Zhuhai is a prefecture-level city on the southern coast of the Guangdong Province in China. One of China's first Special Economic Zones (SEZ), the city has always prioritized ecological development, boasting one of the best environments in China. The establishment of Zhuhai as an SEZ allowed the Chinese Central Government to have easier access to Macau and, consequently, to the global markets. Thanks to the implementation of the Special Economy Zone, the city has become a key port city, a core science and education centre, a main scenic and tourism city, and a regional hub for transportation.
EC-Link Project Supporting the Overall Strategy and Policy on Building “Zhuhai Resilient City””
On November 19-21, 2019, EC-Link Project, together with Dutch experts from World Waternet (Amsterdam) and Palmboute Urban Landscape (Rotterdam), performed a workshop and gave a set of presentations on resilient city development within the framework of Revision Zhuhai Urban Planning and Technical Standard and Guidelines.
The assignment is under the EC-LINK project and was requested by Zhuhai Housing and Urban & Rural Development Bureau in 2018.
The on-going research papers will give an overall strategy and policy direction on building resilient city Zhuhai. At the same time, it will provide specific technical figures and examples of resilience on building and neighbourhood levels, which will guide Zhuhai’s future sustainable urban development.
The three days workshop were extremely important to allow European and Chinese experts to exchange their information and knowledge to allow EC-Link Project to effectively support Zhuhai municipality in its process to build a effective “resilient city”.
European experts presented four specific lectures:
- Lecture 1: Managing compound flood risks under climate change, especially in the delta areas of Zhuhai
- Lecture 2: Flood risk and water management in the Netherlands
- Lecture 3: Resilient City Development in the Netherlands
- Lecture 4: Resilient City Development in Zhuhai.
Following, European experts presented the EC-Link report on revision of Zhuhai Urban Planning Technical Standard & Guidelines, also they have presented their recommendations and the results of applying these principles in the pilot projects in Zhuhai. Afterwards, Chinese experts from Zhuhai Natural Resource have given the feedback and exchanged their ideas.
The research report will be adjusted according to comments from Zhuhai Municipality and will be finalized by the end of March 2020.
Zhuhai Made One Of The Top Ten In The Ranking Of China’s Sustainable Comprehensive Development Cities In 2018 And It Is The Second Consecutive Time To Top The List
On August 29, China Center for International Economic Exchanges (CCIEE) and the Social Sciences Academic Press (SSAP) jointly released the Blue Book on Sustainable Development: China Sustainable Development Evaluation Report (2019). Based on the basic framework of China’s indicator system of sustainable development evaluation, the report provided a comprehensive and systematic data validation and analysis, and ranked sustainable development of the country, provinces and large and medium-sized cities in 2018. Among the cities ranked, Zhuhai surpasses Shenzhen, Beijing, Guangzhou and other cities, ranking atop in the comprehensive ranking of sustainable development in 2018.
The First Phase Project To Upgrade The Seaside Park Is Fully Completed And The Park Is Open To The Public
Yuehua Garden has been undergoing renovations of a number of items since the beginning of May, learned the reporter today from the Yuehua Garden, a subsidiary of Zhuhai Urban Construction Group. This is a major transformation of the seaside park in recent years. The first phase is mainly focused on greening and asphalting the roads. And it has been completed and is open to Zhuhai citizens.
It is reported that laying asphalt on the main roads is one of the main tasks of this project. In order to make the park environment more beautiful and comfortable, the park has upgraded the main garden roads with asphalt pavement, and distinguished fast and slow trails by red and black colors. The total area covered under the project is over 10,000 square meters. Thus the cement roads with more than 20 years of history have been transformed into the clean and beautiful asphalt roads where citizens and tourists can not only walk in the garden, breathe fresh air, but also exercise in the beautiful scenery.
EC-Link Project And EU Experts From Sweden Cooperating With Zhuhai In Improving Their WTE Plant.
EC-Link Project, together with EU experts coming from Sweden are supporting Zhuhai municipality in improving local waste to energy plant in light of the planned second phase development.
EC-Link and Swedish experts from Sweco, during an initial site visit, were introduced in detail to the plant and the newly introduced technology. The site visit was very useful to have in depth discussion about on-going processing, management and maintenance systems.
Swedish experts presented their extensive experience on solid waste separation and collection in Sweden, policy strategy, techniques and best practices; moreover, from Chinese side, China Environmental Design & Research Institute introduced Chinese national policy and implementation strategies in solid waste sector.
The technical discussion focused on following main aspects:
- How to treat the fly ash;
- What are the main methods which have been used in European countries;
- The standard of emission of EU in recent years;
- Suggestions of new technology to prevent high temperature corrosion problems.
After intensive technical discussion between Chinese and European experts, both sides have a good understanding of the work to be performed; it was agreed that EU experts will present a technical report providing comments and suggestions to improve introduced plans to be finalized by September 2019.
EC-Link Project And EU Experts From Spain Cooperating With Zhuhai In Improving Local Industrial Waste Water Treatment Plant.
