Zhuzhou is the second largest prefecture-level city in the Hunan Province, China.
In the past, Zhuzhou economy was mostly relying on its four key industries: metallurgy, machine manufacturing, chemicals and building materials. Recently, it is transforming itself from a medium city with a traditional industrial base into a Chinese innovation hub, with multiple high-tech corporations and innovation start-ups.
Promote the New Pattern of Pan-Territory Tourism With Ecological Environment Protection As The Fundamental Precondition
In 2018 by enthusiastically responding to the call of the central, provincial and Zhuzhou city governments on pan-territory tourism and thoroughly implementing the relevant arrangements of the municipal party committee and the municipal people's government, the Environmental Protection Bureau of Liling City took close following-up of the requirement of “improving the quality of the ecological environment” as its main priority. It carried out the environmental impact assessment, enforced environmental supervision and pollution governance, vigorously promoted the construction of ecological civilization, comprehensively fought the battle against pollution, and laid a solid environmental foundation for promoting the development of pan-territory tourism.
It comprehensively put efforts and made breakthroughs to promote the development of pan-territory tourism.
(1) Accelerate industrial transformation and upgrading. It accelerated the pace for closure and elimination of “non-conformity, polluting and land-law-violating” enterprises; and promoted to construct a papermaker-clustering area for which it determined the Tiehekou of Chashan Town as the destination site. In addition, it wrote a “feasibility study report on the project of constructing a clustering area for the ceramic and firework industries in Liling City”, and strove to relocate paper enterprises into the paper maker clustering area as soon as possible.
(2) Enforce the pollution prevention and control. Always adhering to the idealism and working attitude of “good environment is the people’s wellbeing, green mountains are enjoyable beauties, and blue sky is also a happy thing”, it comprehensively promotes the prevention and control of atmospheric, water and soil pollution, continuously reduces the existing pollutions, and promotes to improve ecological environment quality, striving to write a new chapter in the green development of Liling.
(3) Shed green light to the unimpeded tourism projects in terms of project EIA. It vigorously supports for creating conditions for the planned construction of tourism projects, and carry out the service spirit to earnestly provide services throughout the whole process of project construction. First, it implemented the project preview mechanism that is to make itself get ready to provide advance services; second, enhanced the guidance and coordination roles for the projects, and implemented tracking services; third, optimized the project approval mechanism, including implementation of “All-in-one notification”, “one-stop service”, and the standardized window-type management of “One-stop Approval”; and the fourth is to shorten the time limit and procedures for EIA review and approval to maximize early approval and early construction of the projects in the city.
(4) Fully cooperate with the model-creation mission. It conscientiously implemented the requirements for better environment creation assigned by the municipal party committee and the municipal people’s government, and formed an execution pattern where the top leader takes the leading role, deputies take the charge of specific implementations, task forces organize to implement, departments coordinate, and all walks of people broadly participate in, so that to implement the mission of creation of a national sanitary city, a national garden city, and a provincial model city.
The World's Largest Single Passive Public Building Under Construction by the Zhu Zhou Mightier Group Is About to Open
Zhuzhou City Civic Center (also known as Entrepreneur Square) is a comprehensive citizen service center that integrates “convenience service”, “entrepreneurial service” and “leisure service”. The center has set up 7 comprehensive management areas such as “Real Estate Registration Area”, “People's Social Security Provident Zone”, “Public Service Comprehensive Area” and “Investment Approval Area”, so that the government service “only enters one door” and “runs at most once”. This project was contracted by Zhu Zhou Mightier group.
The project has a construction area of 62,334 square meters, an office part of 39,976 square meters, a commercial part of 7,000 square meters, a basement 1 commercial area, and a ground floor of 1-4 floors. Building Environment Central Park forms six scales of pleasant floating islands, which solves the needs of different functions such as office, social, shopping and leisure. The connection between entrepreneurial space and service platform can greatly improve the efficiency of work. The most important thing is that the project is completely built using passive energy-saving technology and is the world's largest single passive public building!
Passive construction, simply speaking, does not require active heating and air conditioning, but uses the insulation of the ground, walls, doors and windows, fresh air system, and renewable energy such as solar energy and geothermal energy to achieve constant temperature and humidity throughout the four seasons. Constant oxygen, constant net and constant static buildings. This is a true green building and a future building.
