Berlin is the capital and largest city of Germany by both area and population. Berlin´s urban development aims to address complex social, economic, cultural and spatial dynamics with forward-thinking planning and concepts. The changing conditions at the local and global levels, as well as the developments resulting from them, affect various areas of urban planning. Developing Berlin in terms of its sustainability, appeal and capacity requires integrated foresight and planning.
Berlin: Renewable Energy Capital
As the same with the whole Germany, Berlin no longer wants to just rely solely on a single new source of energy to provide electricity, but instead uses a kind of “wolves tactics” – a combination of hydro, wind, geothermal, solar, garbage biogas, biogas, or biomass, fuel cells, electric vehicles, etc. to feasibly and comprehensively advance to develop all possible energy technologies.
Relying on Germany’s strong and advanced technical strength, this idea that is seemingly fancy and arrogant does have the potential to be realized. Based on its talents and political advantages, Berlin has achieved a leading position in the world of its new energy development.
According to the statistics of the Berlin Municipal Government, the local solar energy industry accounts for 35% of all Germany, ranking the first in the country and this figure is still increasing. The Renewable Energy Law, which came into effect in 2000, not only proposes preferential policies such as compulsory power purchase and high-priced subsidies, but also sets up the differential subsidies for a variety of types of renewable energies in order to better match energy investments with different technologies and different costs. In addition, the subsidy period lasts up to 20 years, and it is a fixed rate, which allows investors to accurately calculate when their investment cost can be recovered and profitable. It is no wonder that the world’s major companies are rushing to Berlin. Not only solar energy, other renewable energies such as wind power, biomass and hydropower can be subsidized, but there are different subsidy rates due to different technology costs.
Berlin Emphasises the Environmentally Sustainable
With a youthful population, a history of development built on public transport rather than cars and a reputation for embracing the new and fashionable; it is not surprising to find that Berlin is at the forefront of technological change when it comes to personal mobility.
Germany’s capital has more than 400 electric car-charging points and four hydrogen refuelling stations, making it the leading city in Germany for alternative forms of transport. A major expansion of this infrastructure is under way.
City authorities are determined to build on these environmentally friendly trends, as Berlin grows and parts of the city become more affluent.
Source: Financial Times
The Berlin Strategy - Urban Development Concept Berlin 2030
The city of Berlin is experiencing rapid transformation growth that represents both opportunities and challenges for urban development planning. In managing growth, the city administration is committed to a culture of participation to ensure Berlin continues to be a sustainable and cosmopolitan metropolis.
The Berlin Strategy outlines eight priorities that will determine Berlin’s medium- to long-term development opportunities and gives an overview of actions the city will undertake in order to effectively respond to present and future challenges. Additionally, ten transformation areas have been identified and set geographical priorities to provide a tangible framework for implementing the Strategy at community level.
Why Berlin is THE City for Smart Transportation & Energy
Beyond the numbers and reports, Berlin’s affinity for smart transportation and energy can also be felt by simply exploring it personally. Nearly half of the city is green space. Berlin’s transportation system is web of bike lanes, bus routes, subway lines, and more. What is perhaps most striking is the city’s excitement and potential for new technologies that make its role in our fast changing world even more prominent.
Germans frequently use car sharing service such as car2go and DriveNow; but in no other German city did these services catch on as well as in Berlin. Moreover, Along with the opening of new startup spaces such as Factory, Berlin TXL has announced its plan to open up a research and industrial park for urban technologies.
Source: Startup Boot Camp
Guidelines on Investment & Financing for Green Buildings
Green building investment and financing refers to the investment and financing behavior in the field of green building.
The green funding gap for green building construction in China is still large. To fill it, statistics predict that CNY 3 to 4 trillion worth of yearly investments are needed for the whole period of the 13th Five-Year Plan (2016-2020). According to prediction, of the total needed investment, only the 10% to 15% can come from the government, the rest is made of social capital. Therefore, it is necessary to effectively mobilize private capitals into the field of green building.