EC-Link Project, together with EU experts coming from the city of Valencia (Spain) are supporting Zhuhai municipality in improving Zhuhai Fushan No.1 Industrial water purification plant providing support and advisory for the second phase construction of this plant.
EC-Link selected Valencia due to its huge history and experience in municipal and industrial waste management solution and systems; in parallel, Chinese municipalities have increased their focus and efforts towards combating and properly manage the high amount of wastewater yearly generated by its developed industrial sector.
Valencia experts, in their presentation, introduced waste water treatment method and development in Valencia and recent most developed techniques present in Europe, in particular regarding European standard of deodorization and effective solution (such as energy saving) to reach an efficient management of a water plant.
Moreover, Valencia experts have expressed that they can facilitate delegation from Zhuhai to visit Valencia and other cities in Spain on the topic of waste water treatment etc.
After technical discussion between Chinese and European experts, both sides have a good understanding of each other; Valencia experts agreed to draft a technical supporting report to be finalized by September 2019.
Europe-China Initiative Marks World Environment Day with Pilot Resilience Projects
Europe-China initiative marks World Environment Day by inaugurating multiple pilot resilience projects in Zhuhai city in southern China’s Guangdong province. The effort represents EC-Link’s ongoing initiative to build an EU-CHINA platform on resilient city development.
The pilot projects are designed to help Zhuhai city, one of EC Link’s pilot cities, better understand the challenges it faces in urban resilience development, review its ability to face them and unite its people, projects, and priorities, and thus reduce vulnerabilities to expected and unexpected impacts of climate change.
With a coastline stretching 690km and subject to tropical hurricanes during summer, the city is exposed to high risks of extreme weather conditions, including typhoons, heavy rainstorms and floods. The projects in Zhuhai for building a resilient city will act as a template to provide local experiences and good models of urban resilience for larger-scale or nation-wide practice.
China has seen an increasing number of cities with inadequate flood-control measures during its fast-urban sprawl. On average, around 200 cities are faced with the problem of waterlogging caused by rain or storms every year while many of the cities affected by flooding are desperately short of water.
EC-Link Project invited to Zhuhai, experts from the Netherlands and Italy, bringing best urban resilience experiences from Europe. Principles and processes of a resilient city’s construction and excellent examples of resilience development in European cities have been introduced to Zhuhai's Urban Planning and Technical Standard & Guidelines, laying the foundation for Zhuhai resilient city's development.
EC-Link experts also gave significant inputs to Zhuhai urban planning strategies in terms of management and protection of historical heritage. EC-Link contribution further enriches Zhuhai Urban Construction Archives (ZUCA) that, since 1983, constitutes the most important source of documentation for city’s urban planning, construction and management.
At the neighborhood level, a few micro plots and public seminars were held in a few of neighborhoods, encouraging public participation to realize the resilient city concept. Experts are to conduct a preliminary study for the city’s coastal areas -lover’s road. They will focus on creating a level and flood defense typology specific for the broader Zhuhai area by mapping the developing or transforming areas.
Both European and Chinese sides agree to strengthen cooperation to help Chinese cities learn from European models, concepts and technologies of urban resilience.
The EC-Link project is a key component of the EU-China Partnership on Sustainable Urbanization, signed by the Chinese government and European Commission in May 2012. The initiative launched in November 2013 with the aim of assisting Chinese cities in implementing energy and resource-efficient measures by sharing experiences in sustainable urbanization with cities in Europe.
Strengthening Planning And Usage Control And Achieving Quality Improvement Of Urban Delicacy Management
Zhuhai will systematically promote the national land space planning while taking into account both economic development and environmental protection.
It will further reconcile the provincial land space planning. By using the third national land survey results, it will simultaneously promote Zhuhai’s national land space planning, striving to complete before the end of the year and effectively playing the guiding role of strategy and the role of rigid control. The planning will consider both people’s livelihood and livability, to complete special and detailed planning at high level. It will complete the planning of forest towns, the overall planning of nature reserves, the planning of forest management and the planning of state-owned forest farms, the special plans for promotion of district-level urban renewal, so to promote the landmark projects such as urban balconies, Fenghuangshan Mountain and Banzhangshan Mountain viewing pavilions and to improve the urban livability.
Source: WeChat — Guangdong Natural Resources
Zhuhai City Plans to Invest 143 Projects with a Total Investment of 96 Billion Yuan
Recently, the Municipal Development and Reform Bureau issued the Notice for Soliciting Public Opinion on the Three-Year Rolling Plan of the Government Investment Projects in Zhuhai City in 2019-2021. The municipal government plans to invest 143 projects in the next three years, with a total investment of 96 billion yuan.
Among the 143 projects, 51 unfinished projects will be continued in 2019. In the same year, 59 new projects are to be commenced as planned. In 2020, 31 new projects are to be commenced. And in 2021, 2 new projects will be commenced as planned.
The reporter reviewed the Notice and found that the 143 government-invested projects are mainly divided into 9 categories: rural infrastructure projects, medical health projects, culture and arts and sports projects, public education projects, public safety and social security projects, ecological protection and environmental governance projects, transportation infrastructure projects, municipal infrastructure projects, and other public service projects.
