Luoyang is a city located in the confluence area of the River Luo and the Yellow River in the west of Henan province. Luoyang is an important local transportation hub and a modern industrial city with strong industrial foundation and outstanding scientific and technological strength. The city is also a major cultural center, and one of the nationally designated historical and cultural areas. Several institutions of higher education centers are located there, including the Henan University of Science and Technology.
Luoyang City Agreed the Acceptance of the Pilot Project of National Water Ecological Civilization City
In recent years, by taking the ride of national creation of the first pilot cities of water ecological civilization in the country, Luoyang City has integrated its construction of water ecological civilization to its “9+2” work plan and to its “four-river and three-channel simultaneous improvement”, urban parks construction, sponge city construction, and ancient capital civilization. In creating a civilized ecosystem, it established and improved the financing mechanism in which government plays a guidance role, locality plays as major players, market plays as transaction basis and the public actively participate in. The Xingluohu Park and the Demonstration Section within the Luohe water system comprehensive remediation program, etc. have been completed and put into use, and 83 projects including sewage interception and pollution control, water system connectivity, river/channel improvement, landscape enhancement and wetland protection have also been completed, forming a new pattern of “beautiful and regulated water system and ecological Luoyang”. The Acceptance Committee believes that with realization of “clear water, green shores, smooth roads and public benefits” as the overall goal and with the “four-river and three-channel simultaneous improvement” as the priority focus, Luoyang City has shown off its advanced concepts and reasonable layout, and achieved solid and remarkable and outstanding results. The acceptance committee unanimously agreed to accept the pilot project of Luoyang Water Ecological Civilization City.
Luoyang Municipal Urban and Rural Planning Committee Held the Twelfth Meeting in 2018
On November 27th, the Urban and Rural Planning Committee of Luoyang City held the 12th meeting in 2018, where it essentially adopted the “Special Planning of Ventilation Corridor in Luoyang City”, “Special Plan of Luoyang City for Implementation of the Car Parking Lot”, “Guidelines for Designing Green Space in Luoyang City” and “Guidelines for Placement of Outdoor Advertising Plaque in Luoyang City” etc. Mr. Liu Yangkang, mayor of Luoyang and director of the Municipal Planning Commission, presided over the meeting. Mr. Wang Yanjun, deputy director of the Municipal Planning Committee and other members of the Municipal Planning Commission, attended the meeting.
According to the plans, Luoyang will create a comprehensive urban ventilation corridor system to be deployed in “corridors, potential points, areas, Mt. passes and places with wind farm potentials” by opening the suburban air intakes, introducing natural winds on multiple sides, establishing a cold air generating area, establishing microcirculation in the city, and improving micro environment in the city downtown, so to effectively alleviate phenomenon of urban “heat islands”, regulate microclimate, improve ecological environment, and improve urban functions.
According to the special implementation plan of Luoyang City Parking Lots, 21 parking lots will be built based on carefully studying the city’s parking lot layout, city planning and downtown land use, and by using 3 modes i.e. three-dimensional parking garage, temporary ground parking lot and “underground parking + ground comprehensive development”. After completing the project, it can provide 6973 parking spots available for car parking. Among 21 parking lots, 18 will be available by the end of this year. They focus on solving the parking difficulties in the main business districts, schools, hospitals, government offices and scenic spots and other traffic-intensive areas in the central city, aiming to effectively help maintain the traffic order.
China Solid Waste Imports Plummet 56% in H1
China's imports of solid waste fell 56.3 percent in the first half of 2018, the result of tough new restrictions and a crackdown on smuggling. Total waste and scrap imports reached 9.98 million tonnes over the six month period. The government has sought to relinquish its role as the world's biggest recipient of waste as it bids to curb pollution and move up the global supply chain, and banned imports of 24 types of foreign waste, including plastics, at the beginning of this year, and it has also imposed tough quality restrictions on other recyclable materials, including scrap metal.
Read more at: http://www.asahi.com/ajw/articles/AJ201807140020.html
China Needs Nearly $150 Billion To Treat Severe River Pollution: Official
China will need more than 1 trillion yuan ($148 billion) to build a massive network of waste water pipelines to reduce heavy pollution in urban rivers, an environment ministry official said on Thursday.
Under a national water pollution action plan published in 2015, China’s cities are under pressure to cut what authorities call “black and stinky water” to less than 10 percent of rivers in urban areas by 2020.
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New Energy Market Reports Show Surge in Wind Energy
The European Commission’s latest reports on gas and electricity markets, which cover the last quarter of 2017, have just been published, containing a wide range of data about supply and usage of electricity and gas in the EU.
The electricity market report confirms that over the last few years electricity consumption in the EU has clearly been decoupled from economic growth. The EU’s GDP increased by almost 12% between 2010 and the end of 2017; over the same period, electricity consumption decreased by 4%. Moreover, in December 2017 more energy from wind was generated in the EU than ever before: 41 TWh (terawatt hours), equivalent to 16% of the EU’s electricity mix.
China Has Highest Number of Smart City Pilot Projects: Report
China has about 500 smart city pilot projects, the highest in the world, according to a leading auditing and consulting firm.Over 1,000 smart city pilot projects are ready for or are under construction worldwide and China is home to about 500 of them, covering big and small cities, according to a report by Deloitte.
