Hefei, capital city of Anhui province, is located between the Yangtze River and the Huaihe River, beside the Chaohu Lake. Its strategic position makes the city a natural center of transportation. For example, there is an easy way from Hefei to the Yangtze River cross the Chaohu lake, while the completion of the new railway station, and the extension of Hefei Airport coupled with the alignment of Nanfei River for a better shipping lane have even further improved the overall transportation routes around the area. As a result, the city had experienced a dramatic spatial expansion and economic growth.
Hefei Mission of Rural Sewage Treatment
On the morning of December 25, Mr. Yu Xinrong, deputy secretary of the Party Group and Deputy Minister of the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs of People’s Republic of Chinas, came to Hefei, Anhui Province to survey and research the way of rural domestic sewage treatment and presided over a symposium. Vice Governor of the Province Zhang Shuguang accompanied. Mr. Li Weiguo, Director of the Rural Social Undertakings Promotion Department of the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, Mr. NingQiwen, Deputy Director of the General Office of the Ministry, and Mr. Chen Yongqing, Deputy Director of the Department of Soil Ecology and Environment of the Ministry of Ecology and Environment, participated in the survey. Mr. Liu Weidong, deputy secretary general of the provincial government, Mr. Lu Shiren, director of the Provincial Department of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, Mr. Yang Zengquan, deputy director of the department, Mr. Song Zhigang, Member of the Party Group of the Provincial Department of Housing and Construction and chief engineer, and Mr. Wang Minsheng, deputy mayor, attended.
Mr. Yu Xinrong and his entourage went to the Fangfang Center Village, Huangpi Town, Chaohu City for a field study. The village, located in the north bank of Chaohu Lake, is a demonstration village for the construction of beautiful villages in Anhui Province in 2017. During the construction process, the village has newly laid down 9300 meters of rainwater pipe network, 243 sanitary toilets, 2 new public toilets, and a new sewage treatment station that can treat 50-ton sewage each day, making the domestic sewage treatment rate reach 95%. Mr. Yu also went to the sewage treatment station of the Fangfang Central Village and some of the villagers’ homes to learn more about their sewage treatment measures and achievements, and gave his high recognition.
Hefei Metropolitan Area Will Densify Its Road Network
The bidding for the project of constructing the section of the Xuancheng-Shangcheng Expressway that starts from Hefei to Jinzhai to Henan’s Shangcheng has started, which means that the blueprint of the feasibility study report is about to start drawing. As an important linkage-line within the province’s highway network planning, it will become an east-west important highway connecting Lu’an, Hefei and the Central Plains area of China.
The Xuancheng-Shangcheng Expressway is one of the important linkage lines in the provincial expressway network planning of “five verticals and nine horizontals”. It starts from Xuancheng City, through Nanling, Tongling, Wuwei, Lujiang, Shucheng, Huoshan and Jinzhai, and finally Shangcheng of Henan. It is of great significance for promoting the coordinated development of the east and west of the Hefei Metropolitan areas, and promoting the industrial structure transfer of the Hefei Economic Circle. It is a key east-west high-speed passage in Anhui Province.
The bidding section starts from the section of Fangxing Avenue to the Mayan of the G3 Jingtai Expressway, to connect the Wuwei-Hefei section, and go westward through Shucheng County, Huoshan County and Jinzhai County, to reach the junction of the Anhui province and Henan Province, and then to the Henan section of the S32 Xuancheng-Shangcheng Expressway. The route comes crossing the Hefei-Jiujiang Railway, Hefei-Anqing Passenger Dedicated, Shanghai-Hankou-Chengdu High-speed Railway, and crossing such rivers as the Fengle River, Hangbei Main Canal and Weihe River. It is about 180 kilometers in length and is built according to the standard of two-way four-lane expressway.
The construction of Xuancheng-Shangcheng Expressway is conducive to alleviating the traffic pressure of the Hefei-Liu’an Expressway and the Wuhu River Crossing. After its operation, Anhui will have another expressway that extends directly to the hinterland of the Central Plains. It will enhance the function of the Hefei National Comprehensive Hub and enhance its influence to surrounding regions.
EC-Link Project and Hefei Municipality Ready to Strengthen Their Cooperation
EC-Link Project and Hefei Municipality met in the view to strengthen their cooperation within Project’s activities. EC-Link and Hefei municipality have a long lasting cooperation that was expressed in the co-organization of the International Inter-City Lab held in Hefei in September 2017. Hefei Delegation was led by Mr. Daoyun Ma, Director, Hefei Urban Construction Bureau, together with Xueqing Hou, Division officer, Hefei Urban Construction Bureau; Shaochen Pan, Chief Planner, Anhui Provincial Urban Planning & Research Institute; Dongbing An, Director, Anhui Provincial Architecture Science Design & Research Institute.
Director Ma, Director of Hefei Urban Construction Bureau expressed his interest in deeper involvement of EC-Link activities. He wishes that future cooperation would tangle their current key challenge on the water contamination of Nanfei River, which is the mother river of Hefei City. Director Ma explained to EC-Link Team that the pollution is mainly due to the incomplete separation of drainage and sewage systems in downtown.