Cooperation Framework Agreement to Jointly Promote the Construction of New Smart City In Zhuhai
On December 24, Zhuhai Municipal Government and Ping An Group signed a “Smart Zhuhai” Framework of Cooperation (FoC). The two parties will focus on the construction of a new smart city in Zhuhai, and carry out the cooperation in fields of urban governance, governance improvement, public services, optimization of talent structure, digital economy, industrial upgrading, etc. Mr. Yao Yusheng, Mayor and Deputy Secretary of the Municipal Party Committee, and Mr. XieYonglin, Co-CEO of Ping An Group and Chairman of Ping An Bank, witnessed the signing ceremony. Mr. Lu Xiaofeng, Deputy Mayor, and Mr. ZhuangXiaodong, Chairman of Ping An Group’s Urban Construction Technology Co., Ltd. signed the agreement on behalf of the two parties.
According to the agreement, by adhering to the principle of mutual benefit, common development and steady advancement, based on the overall planning of the smart city in Zhuhai and the overall framework of “four beams and eight pillars”, and by using Ping An Group’s professional advantages of “finance + technology + ecology” and high-quality resources, the two parties will constantly explore new ways of innovative services in terms of political party building, government affairs, finance, urban construction, public safety, life convenience service, transportation, education, pension, medical care, environmental protection, ports and industrial promotion, to achieve “optimization of the government by scientific and technological excellence, enhancement of the economy through digitalization, and introduction of talents”, build Zhuhai into a China model of “digital governing benchmark, a model city in the Great Bay Area, an innovative development highland, and a smart city in the Greater Bay Area between Guangdong, Hong Kong and Macau”, and eventually a “world-class smart city”.
Ping An Group is one of the top-three financial consortiums in China. With the “smart, intelligent and knowledge” as its core concept and relying on its core technologies of artificial intelligence, intelligent cognition, block chain and cloud, Ping An Smart City has created a “1+N” smart-city platform system which focuses on Smart City Life, governance affairs and other service areas that are closely related to social life and industries.
Lovers Avenue Enhancement Is Taken Nearby Yeli Island
Renewal and broadening of the 1.2-km (nearly a mile) Lovers Avenue greenbelt from Haixia Rest Station to Yeli Island's Xinyue (New Moon) Bridge has been completed, according to XiangzhouZhengfang Holdings.
Brought into balance and harmony with the seaside and Zhuhai Opera House is a 24,800-sq-m (six-acre) park in Wanzaisha of Old Xiangzhou. Seedlings have planted, signs posted, damaged trees and their bamboo supports removed, puddles drained, shrubs and hedges replaced, and withered trees trimmed or taken out.
The extended promenade features turtle shell-shaped terrain, a curving balustrade atop a new plank road, lamp-lit bikeway, and new automatic irrigation systems. The gentle gradient enables a wider horizon and uses space more efficiently, making the greenbelt an intimate part of coastal scenery. New vegetation and nine kinds of in-season flowers further adorn the route. Restoration of the 1.3-km section from the Xinyue Bridge to Gangkou Road (Xiangzhou Port) has now commenced.
EC-Link Project Cooperating with Zhuhai In Flood Risk Management
On December 10-13, 2018, EC-Link Team, together with European experts, went to Zhuhai in line with on-going activates related to flood risk management, sea level raise and salinization of sweet water.
In specific the discussion focussed on the best solutions to protect the coastal area located in the East side of the city, at North of Qian Huan new development area. This area was strongly affected by the typhoons during last summer, that generated 31,4 billion RMB of damages, destroying about 7.000 houses and involving about 640.000 inhabitants, more than one third of Zhuhai population (1.7 million).
Zhuhai is already adopting protective measures, but, in light of the impressive consequences of this natural disaster, they are asking for a deeper analysis and further solutions to be applied. As a preliminary indication, European experts suggested that the problem has to be addressed not only at the scale of technical/infrastructural solutions. A more integrated approach based also on the urban scale (in terms of revision of planning choices) and the interaction of the several municipal divisions (environment, planning and economic) is needed.
It was agreed that European experts will provide 3/4 practical applications focussing on specific urgent needs of some part of the coastal areas and the elaboration of a Road Map combined with toolboxes.
European and Chinese Cities Keen to Work Together to Embrace Resilience Strategies
Several European cities and Zhuhai City in southern China’s Guangdong province are willing to step up further cooperation to embrace resilience strategies after a workshop by the Europe-China Eco Cities Link project (EC Link) in Zhuhai from the 12th to the 13th of June.
Resilience strategies in a global sense are when a city understands the challenges it faces; reviews its ability to face them and unites its people, projects, and priorities, so urban centres can act collectively to meet their resilience challenges.