However, Chinese cities should improve their strategy, design, operations and maintenance in developing smart urban areas, along with technology and infrastructure, to ensure residents needs can be met efficiently and in a timely manner, Xinhua quoted the report as saying.
China Reshapes Ministries to Better Protect Environment
Two new cabinet level ministries will be tasked with managing natural resources and fighting pollution. The cabinet level reorganisation is also seen as a step forward for the much-discussed concept of “ecological civilisation”. In 2012, at the 18th Party Congress, the need to build an ecological civilisation was elevated to an unprecedented level, highlighting the importance of environmental affairs to the Chinese leadership.
In 2015, a master plan for the reform of institutions and systems to realise ecological civilisation was promulgated. The plan listed a set of principles and objectives, and announced that by 2020, China should “complete institutional set-up in line with ecological civilisation.”
“Establishing the new ministries is one of the most concrete steps along the way of implementing the master plan,” Peng Yingdeng, former director of Beijing’s Atmospheric Environment Research Institute, told chinadialogue. “It lays the foundation for the creation of key pieces of policies, such as payment schemes for ecological services,” he added.
The set-up of the two new ministries embody those concepts. A core duty of the MNR is to serve as the ultimate “owner” of most of the country’s natural resources. To do that it will conduct census and surveys to ascertain the status and distribution of forests, wetlands and agricultural fields and assign proper values to those resources.
Water in the City
With population growth, urbanisation and economic development, the demand for freshwater in urban areas are increasing throughout Europe. At the same time, climate change and pollution are also affecting the availability of water for city residents. How can Europe's cities continue providing clean freshwater to their residents? There are three answers giving by European cities, one is paying for the water we use , the second is re-using rain and greywater, and the third is reducing the loss.
Achieving a more sustainable use of urban public water supplies requires not only the implementation of measures such as those outlined above, but also raising public awareness on water conservation issues.Various means are available to inform domestic, business and tourist water consumers, including websites, school education programmes, local authority leaflets and mass media. The eco-labelling of appliances and eco-certification of hotels, for example, can also play an important role in raising awareness by helping consumers make informed choices about water efficiency and conservation.
Climate Change: Investing in Low-Carbon Solutions and Adaptation
The European Union has put in place ambitious long-term goals on climate change mitigation, namely to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 80-95 % below 1990 levels by 2050. These goals are to be implemented in steps. Our recent report shows that in 2013 the EU reduced its domestic greenhouse gas emissions by 19 % compared to 1990 levels. The target of a 20 % reduction by 2020 is clearly within reach.
In October, the European Council endorsed EU climate and energy objectives for 2030. These include two binding targets for the EU: by 2030 greenhouse gas emissions will be reduced domestically by at least 40 % compared to 1990 levels, and the share of renewable energy consumed will be at least 27 %. The European Council also set an indicative target of improving energy efficiency by at least 27 % in 2030 compared to projections of ‘business as usual’ energy consumption. In addition, the climate and energy framework listed energy security, internal energy markets, and key infrastructure projects as areas for further action.
Achieving a 40 % emissions reduction by 2030 — and 80-95% reduction by 2050 in particular — will partly depend on the EU’s ability to channel sufficient amounts of public and private funds towards sustainable and innovative technology. Carbon prices and regulations are instrumental in steering investments towards climate-friendly innovations, in particular in the fields of renewable energy and energy efficiency.In some cases, funding decisions might also entail divesting from some sectors. Europe and the world cannot continue subsidising sustainable solutions while also providing subsidies to unsustainable ones such as fossil fuels. Structural changes to key systems, such as energy and transport, require long-term investments in our infrastructures.
Europe’s Environment: The Power of Data and Knowledge
Europe collects increasingly more data, enhancing our understanding of the environment. Earth observation data obtained through the European Union’s Copernicus programme presents new challenges and opportunities to improve our environmental knowledge. Combining up-to-date Copernicus data with our existing knowledge base, the European Environment Agency (EEA) aims to empower policy makers and citizens across Europe in taking measures to address local, national and global challenges.
The potential of what we can collectively achieve with these data is immense. By combining an increasing number of data sets, we are able to understand better what is happening where, why it is happening, and who will be affected by it and how. Imagine monitoring changes in water quantity in areas across Europe as detailed as 10 by 10 meters, or how the crop production will be affected in the short run and when factoring in the long-term impacts of climate change. Our Air Quality Index with up-to-the-minute data could be developed further to include accurate air quality projections with shifts in wind or other weather patterns factored in.
How Is China’s Overseas Energy Investment Impacting the Global South?
China has emerged as a major player in overseas development in recent years with mixed results for the environment and climate change.
It's provided huge sums of financing through the South-South Climate Cooperation Fund, a pledge of 20 billion yuan (US$3.1 billion) dedicated to helping developing countries mitigate and adapt to climate impacts through low-carbon projects and training.
The country is focusing its development ambitions through the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) – President Xi’s dream to build an interconnected infrastructure network for trade across Asia, Europe and Latin America. But there are concerns over the environmental footprint of BRI, which includes the financing of coal projects in less developed countries.
Foreign Investors are Getting Easier Access to China’s Booming Green Bond Market
China is now looking beyond its domestic market to continue the expansion of green bonds. It’s doing this because the country will need an estimated 3-4 trillion yuan in green investments annually in the coming years – meanwhile, international investors have shown a keen interest in green assets: 38% of European investment officers polled in June 2017 said they were in the market for green bonds, 50% said they were interested in renewables.