New ‘trackless train’ which runs on virtual rail lines launched in China
Is it a tram, or is it a train, or even a fancy bus? The world’s first electric-powered ‘trackless train’ has been launched in China. Using virtual rail lines on the streets of Zhuzhou, Hunan Province, the new Autonomous Rail Rapid Transit (ART) system can travel up to speeds of 43 mph.The new trackless trains are 30 metre long and can carry upto 300 passengers.
China’s CRRC Corporation, which is one of the world’s biggest train manufacturers, started working on the new technology in 2013 and the system is expected to be rolled out to other cities next year. The trains carry up to 300 passengers and the new system is a cheaper and greener alternative than building new train or tram tracks. People’s Daily Online reported 10 minutes of charging can propel the train for 15.5 miles and each train will have a life-span of around 25 years.
After just 10 minutes of charging, the train can travel 25 kilometers (15.5 miles). The invisible railway uses dotted lines painted on the road and three ‘smart trains’ currently have drivers but are expected to be automated in the future. Chief engineer Feng Jianghua explained the train uses hi-tech sensors to judge distances by the millimeter and continually collects travel information as it moves.
The biggest benefit of the new system will be its low cost and Mr Jianghu estimated it would one fifth the price of building physical tramways in China. Three trains are being tested in Zhuzhou and the line will open to the public in Spring next year.
EC-LINK Team Visited City of Zhu Zhou for Strengthening the Dialogue
On 2nd of August, 2017, EC Link Team met with Zhuzhou HURD representatives.
The mission was organized to strengthen the dialogue with one of EC-LINK 10 pilot cities, discuss about ongoing Project’s activities (in particular about Hefei ICL), cooperation activities between Zhuzhou and possible European cities and have a better understanding of ongoing projects in Zhuzhou.
During the mission, Mr. HE Anguo, Director of Zhuzhou HURD, stressed the interest for Zhuzhou HURD to continue to have an active role within EC Link and their hope to sign soon technical agreements with European cities.
Moreover, Zhuzhou representatives highlighted the full commitment of the city to develop projects focusing their attention to the green building sector. Indeed, during the meetings, it was introduced: the "Zhuzhou Green Building Action Implementation Plan", the “energy saving & retrofitting Plan”, the development of a large monitoring platform for public buildings and the implemented "Dragon Bay German House" Project.
EC Link Team assured that the Project will provide constant support to Zhuzhou city in terms of projects development and for the selection of European partners ready to support Zhuzhou’s urban sustainable development.
EC-Link Pilot Cities Selected
Beijing, 9 March: The Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development (MoHURD) announced a list of pilot cities of the EC-Link project today, including: Zhuhai, Luoyang, Changzhou, Hefei, Qingdao, Weihai, Zhuzhou, Liuzhou, Guilin and Xixian.
With the support of EC-Link, pilot cities will develop projects in the fields of compact urban development, clean energy, green building, green transport, solid waste management, water management, municipal financing, urban regeneration and green industry. Through learning urbanization experience from Europe, the pilot cities will serve as models for China’s low-carbon ecological development.
China is experiencing rapid urbanization. Over the past 30 years, Chinese cities have achieved extraordinary economic growth. In 2014, the urbanization rate reached 54.77%, which greatly improved people’s living standard. However, rapid urbanization also brought huge pressure to energy supply, natural resources and the environment. China hence faces huge challenges in environment protection, energy efficiency and industrial transformation. It is therefore of high importance to explore a green, low-carbon and ecological development path.
In that connection, the EC-Link project will make a significant contribution to promoting a Xiaokang society, China’s new urbanization planning, energy saving and climate adaptation, as well as EU-China urbanization partnership. Today, Europe’s urbanization rate has reached 75%. Over the past 150 years, European countries experienced similar challenges: the great smog of 1952 in London killed over 5000 lives in a short span of one week; the air pollution in Ruhr made blue sky a distant dream for citizens…However, the blue sky and fresh air in Europe make it hard to imagine the polluted days in the past, which was only made possible through generations’ remarkable efforts. In this process, Europe has accumulated valuable experience and developed advanced technologies in the fields of urban planning, green transportation, green building, renewable energy and water management. Many European cities have become eco-city models such as Freiburg in Germany, Copenhagen in Demark and Malmo in Sweden.
EC-Link will bring in European experience, implement best practices in pilot projects, build a knowledge and policy sharing platform, improve city financing and PPP mechanisms and provide more opportunities for practical cooperation between China and Europe and technology transfer.