The EC-Link Project invited to Zhuhai senior advisors, experts and urban planners from Amsterdam, Rotterdam, Bologna and Valencia, who brought proposals for comprehensive urban water strategies and effective European solutions to transforming a city under risk of great natural disasters, such as earthquakes, or floods into a resilient and sustainable city. Attending the meeting were around 100 experts, officials and professionals, including the director of Zhuhai Municipal Bureau of Housing and Urban-Rural Development (HURD), chief engineer of Zhuhai MBHURD and leaders from Zhuhai Institute of Urban Planning and Design.
Zhuhai, one of EC-Link’s pilot cities, seeks to identify the best practices of storm management, water management and urban resilience governance. With a coastline stretching 690 km and under the influence of tropical hurricanes during summer, the city is exposed to high risks of extreme weather disasters such as typhoon, heavy rain storm and floods. These threats were epitomized by Typhoon Hato, which inflicted direct economic losses exceeding 20 billion yuan on the city.
The city is poised to revise its general urban planning before 2020 which requires an upgrade of urban resilience in a systematic way. Experts from the European cities reviewed the Zhuhai Urban Planning and Design Technical Guidelines and gave advice on investment decisions, social inclusion and other technical elements. The meeting reflects EC-LINK's continuous efforts to build an EU-CHINA plafform on low carbon and ecological city development. After the meeting, both EC-LINK Project Zhuhai city planners will continue their dialogua in order to evolve pilot proposals and a disaster risk management framework of Zhuhai to assess, plan and enhance the capability of responding to natural hazards.
The pilot project in Zhuhai for building a resilient city will act as a template to provide local experiences and good models of urban resilience for larger-scale or nation-wide practice. China has seen an increasing number of cities with inadequate flood-control measures during its fast urban sprawl. On average, around 200 cities are faced with the problem of waterlogging caused by rain or storms every year.
The EC-Link project is a key component of the EU-China Partnership on Sustainable Urbanization, which was signed by the Chinese government and European Commission in May 2012. The initiative was launched in November 2013 with the aim of assisting Chinese cities in implementing energy and resource-efficient measures by sharing experiences in sustainable urbanization with cities in Europe.
EC-Link Project and CSTB Ready to Start Their Cooperation
EC-Link Team met in Zhuhai the Centre Scientifique et Technique du Batement (CSTB). The Agency operates on behalf of French cities such as Grenoble and Nantes.
CSTB delegation was represented by Cristina Garcez – Urban Strategies Director; Daniela Belziti – Project Manager; Wu Dan – China Project Manager.
The meeting focused on the possible cooperation with CSTB in the frame of CNU activities on Sustainable Urban Planning and Green building sectors, also in light of the best practices presented by Cristina Garcez, Daniela Belziti and David Mangin, who attended EC-Link sub-forum held in the frame of Zhuhai International conference on Green building.
CSTB has great experience in France in the development sustainable urban plans; this experience has been already integrated developing successful cooperation with local cities such as Jingzhou, Qingyun, Jilin and Panshi. CSTB successful experience is based on taking into account each city’s history and needs and merging them also with specific social and economic aspects. Moreover, CSTB has been developing the Building Information Modeling (BIM); it supports the emergence of the «eco-districts» concept relying on multi-criteria KPIs systems in response to different aims and stakeholders’ strategies at both local and national levels; moreover, BIM could support the development of municipal eco-city label in Chinese cities.
It was agreed to strengthen communication among two Teams in the frame of a complete Training and CNU proposal. EC-Link will keep informed its Pilot cities (but not only) regarding future on-going activities.
EC-Link Project and Zhuhai Municipality Ready to Strengthen Their Cooperation
Zhuhai – April 3rd, 2018
EC-Link Project and Zhuhai Municipality met in the view to strengthen their cooperation within Project’s activities. EC-Link and Hefei municipality have a long lasting cooperation that was expressed in the co-organization of the International Inter-City Lab held in Zhuhai in 2017.
Zhuhai Delegation was led by Mr. Zhaohui Wang, Director of Zhuhai Housing & Urban-Rural Development Bureau, together with Qiancong Peng, Director of Zhuhai Urban-Rural Planning & Information Center; Zhentao Zhang, Vice-Director of Zhuhai Urban-Rural Planning & Information Center; Meng Zhou, Vice-Director of Zhuhai Urban-Rural Planning & Information Center; Zhiming Xu, Director of Zhuhai Municipal Building Energy-Saving Office; Guan Liu, Director of Zhuhai Architecture Design & Research Institute.
Director Wang first of all expressed the importance of the on-going cooperation with EC-Link Project and the willingness to strengthen it in upcoming months. More specifically, he stressed that the dialogue could be based on multiple aspects:
- Green building sector for sustainable urban development
- Land reclamation & harbour city development
- Sponge city & resilient city
- Low carbon urban planning
- Flood prevention for planning & building regulations
EC-Link and Zhuhai agreed to organize a series of training events to be held in May and June, 2018. The training events will see the participation of International stakeholders and experts; at the moment is confirmed that European cities of Valencia (Spain), Bologna (Italy) and Rotterdam (Netherland) will send their delegations to Zhuhai in light of EC-Link “City Network Unit” activity meant to facilitate the dialogue and fruitful cooperation among European and Chinese municipalities.