More access may sound like a good thing, but foreign investors still don’t understand enough about the Chinese green bond market when it comes to different bond categories, proceeds regulations, pre-issue verification and audits. They also don’t know how to find information in these areas.
The good news is that the Green Finance Committee of China is working with the European Investment Bank to harmonise green bond standards between Europe and China. This will give investors the chance to apply their existing knowledge to a foreign market. The first step was completed in November, providing a framework for compatibility between the standards, and allowing investors to make a direct comparison.
Can Expressways Get People Cycling Again?
China’s first elevated bike lane and the world’s longest at 7.6-kilometres is the Yunding road bicycle expressway in the south-eastern province of Fujian, which is now a little over a year old.
What’s special about Xiamen’s expressway is that it is fully elevated, segregated from other traffic, and off-limits to pedestrians, electric bikes and three-wheelers. This makes it the first piece of infrastructure in China aimed solely at cyclists.
The expressway uses space below the elevated roads of Xiamen’s Bus Rapid Transport. It sits five metres above ground and has two lanes, each 2.5 metres wide. It connects numerous residential areas, important public buildings, parks and schools.
As Chinese cities embark on more bicycle expressways, it’s hoped that schemes in the US and Europe can help inform best practice. Expressways are normal in many bike-friendly cities and countries: London has Cycle Superhighways, Holland its F25 High-Speed Cycle Route, Germany the RS1 bicycle highway, and in Bogota, Colombia, there is the Juan Amarillo Greenway.
What’s clear is that the most important feature of a bicycle expressway is exclusive road rights – a physical separation from other forms of transport to avoid interference and ensure safe travel at speed.
Carbon Markets Must Balance Stability and Adaptability
The launch of China’s national emissions trading system (ETS) last December marked a major milestone in global efforts to deliver on the Paris Agreement. The addition of China’s ETS means that over seven gigatonnes of carbon dioxide equivalent – roughly 15% of global emissions – are now covered by carbon markets.
China has the world’s biggest power sector and is developing globally significant industries so implementing a successful ETS is a daunting endeavour. However, our latest report by International Carbon Action Partnership (ICAP) on worldwide emissions trading highlights some lessons of older schemes from which China’s ETS architects can learn.
Perhaps the most important conclusion from more than a decade of global ETS experience is that emission trajectories are hard to predict, and circumstances can change in unexpected ways.
This means that carbon markets must strike a balance between stability and adaptability to changing circumstances. This is why the recently concluded reforms in some of the longest-running systems to get these systems ready to meet declared emissions targets in the 2020s are so significant.
As the world’s largest emitter and a key emerging economy, China’s path towards building a successful national carbon market will be of global relevance. If China can get it right, then it will serve as a guide and inspiration for planned emissions trading systems in emerging economies.
Overstretched Cities: The 100 Million City: Is 21st Century Urbanisation Out of Control?
Latest UN projections expect the world’s population to grow by 2.9 billion – equal to another China and India – in the next 33 years, and possibly by a further three billion by the end of the century. By then, says the UN, humanity is expected to have developed into an almost exclusively urban species with 80-90% of people living in cities.
Whether those cities develop into sprawling, chaotic slums – with unbreathable air, uncontrolled emissions and impoverished populations starved of food and water – or become truly sustainable depends on how they respond. Many economists argue that population growth is needed to create wealth, and that urbanisation significantly reduces humanity’s environmental impact. Other observers fear cities are becoming ungovernable – too unwieldy to adapt to rising temperatures and sea levels, and prone to pollution, water shortages and ill health.
Many cities are already investing in clean transport and water, sewage, renewable energy, planning, wellbeing and good housing for all. Others face what seem like insurmountable problems.
Projections suggest cities will swell at an astonishing pace – but whether that means our salvation or an eco-disaster is by no means certain.
Tracking the Environmental Performance of Industry in Europe: New Interactive Country Profiles
Industry across Europe is responsible for more than half of all carbon dioxide, particulate matter and other key pollutants emitted into the air, according to updated industrial pollution country profiles. The 33 profiles of the member countries of the EEA (EEA-33) give an updated snapshot of sources of industrial pollution across Europe. The interactive profiles summarise the latest data available (from 2015) related to industry, and cover air and water emissions, waste generation (in this case from 2014), energy and water use.
Industry makes a significant contribution to Europe's economic wellbeing and is responsible for more than a fifth of economic value generated across the EEA-33. European Union policies — specifically the EU's Industrial Policy Strategy — aim for a low-carbon industrial sector: one that is based on circular material flows that draw less and less on natural resources, reduces pollutant emissions to air, water and land, and generates decreasing amounts of waste over time.
Achieving A Sustainable, Low-Carbon Future Will Be A Huge Challenge for European Society
Shifting to an environmentally sustainable society will bring huge challenges for Europe, involving fundamental changes in how it meets its demand for necessities such as food, energy, transport and housing. Diverse academic and policy communities are confronting these challenges, according to a European Environment Agency report published today, which brings together insights from different perspectives as to how such a complex transition could be achieved.
The EEA report, ‘Perspectives on transitions to sustainability,’ presents a variety of analytical perspectives on systemic change, exploring what insights they collectively offer for policy, governance and knowledge creation. The report includes five academic papers drafted by internationally recognised experts in the field of sustainability transitions. For each of the five perspectives, the papers explore the conceptual background and understanding of how systemic changes occur, presenting their strengths and weaknesses and their implications for governance.
