistics predict that CNY 3 to 4 trillion worth of yearly investments are needed for the whole period of the 13th Five-Year Plan (2016-2020). According to prediction, of the total needed investment, only the 10% to 15% can come from the government, the rest is made of social capital. Therefore, it is necessary to effectively mobilize private capitals into the field of green building.
In the top-level design of green finance in China, there is a lack of docking schemes for green buildings, albeit efforts have been made in this regard. In August 2016, seven ministries and commissions, including the People's Bank of China, jointly issued the “Guidelines on Building a Green Financial System”, a blueprint for China's green financial development plan. However, they did not clearly point out the specific financing, financing methods and implementation methods of green finance for green buildings.
In summary, China's green building investment and financing sector urgently needs to set clear guidelines to ensure the green development of China's urban and rural construction to achieve the overall development goals of 2050.
The guideline aims to consider all the aspects of the green building financing, from the technical side (use of green technology and energy-saving effects) to the potential benefits and capital risks connected with the investments.
The objective is to embed ecological and environmental considerations (from financial to social externalizations) in the decision making process of the operators from the construction sectors.
Urban Development and Growing International Trade Within the BRI
The growth in international trade and investments around the EU Trans European Network -Transport (TEN-T) policy and the Chinese Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) is leading to increasing transport volumes between China and the EU. Cities are the key nodes in these growing national, regional and intercontinental transport networks and should contribute to and benefit from the increased trade.
However, without proper planning and management, those urban nodes can become blockages in national and international transport flows. Local congestion around hubs and terminals can lead to reduced network efficiency and increased levels of local air pollution.
Chinese cities have an opportunity to plan the development of safe, clean and affordable transportation systems. The impact that such development can bring in terms of economic opportunities, human wellbeing, and climate change are determined by the choices city leaders make today: a sustainable urban/spatial hub development will be part of “resilient cities” with logistic hubs as part of the urban structures.
The proposed Project is designed to bring together Chinese and European Cities (such as Hamburg, Barcelona, Gothenburg) along key trade routes to work together to optimize their leading roles as national, regional and international hubs.
The EU and China together can define a model of rising trade and prosperity combined with healthy cities. To this aim, Europe and China need to work together to maximize the benefits of trade while minimizing potential negative impacts on cities.
Xinbei Integrated Eco-city Planning
In order to encourage compact urban development and improve the percentage of land mix use, Changzhou Xinbei City Construction Bureau is leading the Xinbei integrated eco-city planning project at the Xinlongzhi international CBD. As of now, the Xinlongzhi International CBD Planning document has been completed. The goal of the project is to build a new city centre surrounding the high speed train station. The area will be a transport centre with administrative service, business offices, hotels, shopping and cultural functions.
The planned area occupies 168.83 ha, which is a core area of Xinlongzhi international CBD. It has Changzhou high speed train station to the south, Tianhe road to the north, Leshanlu water system to the west, and Changjiang road to the east.
Lead Agency: Xinbei municipal government
Implementation Agency: City Construction Bureau of Xinbei District
Implementing Partners: Changzhou City Planning and Design Institute
- Encourage compact urban development and improve the percentage of land mix use
- Create 100000 jobs
Sector Planning for Green Transportation
In order to increase the ratio of public transportation use and reduce energy loss, the City Construction Bureau of Xinbei District, Changhzou leads the implementation of the Special Planning of Green Building and Construction project.
Part of the funding has been used in drafting the planning, and a draft planning has been completed.
The project is expected to realize reasonable planning of public transport and to encourage public participation, so as to improve the ratio of public transportation use.
Lead Agency: City Construction Bureau of Xinbei District
Implementation Agency: Intelligent Transportation System Research Center of Southeast University
Partners: Intelligent Transportation System Research Centre of Southeast University.
- Green transportation rate reaches 75%.
- Urban public transportation rate reaches 28%.
- 77% of key areas should have bus stations accessible within a 300-meter radius.
- 50% of key areas have bicycles accessible within a 300-meter radius.
- New energy bus ratio reaches 40%.
- Smart transportation technology facilities coverage rate reaches 4 facilities per square kilometers
Sector Planning for Green Building
In order to conserve resources, protect the environment, and provide comfortable green buildings to the public, the City Construction Bureau of Xinbei District, Changzhou is leading the green building and construction sectoral plan.
It is expected that, by 2017:
All newly-built buildings will be green buildings, 50% of which are two-star green buildings or above.
The new green building demonstration project will cover an area of 3.0026 million square meters.
Complete the construction of green buildings which cover an area of 1.5481 million square meters.
Energy saving rate of newly-built buildings will reach 65%.
60% of green construction will reach national standards.
Lead agency：Xinbei City Construction Bureau, Changzhou
Implementing agency：Zhusen Green Construction Center
Implementing partner：Xinbei District Green Construction Promotion Center
- Ecological cities influence: By 2017, the proportion of newly-built green buildings will reach 100%, 50% of which are 2 stars green buildings or above. The new green building demonstration project will cover an area of 3.0026 million square meters. Complete the construction of green buildings which cover an area of 1.5481 million square meters. Energy saving rate of newly-built buildings will reach 65%. 60% of green construction will reach national standards.
- Beneficiaries：Local residents, designing institutes, property developers, construction units, and manufacturing enterprises.
- Assets Involved：land area of 439 square kilometers, 50 public buildings.