EC-Link Project and Hefei HURD agreed to keep constant communication in order to organize within June a technical site visit that will see the participation of International stakeholders and experts.
Hefei Inter City Lab (ICL) – Hefei, 19-21 September, 2017
On September 19-21, EC-Link Project, with the support of MoHURD, EUD and the Hefei Municipality has organized an Inter-City Lab (ICL) focused on water management, solid waste management and clean energy sectors.
The event has seen the participation of 120 delegates representing 8 European cities (Barcelona, Berlin, Bordeaux, Hamburg, Liverpool, Mannheim, Valencia and Växjö), 7 Chinese provinces (Anhui, Guangdong, Guangxi, Henan, Hunan, Qinghai and Shandong), 9 Chinese municipalities (Changzhou, Guilin, Hefei, Luoyang, Nanjing, Qingdao, Weihai, Zhuhai and Zhuzhou), representatives from local and provincial academies and research centers, European and Chinese experts.
During the event, among the many speeches, Ma’am Tong Guichan, Director of the Division of International Cooperation of MoHURD, affirmed the crucial importance of sustainable development of Chinese cities and the strong support of MoHURD to EC Link Project; Mr. Wang Daorong, Deputy Director General of Hefei Municipality, stated the great commitment of Hefei City to develop more environmental sustainable projects and the great importance of events like Hefei ICL where Chinese cities have the opportunity to share their experience with multiple European ones; Mr. Andrea Claser, Team Leader of EC-Link Project, stressed the full commitment of the Project to be a key component for Chinese and European cities in order to share mutual experiences and hopefully develop long term cooperation; Mr. Florian Steinberg, Senior Urban Planner – EC-Link, provided important insights and specific examples about ongoing Chinese urban renewal and revitalization.
During the three days gathering, European and Chinese representatives have been sharing experiences and knowledge with the intent to create the so called City Network Units (CNUs); these new established working groups of Chinese and EU cities (CNUs) will work together to adapt selected practices/procedures to the Chinese urban context, so to allow an effective know how transfer.
In upcoming months, European and Chinese cities will work together with the intent to develop joint technical teams meant to be the baseline of long term cooperation programs and technology exchange in multiple areas such as: water governance and integrated river basin, zero landfill policy, renewable energy from bio-waste, urban storm water management, district heating from co-generating power plants, waste water treatment for the removal of harmful pollutants, municipal solid waste management, and many others.
EC-LINK Team Visited City of He Fei for Strengthening the Cooperation
On 11th of August, 2017, EC Link Team met with He Fei HURD representatives.
The mission was organized to strengthen the dialogue with one of EC-LINK 10 pilot cities, discuss about ongoing Project’s activities (in particular about Hefei ICL), cooperation activities between He Fei and possible European cities and have a better understanding of ongoing projects in He Fei.
During the mission, EC-LINK team member firstly introduce the new development of the project since 2017 and the concept of City Network Unit (CNU). Mr. MA Daoyun, Deputy-Director of Hefei Urban-Rural Construction Committee, expressed his understanding and expectation of the EC-Link project and stressed the interest for He Fei to continue to have an active role and fully support the ICL activity which held in He Fei this September.
Moreover, He Fei representatives highlighted the importance to solve the water environment governance issues in Hefei, including: Chaohu Lake comprehensive management and the remediation work to the source of water pollution.
EC Link Team assured that the Project will provide constant support to He Fei city in terms of projects development and for the selection of European partners ready to provide the ecological technology and European experience of industrial restructuring.
EC-Link Pilot Cities Selected
Beijing, 9 March: The Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development (MoHURD) announced a list of pilot cities of the EC-Link project today, including: Zhuhai, Luoyang, Changzhou, Hefei, Qingdao, Weihai, Zhuzhou, Liuzhou, Guilin and Xixian.
With the support of EC-Link, pilot cities will develop projects in the fields of compact urban development, clean energy, green building, green transport, solid waste management, water management, municipal financing, urban regeneration and green industry. Through learning urbanization experience from Europe, the pilot cities will serve as models for China’s low-carbon ecological development.
China is experiencing rapid urbanization. Over the past 30 years, Chinese cities have achieved extraordinary economic growth. In 2014, the urbanization rate reached 54.77%, which greatly improved people’s living standard. However, rapid urbanization also brought huge pressure to energy supply, natural resources and the environment. China hence faces huge challenges in environment protection, energy efficiency and industrial transformation. It is therefore of high importance to explore a green, low-carbon and ecological development path.
In that connection, the EC-Link project will make a significant contribution to promoting a Xiaokang society, China’s new urbanization planning, energy saving and climate adaptation, as well as EU-China urbanization partnership. Today, Europe’s urbanization rate has reached 75%. Over the past 150 years, European countries experienced similar challenges: the great smog of 1952 in London killed over 5000 lives in a short span of one week; the air pollution in Ruhr made blue sky a distant dream for citizens…However, the blue sky and fresh air in Europe make it hard to imagine the polluted days in the past, which was only made possible through generations’ remarkable efforts. In this process, Europe has accumulated valuable experience and developed advanced technologies in the fields of urban planning, green transportation, green building, renewable energy and water management. Many European cities have become eco-city models such as Freiburg in Germany, Copenhagen in Demark and Malmo in Sweden.