Cities and Scientific Community Unite to Plan an Ambitious New Climate Change Agenda
The IPCC Cities & Climate Change Science Conference, the “Change for Climate” Global Mayors Summit brought together policymakers, scientists and city networks on March 4, to create a new dialogue between these vital groups of climate change stakeholders. Though cities and researchers work diligently to address their individual climate concerns and priorities, rarely have they had the mechanism to align their activities. Given the speed of climate change and the necessity of a collective knowledge base, these groups must now work together to advance innovation for quicker and more ambitious local climate action.
The Summit, hosted by the City of Edmonton, Global Covenant of Mayors for Climate & Energy (GCoM) and the Federation of Canadian Municipalities (FCM), convened mayors from Canada, Ecuador, United States and India, key members from the science community and the world’s major city networks C40, ICLEI and UCLG to discuss the critical role cities play in addressing climate change. The Summit initiated a new platform that will raise the bar on climate action in cities worldwide and serve as a catalyst for further city- and climate-focused dialogues between city practitioners and scientists at events.
During the conference, the importance of sound research and city data played a major role in the discussion. Data insights are increasingly informing cities’ climate mitigation and adaptation strategies, and it’s vital that local decision makers and researchers have opportunities to continue engaging each other to further refine and advance their joint goals.
In Cremona, Ideas to Make The ‘Circular Economy’ Real for Cities
CREMONA, Italy — On Saturday mornings, residents of this tidy city of 72,000 crowd into a former market for fruit and vegetables in order to donate old clothes and housewares or pick up a used toy or book.
Second-hand markets are nothing new, of course. But the one here, inauguralted a year ago and known as the Centro del RI-USO, is part of a much larger and very forward-looking local policy on waste management that seeks to reduce what residents throw away and increase what gets reused and recycled.
Cremona has become a European test ground for new ideas to promote a “circular economy” — a concept that seeks to reduce waste and extend the useful life of resources. In the last two years alone, Cremona has increased the percentage of waste collected separately — necessary for recycling — from 53 percent to 72 percent.
The city has made recycling easier by implementing door-to-door collection. That’s still quite unusual in Italy — in Rome, residents must take their paper or glass to special bins on the street. In Cremona’s city centre, residents put paper in bins outside their buildings one day and plastics, glass or organic waste on other days. Vehicles of different sizes make the pickups — smaller vehicles are used in the narrow streets of the city centre.
Cremona is also testing the introduction of a tariff on the waste that can’t be recycled. In two neighbourhoods, the city gives residents orange 60-litre trash bags; the more bags residents put out, the higher their trash collection fees. The idea is to send residents a price signal that encourages them to reduce the amount of material they throw away.
“Waste recycling is not only a social matter, but also cultural,” says Mayor Gianluca Galimberti, who has made increasing the amount of waste recycled a key priority since his election in 2014. “The level of waste recycled says a lot about the community, its relationship with things and the surrounding environment. That is the reason that pushed us to work hard on this objective. And we got an historic result for the city, laying firm foundations for further actions toward a circular economy.”
Reducing waste is serious business in Cremona. There’s a deputy mayor in charge of promoting a circular economy here, Alessia Manfredini. She works on communicating with residents to foster behavioural changes, such as properly separating recyclables. And she’s led Cremona officials on tours of recycling centres across Northern Italy.
“The comparison with other cities was important for us in order to better define our strategies and actions in the field,” Manfredini says. It also helped the city connect with broader waste-related initiatives and funding streams across Europe, she says.
This local commitment toward dialogue with other cities, as well as universities and research centres, pushed Cremona to lead a larger European project on waste-management strategies. It’s called UrbanWINS,and it’s financed by the European Commission. Launched in July 2016, the project is analyzing current strategies for waste prevention and management in 24 European cities (Bucharest, Turin and some municipalities near Rome are among the pilot cities) with the objective of highlighting the most innovative plans.
The three-year project, also involving global networks such as ICLEI - Local Governments for Sustainability, as well as various European universities, NGOs and the Italian Institute of Statistics, will study the “urban metabolism”. That is, it will look at how materials flow through cities and seek a better understanding of what gets produced, consumed and discarded.
The main objective of the project is to help local governments define more holistic strategic plans that not only deal with waste more efficiently but also prevent waste from being created in the first place. One of the tools expected to be developed is a model that demonstrates material flows in different kinds of urban contexts: big cities, small ones, industrial centres or historical places.
“This tool is innovative in Italy because it is not only based on the analysis on the amount of waste produced but on the consumption of materials,” says Livia Mazzà of Ecosistemi, an environmental consultancy and scientific partner of UrbanWINS. “It will reflect on the sources of production and promote a deeper understanding on reducing and reusing waste.”
Another tool of the project is to foster an active dialogue about waste among local residents and stakeholders. Waste management is not typically a big topic of public-participation schemes in Europe. But in June, Cremona and other cities involved in the project hosted the first of several public debates — or agoras — over how residents perceive waste management and how it can be improved. Online detates are coming as well.
Cremona is planning to make the agora a permanent forum for public dialogue on waste management. Keeping the local community engaged will be a challenge, particularly on an issue that many people prefer not to think about. But officials here hope that the public will remain engaged if they can continue developing concrete actions that improve quality of life.