In the top-level design of green finance in China, there is a lack of docking schemes for green buildings, albeit efforts have been made in this regard. In August 2016, seven ministries and commissions, including the People's Bank of China, jointly issued the “Guidelines on Building a Green Financial System”, a blueprint for China's green financial development plan. However, they did not clearly point out the specific financing, financing methods and implementation methods of green finance for green buildings.
In summary, China's green building investment and financing sector urgently needs to set clear guidelines to ensure the green development of China's urban and rural construction to achieve the overall development goals of 2050.
The guideline aims to consider all the aspects of the green building financing, from the technical side (use of green technology and energy-saving effects) to the potential benefits and capital risks connected with the investments.
The objective is to embed ecological and environmental considerations (from financial to social externalizations) in the decision making process of the operators from the construction sectors.
Urban Development and Growing International Trade Within the BRI
The growth in international trade and investments around the EU Trans European Network -Transport (TEN-T) policy and the Chinese Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) is leading to increasing transport volumes between China and the EU. Cities are the key nodes in these growing national, regional and intercontinental transport networks and should contribute to and benefit from the increased trade.
However, without proper planning and management, those urban nodes can become blockages in national and international transport flows. Local congestion around hubs and terminals can lead to reduced network efficiency and increased levels of local air pollution.
Chinese cities have an opportunity to plan the development of safe, clean and affordable transportation systems. The impact that such development can bring in terms of economic opportunities, human wellbeing, and climate change are determined by the choices city leaders make today: a sustainable urban/spatial hub development will be part of “resilient cities” with logistic hubs as part of the urban structures.
The proposed Project is designed to bring together Chinese and European Cities (such as Hamburg, Barcelona, Gothenburg) along key trade routes to work together to optimize their leading roles as national, regional and international hubs.
The EU and China together can define a model of rising trade and prosperity combined with healthy cities. To this aim, Europe and China need to work together to maximize the benefits of trade while minimizing potential negative impacts on cities.
Prefabricated Green Residential Building Slated for Berlin’s New ‘Live-Work City’
On a site in Berlin that is currently home to old, ugly oilfield tanks, a revitalized district called WerkBundStadt is in the works. WerkBundStadt include 1,100 units, including 330 rent controlled units. Each of the 33 architectural firms involved will design one project for the new district, which ingenhoven architects describe as a “dense, socially and functionally mixed live-work city.”
Central to the design of the building ingenhoven architects will contribute is the concept of sustainability. The facade of the building includes terraces and balconies bursting with plant life between brickwork to create “protected outdoor areas” that create a “dialogue between residential and urban space.”
Berlin – The Value of Green Spaces For A Sustainable Future
Berlin is one of the cities, aligned with the URBES - Urban Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services project. This project aims to bridge the knowledge gap on the links between urbanization, ecosystem services and biodiversity. It develops ideas, tools and knowledge for a sustainable urban life, which are co-created and shared throughout European cities.
Berlin is one of the greenest cities in Europe, with more than 2,500 public green spaces, parks and gardens. These areas provide a home for natural diversity and a high quality of life for citizens. Berlin has developed several policies for enhancing its green areas, which include a landscape strategy, an urban development plan for climate and a biodiversity strategy.
Here's How Berlin Plans to Radically Overhaul Its Public Transport System
With Berlin steadily growing and its economy developing positively, there are always new challenges to face, and new technologies changing both the conditions for and the patterns of mobility. Forward-looking, strategic, integrated planning is required to ensure that public transport as well as private and commercial traffic can meets these manifold future challenges. This is why Berlin has developed the current Urban Transportation Development Plan 2024; this major “roadmap” of transport policy wants to reply to key questions providing equal mobility opportunities to be created for all Berliners and also for managing urban traffic to reduce pollutants and noise as far as possible but meanwhile sustain also business development.