EC-Link will bring in European experience, implement best practices in pilot projects, build a knowledge and policy sharing platform, improve city financing and PPP mechanisms and provide more opportunities for practical cooperation between China and Europe and technology transfer.
The project platform will be service-oriented, with the aim to provide comprehensive consultancy for low-carbon eco-city development, solutions and technical guidance. The project encourages and assists pilot cities to explore innovative financing mechanisms. The aim is to provide innovative financing experience for China’s new urbanization process.
The project has received high-level government endorsement in both Europe and China as a part of the EU-China Partnership on Urbanization, a broad political initiative promoting the development of adequate solutions for sustainable urban development. The technical assistance provided by EC-Link assists the Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development in shaping a national ecological and low-carbon framework, and helps Chinese municipalities with their own ecological, low-carbon urban development
Guidelines on Investment & Financing for Green Buildings
Green building investment and financing refers to the investment and financing behavior in the field of green building.
The green funding gap for green building construction in China is still large. To fill it, statistics predict that CNY 3 to 4 trillion worth of yearly investments are needed for the whole period of the 13th Five-Year Plan (2016-2020). According to prediction, of the total needed investment, only the 10% to 15% can come from the government, the rest is made of social capital. Therefore, it is necessary to effectively mobilize private capitals into the field of green building.
In the top-level design of green finance in China, there is a lack of docking schemes for green buildings, albeit efforts have been made in this regard. In August 2016, seven ministries and commissions, including the People's Bank of China, jointly issued the “Guidelines on Building a Green Financial System”, a blueprint for China's green financial development plan. However, they did not clearly point out the specific financing, financing methods and implementation methods of green finance for green buildings.
In summary, China's green building investment and financing sector urgently needs to set clear guidelines to ensure the green development of China's urban and rural construction to achieve the overall development goals of 2050.
The guideline aims to consider all the aspects of the green building financing, from the technical side (use of green technology and energy-saving effects) to the potential benefits and capital risks connected with the investments.
The objective is to embed ecological and environmental considerations (from financial to social externalizations) in the decision making process of the operators from the construction sectors.
Urban Development and Growing International Trade Within the BRI
The growth in international trade and investments around the EU Trans European Network -Transport (TEN-T) policy and the Chinese Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) is leading to increasing transport volumes between China and the EU. Cities are the key nodes in these growing national, regional and intercontinental transport networks and should contribute to and benefit from the increased trade.
However, without proper planning and management, those urban nodes can become blockages in national and international transport flows. Local congestion around hubs and terminals can lead to reduced network efficiency and increased levels of local air pollution.
Chinese cities have an opportunity to plan the development of safe, clean and affordable transportation systems. The impact that such development can bring in terms of economic opportunities, human wellbeing, and climate change are determined by the choices city leaders make today: a sustainable urban/spatial hub development will be part of “resilient cities” with logistic hubs as part of the urban structures.
The proposed Project is designed to bring together Chinese and European Cities (such as Hamburg, Barcelona, Gothenburg) along key trade routes to work together to optimize their leading roles as national, regional and international hubs.
The EU and China together can define a model of rising trade and prosperity combined with healthy cities. To this aim, Europe and China need to work together to maximize the benefits of trade while minimizing potential negative impacts on cities.
Yuwan Sewage Treatment Plant
Yuwan Wastewater Treatment Plant is located in the north-eastern part of Hefei city. Its service covers Xinzhan district and northern Feidong county. The wastewater treatment plant currently mainly treats industrial wastewater produced by the Jingdongfang 10th Generation Tablet Production Line located in Xinzhan District, as well as domestic wastewater produced in the service area. The wastewater treatment plant aims to meet the ever-increasing demands for the sewage disposal within the area, which is crucial for improving regional water environment and optimizing the investment environment in Hefei city.
The project has fully taken into consideration the complex components of industrial wastewater, its lack of biodegradability, huge variation in water quality and quantity and potential damage to ecosystems, as well as high discharge standards, when selecting treatment technologies. The project therefore adopts advanced and effective technologies which can adapt to the variations in water quantity and quality.
Leading agency: Hefei Urban and Rural Construction Committee
Implementation agency: Hefei Municipal Drainage Management Office
Partners: Shanghai Municipal Engineering Design Institute (Group)Co.,Ltd.
- Ecological cities influence: Water discharge reaches A level standard. Four indexes, including TP,TN,NH3 and CODcr 4, reach surface water environmental quality IV standard (TN excluded).
- Beneficiaries: 300,000 people.
- Assets Involved: A total investment of 498.6 million RMB. Engineering budget for phase one is 392.5 million RMB.
- Jobs created: 50 construction and management jobs.