One focus area is in the schools. Since 2014, the city has hosted an annual competition called Piccoli Passi, or “small steps”. It’s aimed at fostering sustainable behaviours among students and administrators. Lesson plans about recycling begin each year in March. In May, an official measurement of recycling at each school begins. The schools are ranked and children at the schools that do best get rewards. Another part of the schools competition focuses on reducing food waste in canteens.
The city is also taking aim at food waste in restaurants. In Italy, it’s unusual for restaurant patrons to bring home any leftovers from their meal — it’s seen as a sign of hunger or poverty. So uneaten food ends up in the trash. Cremona is working on changing that attitude through a campaign called Tenga il resto, or “keep the rest”. The city has distributed 100,000 recyclable containers to two dozen restaurants, in hopes of convincing patrons that bringing leftovers home is the right thing to do for the environment.
Cremona is also looking to strengthen the role of the Centro del RI-USO, which is managed by a community group called Amici di Emmaus. It’s intended not only as a second-hand market but also as an incubator for practices of urban sustainability. For example, there will be trainings for children and families on how to reduce the amount of materials they consume. A group that promotes purchases of foods and goods produced locally or through “fair-trade” supply chains will also host meetings.
Mayor Galimberti says all of these strategies and more will be needed to make the circular economy a reality in Cremona. “What is needed is a multidisciplinary and systemic approach,” he says. “A local community well educated to the use of the things is a community that lives better.”
Green Finance to Help Reduce Pollution, Boost Industrial Upgrading
Move makes china the first country to build a national system to boost green finance. As China strives to protect its ecological integrity, the financial sector is coming to the aid to contain pollution and help advance the industrial transformation.Green finance－a concept still unfamiliar to most－entered the economic lexicon last week after the central government decided to set up five pilot zones nationwide.The State Council, China's Cabinet, arrived at the decision at an executive meeting, which was presided over by Premier Li Keqiang on June 14. Financial institutions will further enhance their shoring-up for environmental protection projects and industrial upgrading with favorable policies on interest payments and loans.The pilot zones will be set up in Zhejiang, Jiangxi, Guangdong, Guizhou provinces and the Xinjiang Uygur autonomous region, according to a statement released after the meeting.Systematical innovation for green finance will increase the financial sector's support to improve ecology and boost the efficient utilization of resources. The statement said the pilot zones are also an important way to continue China's commitment to the Paris climate accord after US President Donald Trump announced the US would withdraw from the agreement early this month.
The statement said the government will support financial institutions to set up green finance departments and welcome foreign capital to participate in green investments. The development of "green credit" will be encouraged to take the environmental credentials of companies into account. The country will start pilot markets for trading rights of resources such as water and energy. The central government will provide support in fiscal, tax and land policies for green industries and projects, while a risk prevention mechanism will be established.
Green finance was first proposed in the Government Work Report delivered by Li in March 2016. The term, reiterated by the premier in this year's work report, was first officially defined in a guideline co-released by the National Development and Reform Commission and another six ministries in August. By definition, it means financial services that help increase investment and financing, project operations and risk management in fields such as environmental protection, energy conservation, clean energy, green transport and buildings.
The guideline made China the first country where the central government boosts green finance nationwide by building a national system, Chen Yulu, vice-governor of the People's Bank of China, the central bank, said during a policy briefing on Friday.
"The necessity to establish such pilot zones cannot be overestimated as the decision was the first concrete measure to implement the guideline," said Wang Yao, president of the International Institute of Green Finance at the Central University of Finance and Economics.
The pilot zones have already industrialized, or are undergoing industrial upgrading, or are in far-flung and less-developed regions, Wang said. Experience and lessons can be absorbed from different conditions, which can easily adapt to other regions, he added.
"We still lack experience in the new green finance, which demands pilot reforms to find replicable practices in wider regions," the premier told the State Council meeting.
Chen said each of the pilot regions had different conditions. Zhejiang and Guangdong have developed economies and financial sectors, but are eager to upgrade their current development models. How to integrate the financial market with industrial upgrading will be a key for the two provinces, he said. For example, the city of Huzhou in Zhejiang is already one of the country's five cities which have compiled a "balance sheet" of natural resources. Quzhou city has carried out a pioneering project for green credits, green bonds and industrial funds, Chen said. These advantages will facilitate the establishment of new pilot zones, he added. In comparison, Guizhou and Jiangxi are less-developed economically, but possess rich resources for green industries. The two provinces are set to boost green finance on their way to a less-polluting model for economic growth, which will focus on modern agriculture, rural drainage systems and energy conservation. Nevertheless, Xinjiang is an important gateway of the Belt and Road Initiative and will lay more emphasis on fields such as clean energy and high-end manufacturing, including solar power equipment, Chen said.
Lu Zhengwei, chief economist of the Industrial Bank Co Ltd, said each of the five regions has its own conditions while building a green finance system. By carrying out the project, China's green finance will proceed more easily with lessons learnt, he said.
By Hu Yongqi | sources: China Daily | Updated: 2017-06-20 07:45
One Planet Summit Raises Ambition on Climate Finance
On December 12, global heads of state, mayors and business leaders gathered in Paris to celebrate the second anniversary of the Paris Climate Agreement. The One Planet Summit featured a range of high profile announcements on climate finance from governments, banks, business, and investors.