The project platform will be service-oriented, with the aim to provide comprehensive consultancy for low-carbon eco-city development, solutions and technical guidance. The project encourages and assists pilot cities to explore innovative financing mechanisms. The aim is to provide innovative financing experience for China’s new urbanization process.
The project has received high-level government endorsement in both Europe and China as a part of the EU-China Partnership on Urbanization, a broad political initiative promoting the development of adequate solutions for sustainable urban development. The technical assistance provided by EC-Link assists the Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development in shaping a national ecological and low-carbon framework, and helps Chinese municipalities with their own ecological, low-carbon urban development
Guidelines on Investment & Financing for Green Buildings
Green building investment and financing refers to the investment and financing behavior in the field of green building.
The green funding gap for green building construction in China is still large. To fill it, statistics predict that CNY 3 to 4 trillion worth of yearly investments are needed for the whole period of the 13th Five-Year Plan (2016-2020). According to prediction, of the total needed investment, only the 10% to 15% can come from the government, the rest is made of social capital. Therefore, it is necessary to effectively mobilize private capitals into the field of green building.
In the top-level design of green finance in China, there is a lack of docking schemes for green buildings, albeit efforts have been made in this regard. In August 2016, seven ministries and commissions, including the People's Bank of China, jointly issued the “Guidelines on Building a Green Financial System”, a blueprint for China's green financial development plan. However, they did not clearly point out the specific financing, financing methods and implementation methods of green finance for green buildings.
In summary, China's green building investment and financing sector urgently needs to set clear guidelines to ensure the green development of China's urban and rural construction to achieve the overall development goals of 2050.
The guideline aims to consider all the aspects of the green building financing, from the technical side (use of green technology and energy-saving effects) to the potential benefits and capital risks connected with the investments.
The objective is to embed ecological and environmental considerations (from financial to social externalizations) in the decision making process of the operators from the construction sectors.
Research Paper On Green Building in Zhuzhou
Th EC-Link Project organized a set of green building trainings selecting a team of expert from the EU and China, receiving full appreciation from the Municipal Governments of Zhuzhou.
Following up on the trainings, under the coordination of the EC-Link Project, the EU and Chinese experts (coming from the University of Stuttgart, in Germany, and the Southwest Architectural Design and Research Institute, in China) agreed to develop a research paper setting the guidelines for the development of sustainable building in special climates (winter cold and summer hot), with a focus on Zhuzhou.
If on the one side the research paper will identify the steps towards the design and construction of energy–efficient buildings, it will also foster a change in people’s behaviour with regards to sustainability and help introduce specific techniques and solution for Zhuzhou.
Urban Development and Growing International Trade Within the BRI
The growth in international trade and investments around the EU Trans European Network -Transport (TEN-T) policy and the Chinese Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) is leading to increasing transport volumes between China and the EU. Cities are the key nodes in these growing national, regional and intercontinental transport networks and should contribute to and benefit from the increased trade.
However, without proper planning and management, those urban nodes can become blockages in national and international transport flows. Local congestion around hubs and terminals can lead to reduced network efficiency and increased levels of local air pollution.
Chinese cities have an opportunity to plan the development of safe, clean and affordable transportation systems. The impact that such development can bring in terms of economic opportunities, human wellbeing, and climate change are determined by the choices city leaders make today: a sustainable urban/spatial hub development will be part of “resilient cities” with logistic hubs as part of the urban structures.
The proposed Project is designed to bring together Chinese and European Cities (such as Hamburg, Barcelona, Gothenburg) along key trade routes to work together to optimize their leading roles as national, regional and international hubs.
The EU and China together can define a model of rising trade and prosperity combined with healthy cities. To this aim, Europe and China need to work together to maximize the benefits of trade while minimizing potential negative impacts on cities.
Yunlong Green Demonstration District
Yunlong Demonstration Area is one of the five demonstration zones in the Chang-Zhu-Tan City Cluster “Resource Saving and Environmentally Friendly” Comprehensive Reform area. The area is located in the northern part of Zhuzhou, covers an area of hundreds of square meters and has a population of 66,400.
Positioned as an “eco-city, culture city and tourism city”, Yunlong Demonstration Area focuses on developing strategic industries including tourism, culture, finance and science and development. The objective is to forge the area into an eco-centre of the Chang-Zhu-Tan City Cluster.
Lead agency: Zhuzhou government
Implementing Agency: Zhuzhou government
Implementing Partners: Hunan University; Hunan University Ruige Energy Science Co., Ltd.
A 20% energy saving rate is expected to be achieved.