EC-Link Project participated at the 14th International Conference on Green and Energy-Efficient Building & New Technologies and Products Expo
Launched by the Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development, on April 2-3, 2018, EC-Link Project participated to the 14th International Conference on Green and Energy-Efficient Building & New Technologies and Products Expo held in Zhuhai in the International Convention & Exhibition Centre. During the event, high level European and Chinese speakers introduced and shared practical experience of on-going EU-China International Programs in Green Building Sector.
EC-Link Project hosted a Forum on Green Building entitled: “Europe-China Forum on Eco-City and Energy Efficiency Innovations”.
The Forum has seen the participation of Chinese Local Governments (Zhuhai, Hefei, Tianjin, etc.), academicians, and Chinese private companies. The intent of the Forum was to introduce to the audience European experience and best practices in the Green Building Sector.
Mr. Andrea Claser, Team leader of EC-Link Project, introduced the Project and its purpose, highlighting the sustenance that it is giving in supporting the dialogue between European and Chinese cities and correlated introduction of best practices among multiple sectors such as: sustainable urban planning, green building, and water and waste management.
The first presentation “The Development of Eco-City: Cases Sharing” was from Ms. Cristina Garcez (director of Regional Strategy Office of Ministry of Ecology, Sustainable Development and Energy in France) and Mr. David Magnin (professor of School Architecture, University of Marne-La-Vallee in France); they have given different eco -city cases in France and in China in order to compare them, from different approaches and thus in different results.
The second presentation “Refurbishment in EU – Challenges and Game Changers” was given by Mr. Uwe Bigalke, the team leader of division of energy – Efficient Buildings of German Energy Agency. He has presented the new techniques and method of how to improve energy efficiency in renovated building.
The third presentation “The innovation and Development of passive House in China” was from Mr. Li Congxiao – deputy secretary general of Green Building Council of Chinese Society for Urban Studies. He provided many good examples of passive houses in China and the techniques in details.
The fourth presentation “The sustainable rehabilitation of villages and old neighbourhoods with their inhabitants” was from Mr. Jean Mark Natali, the founder & Chairman of URBANIS. He stressed the social aspects of the sustainability and inhabitants’ involvement in such process. The fifth presentation “Eco-cities assessment: pragmatic approach and examples to foster pedagogy, adaptability, operational capability and innovativeness” was from Ms. Daniela Belziti- the project manager of smart and Sustainable City in French Scientific & Technology centre for Building. She pointed out the importance of government support/regulations/assessment for making an eco-city.
The Forum received great appreciation from present Chinese stakeholders, both in terms of knowledge sharing and also in light of future possible cooperation with EC-Link Project.
EC-Link team in Zhuhai
The EC-Link team met with Vice-Mayor Yisheng Zhang in Zhuhai on 19 April 2017. The Vice-Mayor reaffirmed Zhuhai's interest in cooperating with European cities and institutions on creating sustainable urban environments. Meetings with the Director and Vice-Director of the municipal Housing and Urban-Rural Development Bureau and the local EC-Link project task force confirmed their strong support for EC-Link.
Intercity lab on sustainable water management
Zhuhai, one of the two integrated pilot cities of EC-Link, is planning the regeneration of its river Qianshan. In this process, Zhuhai invited and hosted the EC-Link learning community of pilot cities to discuss sustainable water management practices.
Following an introduction of challenges faced in the frame of the Qianshan river rehabilitation, participants, including representatives of various municipal water bureaus, European and Chinese experts and companies, discussed related issues and came out with a common understanding that innovative technical monitoring and remediation solutions surely are important aspects, however good regional coordination soon appeared a key success factor.
Best practices from England as well as the Liao River management experience in China were shared by Atkins representative and water experts Simon Spooner. Solutions for better water stewardship were suggested by Pin Tian from Bureau Veritas.
An innovative Sino-German cooperation project on wastewater management in Qingdao, semi-central, was presented as inspiration to cities planning for waste water treatment plants, such as Xixian and Weihai. The semi-centralized system, integrating streams of waste water treatment, waste treatment and heat supply, offers a more efficient solution than a centralized option. During the discussions, participants actively debated on the feasibility of replicating this approach with regard to the project financing and general awareness towards decentralized solutions.
Sponge city concepts from various cities in Europe were shared by Dr. Giovanna Rossato, from the architecture and planning firm Progetto CMR, in response to questions from the city of Zhuhai planning its sponge city concept.
Participants were impressed by the interactive format of the workshop and comment the INTERCITY LAB as mind-opening, inspirational and meaningful.
EC-Link Pilot Cities Selected
Beijing, 9 March: The Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development (MoHURD) announced a list of pilot cities of the EC-Link project today, including: Zhuhai, Luoyang, Changzhou, Hefei, Qingdao, Weihai, Zhuzhou, Liuzhou, Guilin and Xixian.
With the support of EC-Link, pilot cities will develop projects in the fields of compact urban development, clean energy, green building, green transport, solid waste management, water management, municipal financing, urban regeneration and green industry. Through learning urbanization experience from Europe, the pilot cities will serve as models for China’s low-carbon ecological development.