The United States is the only country not to have accepted the Paris Agreement so President Trump was reportedly not invited. But the summit shows that Trump’s position has not dampened global climate action. With the risks of climate change rising on the global agenda, momentum continues to build in finance and business, as well as by governments.
Shifting from coal to clean
One of the headline announcements was from the World Bank Group, which will stop investing in upstream oil and gas from 2019. This matters because according to recent data, it continued to spend on oil and gas after the Paris deal, investing around a billion dollars in fossil fuel exploration in 2016.
Momentum to phase out coal was also given a boost. The “Powering Past Coal” alliance led by the UK and Canada added Sweden and California to its membership, plus 24 new businesses. However, a major test will be whether it can sign up an emerging economy in Asia where much new coal investment is located.
In another major announcement, the 23 largest national and regional development banks agreed to align their finance with the Paris Agreement. The International Development Finance Club represents over 69 countries and holds assets of more than US$4 trillion (26.5 trillion yuan). Its largest member is China Development Bank, which had US 130 billion (860 billion yuan) of commitments in 2015.
Ensuring that finance from large public banks is in line with Paris is essential because public institutions can help to boost private investment in sustainable projects by reducing risks. For example, the State Bank of India highlighted a new partnership with the World Bank to provide new lines of credit for rooftop solar energy, which should encourage more investment in the sector.
The World Bank also announced it will apply a shadow carbon price on all projects in high-emitting sectors to take account of pollution costs. Former US Secretary of State John Kerry described pricing carbon as the “single biggest thing we can do” on climate change.
China was also in the spotlight at the summit. Top green finance official Ma Jun said that by 2020 “every listed company in China must disclose information on environmental impacts”. China may have a third of the world’s installed clean energy capacity, but the climate impacts of its overseas investments through its Belt and Road Initiative are causing concern. Ma Jun acknowledged that emissions from the Belt and Road “could be three times China’s emissions” if nothing is done.
Private sector actions
There were numerous pledges from the private sector on pulling funding out of fossil fuels. French insurance giant AXA will phase out insurance for new coal construction projects and Dutch Bank ING will end coal lending by 2025.
Global investors also launched the five-year Climate Action 100+ to curb their emissions. Impressively, investors with more than US$26.3 trillion (174 trillion yuan) in assets have signed up.
2017 has been a year of green finance opportunities, with global issuance on green bonds reaching US$100 billion (662 billion yuan) and HSBC recently launching the world’s first US 1 billion sustainable development bond (6.62 billion yuan).
Bank of England governor Mark Carney, revealed more than 230 companies have committed to the Task Force on Climate-related Financial Disclosures, representing a market capitalisation of over US$6.3 trillion (41.7 billion yuan). The Task Force recommends companies reveal information about harmful investment, which Carney said is now “entering the mainstream”.
Japan’s pension fund GPIF, the largest pension fund in the world, announced a “science based target” to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. Japan is aiming for 100 companies to have such a target by 2020, ensuring a reduction in fossil investments.
Opportunities for cities
The new initiatives pose opportunities for Asia’s fast-growing cities. Signatories of the Global Covenant of Mayors, which include 34 cities in East and South Asia, represent more than 10% of the world’s population. This group announced a new climate partnership with the World Bank to invest US$4.5 billion (30 billion yuan) in 150 cities around the world. The European Bank for Reconstruction and Development will also invest heavily in cities following the launch of its Green Cities Climate Finance Accelerator.
With unprecedented hurricanes devastating several Caribbean islands this year, their leaders will now create the world’s first “climate smart zone” to implement an ambitious US$8 billion (53 billion yuan) plan, including 100% renewable energy. And thinking long term, Costa Ricam, Ethippia, Germany and Sweden were among 14 countries promising to develop plans to be carbon neutral by 2050.
Finally, China is expected to launch its emission trading scheme soon. As the world’s leading energy financer, China is pivotal to achieving the Paris Agreement. After these high-profile announcements by development banks, investors and insurers, attention will now turn to China and its efforts to green both its financial system and overseas investments.
source: The Paris Agreement’s second anniversary was met with numerous commitments on green finance, writes Helena Wright
Minister of MoHURD Signs New Framework of Cooperation (FoC)
In late May, UN-Habitat Executive Director Dr. Juan Clos attended the One Belt One Road Forum (BRF) and signed three new MoUs in an effort to strengthen colloboration between UN-Habitat and China under the One Belt One Road Initiative.
In the context of the visit, Dr. Clos met with the Minister of the Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development (MoHURD), H.E. Chen Zhenggao, and signed a Framework of Cooperation (FoC).
City of Qingdao Joins C40
We're excited for Qingdao to join the ranks of the C40 and to see it support the Chinese government's commitment to Paris Agreement on Climate Change. The other Chinese cities in the C40 are Beijing, Chengdu, Dalian, Guangzhou, Hong Kong, Nanjing, Qingdao, Shanghai, Shenzhen and Wuhan.
2016 Signing Ceremony of Cooperation Projects Under The EU-China Urbanization Partnership
On 13 July 2016, during the 18th China-EU Summit in Beijing, Chinese Premier Li Keqiang and European Commission President Jean-Claude Juncker attended the Signing Ceremony of Cooperation Projects under the EU-China Urbanization Partnership. Entrepreneurs and officials signed 12 agreements and memorandums of understanding on urban development.
Both the Chinese and European leadership has attached great importance to promoting cooperation on urbanisation. Since the launch of EU-China Urbanization Partnership by Premier Li and former European Commission President Barroso in May 2012, cooperation on urbanisation between the two sides have made great progress.
Over the past four years since 2012, China and Europe have established practical cooperation mechanisms at various levels and sectors. Gradually, the China-EU urbanisation partnership has moved from high-level, strategic dialogue to practical cooperation on concrete challenges. More concrete and innovative partnerships have been established between cities, enterprises and institutions. Partnerships on urbanisation have become a key pillar in an increasingly comprehensive cooperation between China and the EU.
Source: CHINANEWS.COM (Chinese only)
Academic Committee of China Eco-City Academy Appointed
30 March 2016, Beijing-The 28-member Academic Committee of China Eco-City Academy (CECA) was appointed today during the 12th International Conference on Green and Energy-efficient Building & New Technologies and Products Expo.
Mr. Sun Anjun, Director-General of the Department of Urban-Rural Planning of MoHURD, said that cities are becoming increasingly important in China’s economic and social development. Building eco-cities is in line with the requirements of the economic new normal and is essential to achieving the China dream.
Congratulating the committee’s appointment, Mr. Zhang Zhenshan, Representative of UN Habitat for China, said that China has made great achievements in sustainable development. He pointed out that the international community is also making efforts to pursue sustainable urbanization pathways, referring to the Sustainable Development Goals relating to cities as well as Habitat III to be held this year.
Mr. Frederic Asseline, Team Leader of Europe-China Eco-Cities Link, expressed hope that EC-Link could become a bridge between CECA and European experience and expertise in eco-city development.
CECA was formally established in November 2015 and registered under the State Administration for Industry and Commerce, which is itself under the State Council. CECA is primarily a research and knowledge centre, with the objective of becoming a world-class player in generating best practices for sustainable urban development. Later in 2016, a China Eco City Alliance will be registered under the Ministry of Civil Affairs of China, and the Alliance will have the status of a Non-Governmental Organization.
CECA Academic Committee consists of prominent experts in the field of ecological cities, including Jiang Yi, Vice Dean of School of Architecture at Tsinghua University, Wu Zhiqiang, Vice President of Tongji University and Qu Jiuhui, Academician of Chinese Academy of Engineering.
SWITCH-ASIA II - SusBuild Kick-off in Chongqing, April 12
China’s unprecedented socio-economic growth drives expansion in the building sector. Meanwhile, building energy consumption has increased by 40% since 1990. The building sector now accounts for about 30% of the final energy consumption in China and thus plays a vital role in China’s pursuit of a more resource efficient and low carbon economy. By 2020, the Chinese government aims for 50% of new constructions to reach a green building standard. It is estimated that only 10% of new construction projects currently reach a meaningful standard. Of those 10% about 90% are located in the more developed eastern parts of China. In western Chinese regions such as Chongqing and Yunnan Province, new green building construction is still in early trials.
Micro-, small-, and medium-enterprises (MSME) are contracted in the development of many building projects and play a major role in shaping the quality of new buildings. This is where the EC-funded SusBird project aims at engaging with MSMEs in the City of Chongqing and Yunan province, both located in western China.
The project will provide
- capacity building and technical support to MSMEs along the supply chain
- guidance to facility managers
- trainings to financial institutions for the provisioning of loans for green projects
- guidance for effective networking amongst stakeholders
- advice to both national and local government
The project will run for four years (2016-2020) and is lead by the Wuppertal Institute for Climate, Environment and Energy with support from the China Association of Building Energy Efficiency and the Beijing University of Civil Engineering and Architecture. The consortium will work with econet china/German Industry & Commerce Greater China and GIZ.
On 12-13 April, SusBuild, an EU/Switch-Asia-funded project will have its kick-off event in Chongqing with MOHURD officials, public and private stakeholders from Chongqing and Yunnan, representatives from building associations from all provinces in western China as well as German organizations/enterprises.
EC-Link Pilot Cities Selected
Beijing, 9 March: The Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development (MoHURD) announced a list of pilot cities of the EC-Link project today, including: Zhuhai, Luoyang, Changzhou, Hefei, Qingdao, Weihai, Zhuzhou, Liuzhou, Guilin and Xixian.
With the support of EC-Link, pilot cities will develop projects in the fields of compact urban development, clean energy, green building, green transport, solid waste management, water management, municipal financing, urban regeneration and green industry. Through learning urbanization experience from Europe, the pilot cities will serve as models for China’s low-carbon ecological development.
China is experiencing rapid urbanization. Over the past 30 years, Chinese cities have achieved extraordinary economic growth. In 2014, the urbanization rate reached 54.77%, which greatly improved people’s living standard. However, rapid urbanization also brought huge pressure to energy supply, natural resources and the environment. China hence faces huge challenges in environment protection, energy efficiency and industrial transformation. It is therefore of high importance to explore a green, low-carbon and ecological development path.
In that connection, the EC-Link project will make a significant contribution to promoting a Xiaokang society, China’s new urbanization planning, energy saving and climate adaptation, as well as EU-China urbanization partnership. Today, Europe’s urbanization rate has reached 75%. Over the past 150 years, European countries experienced similar challenges: the great smog of 1952 in London killed over 5000 lives in a short span of one week; the air pollution in Ruhr made blue sky a distant dream for citizens…However, the blue sky and fresh air in Europe make it hard to imagine the polluted days in the past, which was only made possible through generations’ remarkable efforts. In this process, Europe has accumulated valuable experience and developed advanced technologies in the fields of urban planning, green transportation, green building, renewable energy and water management. Many European cities have become eco-city models such as Freiburg in Germany, Copenhagen in Demark and Malmo in Sweden.