China is experiencing rapid urbanization. Over the past 30 years, Chinese cities have achieved extraordinary economic growth. In 2014, the urbanization rate reached 54.77%, which greatly improved people’s living standard. However, rapid urbanization also brought huge pressure to energy supply, natural resources and the environment. China hence faces huge challenges in environment protection, energy efficiency and industrial transformation. It is therefore of high importance to explore a green, low-carbon and ecological development path.
In that connection, the EC-Link project will make a significant contribution to promoting a Xiaokang society, China’s new urbanization planning, energy saving and climate adaptation, as well as EU-China urbanization partnership. Today, Europe’s urbanization rate has reached 75%. Over the past 150 years, European countries experienced similar challenges: the great smog of 1952 in London killed over 5000 lives in a short span of one week; the air pollution in Ruhr made blue sky a distant dream for citizens…However, the blue sky and fresh air in Europe make it hard to imagine the polluted days in the past, which was only made possible through generations’ remarkable efforts. In this process, Europe has accumulated valuable experience and developed advanced technologies in the fields of urban planning, green transportation, green building, renewable energy and water management. Many European cities have become eco-city models such as Freiburg in Germany, Copenhagen in Demark and Malmo in Sweden.
EC-Link will bring in European experience, implement best practices in pilot projects, build a knowledge and policy sharing platform, improve city financing and PPP mechanisms and provide more opportunities for practical cooperation between China and Europe and technology transfer.
The project platform will be service-oriented, with the aim to provide comprehensive consultancy for low-carbon eco-city development, solutions and technical guidance. The project encourages and assists pilot cities to explore innovative financing mechanisms. The aim is to provide innovative financing experience for China’s new urbanization process.
The project has received high-level government endorsement in both Europe and China as a part of the EU-China Partnership on Urbanization, a broad political initiative promoting the development of adequate solutions for sustainable urban development. The technical assistance provided by EC-Link assists the Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development in shaping a national ecological and low-carbon framework, and helps Chinese municipalities with their own ecological, low-carbon urban development
Guidelines on Investment & Financing for Green Buildings
Green building investment and financing refers to the investment and financing behavior in the field of green building.
The green funding gap for green building construction in China is still large. To fill it, statistics predict that CNY 3 to 4 trillion worth of yearly investments are needed for the whole period of the 13th Five-Year Plan (2016-2020). According to prediction, of the total needed investment, only the 10% to 15% can come from the government, the rest is made of social capital. Therefore, it is necessary to effectively mobilize private capitals into the field of green building.
In the top-level design of green finance in China, there is a lack of docking schemes for green buildings, albeit efforts have been made in this regard. In August 2016, seven ministries and commissions, including the People's Bank of China, jointly issued the “Guidelines on Building a Green Financial System”, a blueprint for China's green financial development plan. However, they did not clearly point out the specific financing, financing methods and implementation methods of green finance for green buildings.
In summary, China's green building investment and financing sector urgently needs to set clear guidelines to ensure the green development of China's urban and rural construction to achieve the overall development goals of 2050.
The guideline aims to consider all the aspects of the green building financing, from the technical side (use of green technology and energy-saving effects) to the potential benefits and capital risks connected with the investments.
The objective is to embed ecological and environmental considerations (from financial to social externalizations) in the decision making process of the operators from the construction sectors.
Development On Sponge City, Resilient City and Ecological Environment in Zhuhai
In summer 2018, EC-Link and the Zhuhai Municipality signed a “Letter of Intent for the Promotion of Cooperation with the EC-Link Project”. Indeed the Project will provide clear guidance and work plans for the overall low-carbon ecological development strategy in accordance with the city's demand. In particular, EC-link will participate in the planning research, in the technical demonstration, cooperation, exchange and promotion of different pilot projects:
QianHuan Coast area landscaping design: the original idea is to design a beautiful park along the coastline. EC-Link will support by selecting EU cities and related experts so to design a coast area with resilience, not only for recreation, but also as a barrier for preventing flood for the city.
Fushan Industrial Park: EC-Link was asked to introduce European cities whose experience could help promote and stimulate the local awareness on the separation of different kinds of solid waste.
Fusan Industrial Water Treatment: EC-Link was asked to select European cities with strong experience in industrial waste management to help Zhuhai’s municipal government to better integrate its water purification plant into local surroundings and to further combine it with other city functions.
Revision of Zhuhai Urban Planning & Technical Standard and Guideline
Under the request of Zhuhai Housing and Urban Planning Development, EC-Link will support with the revision of the Zhuhai Urban Planning & Technical Standard and Guideline, which is the overall guideline for urban planning and city development in Zhuhai.
To this task, EC-Link has selected a specific team of experts coming from the EU cities of Amsterdam and Rotterdam. Under the proposal received from the Zhuhai Municipality, the EU experts will add a chapter to the Zhuhai guideline for sponge city/resilient city, especially focusing on flooding prevention and rain proof. This will not only increase the awareness of Zhuhai’s people, but will also give overall strategy and policy to guide resilient city development.
Meanwhile, Zhuhai and EC-Link agreed to add a second team of European experts coming from Bologna Italy. They will give advice on historical building and neighbourhood for Zhuhai Urban Planning & Technical Standards and Guideline. Indeed, the topic of how to keep history and cultural heritage is increasingly relevant in China now.
Urban Development and Growing International Trade Within the BRI
The growth in international trade and investments around the EU Trans European Network -Transport (TEN-T) policy and the Chinese Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) is leading to increasing transport volumes between China and the EU. Cities are the key nodes in these growing national, regional and intercontinental transport networks and should contribute to and benefit from the increased trade.
However, without proper planning and management, those urban nodes can become blockages in national and international transport flows. Local congestion around hubs and terminals can lead to reduced network efficiency and increased levels of local air pollution.
Chinese cities have an opportunity to plan the development of safe, clean and affordable transportation systems. The impact that such development can bring in terms of economic opportunities, human wellbeing, and climate change are determined by the choices city leaders make today: a sustainable urban/spatial hub development will be part of “resilient cities” with logistic hubs as part of the urban structures.
The proposed Project is designed to bring together Chinese and European Cities (such as Hamburg, Barcelona, Gothenburg) along key trade routes to work together to optimize their leading roles as national, regional and international hubs.
The EU and China together can define a model of rising trade and prosperity combined with healthy cities. To this aim, Europe and China need to work together to maximize the benefits of trade while minimizing potential negative impacts on cities.
Eco-building Exhibition Centre
Qianshan River is known as the mother river of Zhuhai. It has a length of 8 km, and flows southward to the southwestern tip of Macau. It is considered as an important landscape corridor of Zhuhai.
This project is located in the east bank of the river, between Qianshan Bridge and Zhisheng Bridge. Along the east bank of the river, there are 18 buildings of different styles scattered in a poor environment. Re-design and renovation of the buildings are needed to match the overall landscape along Qianshan River. The total floor area of the 18 buildings covers a area of 11,514 square meters. This project mainly focuses on six of them, which cover an area of 11,000 square meters.
The aim is to apply advanced green building technologies, including on energy system, water system, construction material, interior environmental and management, as well as old building re-design and reuse methods from Europe. It is hoped that the project can become a successful show-case of energy-saving renovation of existing buildings.
Lead agency: Xiangzhou District, Zhuhai Municipal Bureau of Housing, Urban-Rural, Planning and Construction
Responsible entity: Zhuhai City Construction Co., Ltd.
- After renovation, existing buildings should reach 2 stars in energy saving at a minimum, becoming a highlight on the banks of Qianshan River.
Qianshan River Basin Management Project
Qianshan River originates from Wugui Mountain in Zhongshan City, flows through Qianshan Town, Nanping Town, Gongbei Port, Wanchai District of Zhuhai City, and finally flows into the South China Sea at Qingzhou bay of Macao. The Qianshan River Basin consists of one river and two streams (namely, Qianshan River, Guangchang S tream, and Hongwan Stream), with a total length of 23.08 km.
The “Qianshan river basin management project” will comprehensively implement the “clearer water” strategy of Qianshan River. It is planned that an investment of 5 billion RMB will be made from 2015 to 2020. Specific areas of work include pollution control at the source, rainwater and flood management and river bank renovation. Zhuhai municipal government formally issued the “Comprehensive Improvement Project Plan for the Qianshan River Basin Environment (2013-2017)”, which proposed that by 2017 the water quality in Zhuhai section of Qianshan River should be improved and restored to reach the standards of class III water body. The goal is to achieve the target of “clean water, green bank and beautiful scenery”.
Lead agency: Marine, Agriculture and Water Affairs Bureau; Environmental Protection Bureau.
Responsible entity: Xiangzhou District, High-tech Zone, Land and Resources Bureau,Transportation Bureau, City Supervision and Administration Bureau, and Highway Bureau of the city, as well as Zhuhai Water Group Co., Ltd. and Zhuhai Transportation Group.
- Landscape improvement, ecological conservation and regional function activation for Qianshan River.
Shangchong Eco-town: TOD and Compact Urban Development
In order to resolve traffic congestion problem and build a comprehensive transport system, Zhuhai has endorsed the Transit-Oriented-Development (TOD) strategy. The plan is to build 28 TOD new towns, among which the “ Shangchong eco-town: TOD and compact urban development” is a first project.
The project covers an area of 80.4 hectares and is located at the hub area connecting downtown and rural area. Currently the focus is on constructing infrastructure such as schools, bus stations and settlement buildings. Commercial, business, SOHO office, and housing functions will be constructed in the future.
Lead agency: Zhuhai Municipal Bureau of Housing, Urban-Rural, Planning and Construction
Responsible entity: Zhuhai Huafa High-tech Construction Co., Ltd.; Zhuhai Xiangzhou District City Construction Co., Ltd.; China Vanke Co., Ltd
Other cooperative entity: Zhuhai Xiangzhou District government
- Promote the TOD model: arrange the mixed commercial and residential functions with high-density around tram stations.