EC-Link will bring in European experience, implement best practices in pilot projects, build a knowledge and policy sharing platform, improve city financing and PPP mechanisms and provide more opportunities for practical cooperation between China and Europe and technology transfer.
The project platform will be service-oriented, with the aim to provide comprehensive consultancy for low-carbon eco-city development, solutions and technical guidance. The project encourages and assists pilot cities to explore innovative financing mechanisms. The aim is to provide innovative financing experience for China’s new urbanization process.
The project has received high-level government endorsement in both Europe and China as a part of the EU-China Partnership on Urbanization, a broad political initiative promoting the development of adequate solutions for sustainable urban development. The technical assistance provided by EC-Link assists the Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development in shaping a national ecological and low-carbon framework, and helps Chinese municipalities with their own ecological, low-carbon urban development
Guidelines on Investment & Financing for Green Buildings
Green building investment and financing refers to the investment and financing behavior in the field of green building.
The green funding gap for green building construction in China is still large. To fill it, statistics predict that CNY 3 to 4 trillion worth of yearly investments are needed for the whole period of the 13th Five-Year Plan (2016-2020). According to prediction, of the total needed investment, only the 10% to 15% can come from the government, the rest is made of social capital. Therefore, it is necessary to effectively mobilize private capitals into the field of green building.
In the top-level design of green finance in China, there is a lack of docking schemes for green buildings, albeit efforts have been made in this regard. In August 2016, seven ministries and commissions, including the People's Bank of China, jointly issued the “Guidelines on Building a Green Financial System”, a blueprint for China's green financial development plan. However, they did not clearly point out the specific financing, financing methods and implementation methods of green finance for green buildings.
In summary, China's green building investment and financing sector urgently needs to set clear guidelines to ensure the green development of China's urban and rural construction to achieve the overall development goals of 2050.
The guideline aims to consider all the aspects of the green building financing, from the technical side (use of green technology and energy-saving effects) to the potential benefits and capital risks connected with the investments.
The objective is to embed ecological and environmental considerations (from financial to social externalizations) in the decision making process of the operators from the construction sectors.
Urban Development and Growing International Trade Within the BRI
The growth in international trade and investments around the EU Trans European Network -Transport (TEN-T) policy and the Chinese Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) is leading to increasing transport volumes between China and the EU. Cities are the key nodes in these growing national, regional and intercontinental transport networks and should contribute to and benefit from the increased trade.
However, without proper planning and management, those urban nodes can become blockages in national and international transport flows. Local congestion around hubs and terminals can lead to reduced network efficiency and increased levels of local air pollution.
Chinese cities have an opportunity to plan the development of safe, clean and affordable transportation systems. The impact that such development can bring in terms of economic opportunities, human wellbeing, and climate change are determined by the choices city leaders make today: a sustainable urban/spatial hub development will be part of “resilient cities” with logistic hubs as part of the urban structures.
The proposed Project is designed to bring together Chinese and European Cities (such as Hamburg, Barcelona, Gothenburg) along key trade routes to work together to optimize their leading roles as national, regional and international hubs.
The EU and China together can define a model of rising trade and prosperity combined with healthy cities. To this aim, Europe and China need to work together to maximize the benefits of trade while minimizing potential negative impacts on cities.
Jianxi Industrial District Renovation
Jianxi Industrial Heritage Block was first built during the first Five-Year-Plan period in the 1950s. It is among the best preserved areas with strong characteristics of the time. The Jianxi Industrial Heritage Block is not only a witness to China’s early industrialization, but also reflects the most advanced production and urban planning technologies and concepts at that time.
The project involves a large number of building groups of the Soviet style. However, building density is too high and the interior conditions cannot reach modern living standards.
This project consists of Zhongxin, Yituo, Luozhou, Luotong and other communities, with a total planning area of 233.48 ha. The project will protect and preserve the existing industrial block building style and structure and promote urban regeneration while striking a balance between protection, development and tourism.
This project aims to preserve the original style of the block while bringing in new city development elements, thus setting an example for surrounding neighbourhoods. Residential buildings will be renovated and their interior design will be restructured. The building elevation will also be renewed with new architectural materials.
The current renovation plan is being prepared.
Lead agency: Luoyang Municipal Bureau of Urban-Rural Planning.
- Build a famous industrial heritage block with cultural, tourist, commercial and leisure functions.
Old Town Preservation and Revitalization
The project is located in the southern region of Jinyuan old district, Luoyang ancient city with a planned area of 70.4 hectares. Recognizing that the cultural industry in the old district only started to grow recently, the project aims to upgrade the area into a cultural district with integrated functions including cultural demonstration, cultural innovation and cultural commerce. In particular, the project will focus on old district revitalization, cultural relics restoration and living conditions improvement.
The urban planning and design have been finished, and the initiating phase is under construction.
Lead agency: Luoyang Municipal Bureau of Urban-Rural Planning
Responsible entity: Old Town District Government; Luoyang Jinyuan Historical City Cultural Construction Co., Ltd
Other cooperative entity: TBC
- Build a multi-functional cultural demonstration district and a new name card for Luoyang City.