- Build a “4G community” with green buildings, green transportation, green infrastructure, and green behaviour.
Canon Factory Transformation
Canon factory transformation project is located at the intersection of Jiuzhou Avenue and Yingbin South Road, covering an area of 90,091.79 m2 . The factory is easy to access and enjoys a good location. Currently Canon factory has 5 buildings comprised of of 2-3 floor plants and their associated facilities. The total construction area is 66,790.48 m2.
The goal of the project is to create a landmark of urban culture and art center in Zhuhai. As of now, early-stage planning on reconstruction has been completed, which is based on the concept of “embodiment of culture and art, dream factory of design and creativity”.
The project design consists of four clusters:
- A Creativity Centre, which includes projects such as masters’ workshops, training centres and art centres;
- Creativity Workshops that foster and gather large and medium creative enterprises focusing on youths’ original design.
- Creativity Neighbourhood: to exhibit products produced by masters and young artists at home and abroad in small galleries for common tourists.
- Creative Auxiliaries: to build art hotels and lodging houses to serve the workers in the park and tourists.
Lead agency: Municipal HURD.
Responsible entity: Wang Xiaohui Urban Art Institute, Hong Kong Creative Wisdom & Strategy International, Guangzhou Exception Clothes Co.Ltd., Lifestyle Creating – Lifestyle Creating Commercial Consultaation and Management Co., Ltd.
According to the idea of creating a “complex of culture and art and a factory of design and creativity”, the project aims to build a new landmark of urban culture and art in Zhuhai.
Key objectives include:
- Cultivate creative talents and incubate innovatie small and medium sized enterprises through the international masters’ workshop.
- Establish a chain for enterprise growth and creativity using the creativity neighbourhood and online platform.
- Endeavour to have a city wide impact, taking advantage of the strategic location.
Sponge City Demonstration Project in Western District
The Western Ecological New Town is located in the west of Zhuhai City. It is a key part of Zhuhai western ecological new area, which is composed of Western Central Urban Area, Pingsha New Town and Fushan New Town. The Western Ecological New Town covers an area of 415 km2 and has a permanent population of about 500,000. The New Town plans to carry out a number of “low environment impact” projects based on the concept of “sponge city”, including rainwater garden and green municipal administration.
Lead agency: Development & Construction Bureau of Zhuhai Western Urban Area
Responsible entity: relevant departments of Jinwan District, Doumen District and Gaolan Port Area; China Railway Construction Corporation Limited
- Rainwater Garden: optimize runoff coefficient, improve environment self-purification capacity, maintain the ecological balance of water bodies, and provide good practices and knowledge on “low environment impact development”.
- Green Municipal Administration: Rainwater collection and utilization.
- Wetland Park: maintain the ecological self-purification capacity of wetlands and protect biological diversity and provide ecological sightseeing and science education.
Beishan Village Renovation Project
Beishan is a historic village in Guangdong Province, with a long history and rich cultural heritage. It aims to become a centre of art, culture, music, ancient architecture and cuisine at the same time, allowing good quality life for its residents.
However, a lot of houses in Beishan Village have been vacant for a long time in poor condition. There are also some new buildings whose style is not in harmony with the traditional style. Some of the illegal private buildings also compromise the integrity of the historical and cultural conservation area.
Therefore, it is urgent to introduce the renovation measures and redevelopment technologies in relevant European cities. The goal is to preserve traditional architectural style, to integrate new buildings into the historic setting and to prevent the loss of social and cultural assets.
Lead agency: Xiang Zhou District, Bureau of Housing and Urban-Rural Development of Zhuhai, Local regeneration bureau
Responsible entity: Zhuhai Huafa Cultural Industry Investment Shareholding Co., Ltd
- Improve infrastructure in core areas in a planned and coordinated manner.
- Promote cultural industries in Beishan Village while ensuring adequate protection and smart resource utilization.
Nanwan Tramline Demonstration Project
The urban area of Nanwan covers an area of 80km2, including a core area of 17km2. This project aims to increase the rate of public transportation use and reduce carbon emissions. To that end, the project will learn from effective EU transport planning policies.
The project will establish an “emerald green chain”, with inter-city rail and tram lines connecting main urban areas. A bike rental system and shuttle buses will be made available between the railway stations and residential communities. In addition, a hiking trail and sightseeing boat routes are planned along the mountainous and water-surrounded natural environment, with a view to connecting sightseeing destinations.
Lead agency: Zhuhai Municipal Bureau of Transport; Zhuhai Municipal Bureau of Housing, Urban-Rural, Planning and Construction;
Responsible entity: relevant construction agencies;
Other cooperative entity: N/A (to be selected through tender)
- The project aims to build an integrated multi-layer green transportation system, with metro and tram network as the backbone, supported by a green path along the island, hiking trails, and water buses. The inter-city railway and tram line will connect the main districts of the area. The public rental bike and shuttle bus system will connect the metro hubs and residential neighborhood. Built upon the beautiful mountainous and water-surrounded natural environment, hiking trails and water buses will connect the city parks and the other landscape nodes in this area.