Liuzhou is a prefecture-level city in north-central Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, in China. In recent years, Liuzhou became an important railway hub. Moreover, its new industrial development is focusing on strategic emerging industries such as new material, new energy auto, energy-saving and environmental protection, advanced equipment manufacturing, biology and pharmaceuticals.
Liuzhou City Promotes Traffic Capacity for Rural Vitalization
Recently, it is learned from the Work Promotion Teleconference of the Three-year Action Plan for Improving Transportation Infrastructure Capacity in Rural Areas of Liuzhou held by the Liuzhou Municipal People's Government that at present, the expressway projects in Liuzhou City, the second (or third) level highway projects in every village and the road hardening projects in more than 20 natural villages are progressing smoothly. Through the "Three-year Action Plan", the longitudinal and latitudinal lines of the traffic network were made for improving transportation infrastructure in rural areas.
It is reported that from January to October this year, Liuzhou completed a total investment of 2.66 billion yuan in expressway projects, accounting for 84.8% of the annual task. At present, the expressway mileage in Liuzhou is 495 kilometers, and the expressway mileage in Liuzhou will reach 700 kilometers after the completion of the "Three-year Action Plan" project.
Liuzhou Promotes City-Industry Integration to Create New Development Model
Since the 18th CPC National Congress, Liuzhou has accelerated the pace of new-type urbanization construction, and has taken a road of new-type urbanization construction with local characteristics -- city-industry integration.
In particular, Liuzhou City constantly strengthens the infrastructure construction of the parks, and allocates special funds to support the infrastructure construction of the parks every year. By the end of October 2018, the industrial output value of the parks in the whole city was 217.24 billion yuan, and the total economic output of the parks accounted for 54.4% of that in the city. Liudong New District became the first development zone with the output value exceeding 100 billion yuan in Guangxi, and Hexi Industrial Park became the eighth autonomous-regional-level high-tech industrial development zone in Guangxi. The parks consisted of industries, and then led to the rise of new urban areas, brought about the upgrading of various kinds of infrastructure, promoted the integration of urban comprehensive service functions for the development of industry, and formed a good mechanism of promoting the city by the industry.
EC-Link Pilot Cities Selected
Beijing, 9 March: The Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development (MoHURD) announced a list of pilot cities of the EC-Link project today, including: Zhuhai, Luoyang, Changzhou, Hefei, Qingdao, Weihai, Zhuzhou, Liuzhou, Guilin and Xixian.
With the support of EC-Link, pilot cities will develop projects in the fields of compact urban development, clean energy, green building, green transport, solid waste management, water management, municipal financing, urban regeneration and green industry. Through learning urbanization experience from Europe, the pilot cities will serve as models for China’s low-carbon ecological development.
China is experiencing rapid urbanization. Over the past 30 years, Chinese cities have achieved extraordinary economic growth. In 2014, the urbanization rate reached 54.77%, which greatly improved people’s living standard. However, rapid urbanization also brought huge pressure to energy supply, natural resources and the environment. China hence faces huge challenges in environment protection, energy efficiency and industrial transformation. It is therefore of high importance to explore a green, low-carbon and ecological development path.
In that connection, the EC-Link project will make a significant contribution to promoting a Xiaokang society, China’s new urbanization planning, energy saving and climate adaptation, as well as EU-China urbanization partnership. Today, Europe’s urbanization rate has reached 75%. Over the past 150 years, European countries experienced similar challenges: the great smog of 1952 in London killed over 5000 lives in a short span of one week; the air pollution in Ruhr made blue sky a distant dream for citizens…However, the blue sky and fresh air in Europe make it hard to imagine the polluted days in the past, which was only made possible through generations’ remarkable efforts. In this process, Europe has accumulated valuable experience and developed advanced technologies in the fields of urban planning, green transportation, green building, renewable energy and water management. Many European cities have become eco-city models such as Freiburg in Germany, Copenhagen in Demark and Malmo in Sweden.
EC-Link will bring in European experience, implement best practices in pilot projects, build a knowledge and policy sharing platform, improve city financing and PPP mechanisms and provide more opportunities for practical cooperation between China and Europe and technology transfer.
The project platform will be service-oriented, with the aim to provide comprehensive consultancy for low-carbon eco-city development, solutions and technical guidance. The project encourages and assists pilot cities to explore innovative financing mechanisms. The aim is to provide innovative financing experience for China’s new urbanization process.
The project has received high-level government endorsement in both Europe and China as a part of the EU-China Partnership on Urbanization, a broad political initiative promoting the development of adequate solutions for sustainable urban development. The technical assistance provided by EC-Link assists the Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development in shaping a national ecological and low-carbon framework, and helps Chinese municipalities with their own ecological, low-carbon urban development
Guidelines on Investment & Financing for Green Buildings
Green building investment and financing refers to the investment and financing behavior in the field of green building.
The green funding gap for green building construction in China is still large. To fill it, statistics predict that CNY 3 to 4 trillion worth of yearly investments are needed for the whole period of the 13th Five-Year Plan (2016-2020). According to prediction, of the total needed investment, only the 10% to 15% can come from the government, the rest is made of social capital. Therefore, it is necessary to effectively mobilize private capitals into the field of green building.
In the top-level design of green finance in China, there is a lack of docking schemes for green buildings, albeit efforts have been made in this regard. In August 2016, seven ministries and commissions, including the People's Bank of China, jointly issued the “Guidelines on Building a Green Financial System”, a blueprint for China's green financial development plan. However, they did not clearly point out the specific financing, financing methods and implementation methods of green finance for green buildings.
In summary, China's green building investment and financing sector urgently needs to set clear guidelines to ensure the green development of China's urban and rural construction to achieve the overall development goals of 2050.
The guideline aims to consider all the aspects of the green building financing, from the technical side (use of green technology and energy-saving effects) to the potential benefits and capital risks connected with the investments.
The objective is to embed ecological and environmental considerations (from financial to social externalizations) in the decision making process of the operators from the construction sectors.
Urban Development and Growing International Trade Within the BRI
The growth in international trade and investments around the EU Trans European Network -Transport (TEN-T) policy and the Chinese Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) is leading to increasing transport volumes between China and the EU. Cities are the key nodes in these growing national, regional and intercontinental transport networks and should contribute to and benefit from the increased trade.
However, without proper planning and management, those urban nodes can become blockages in national and international transport flows. Local congestion around hubs and terminals can lead to reduced network efficiency and increased levels of local air pollution.
Chinese cities have an opportunity to plan the development of safe, clean and affordable transportation systems. The impact that such development can bring in terms of economic opportunities, human wellbeing, and climate change are determined by the choices city leaders make today: a sustainable urban/spatial hub development will be part of “resilient cities” with logistic hubs as part of the urban structures.
The proposed Project is designed to bring together Chinese and European Cities (such as Hamburg, Barcelona, Gothenburg) along key trade routes to work together to optimize their leading roles as national, regional and international hubs.
The EU and China together can define a model of rising trade and prosperity combined with healthy cities. To this aim, Europe and China need to work together to maximize the benefits of trade while minimizing potential negative impacts on cities.
Bus Rapid Transit Extensions
The project aims to build a comprehensive Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) system in Liuzhou. BRT Line 1 (Liudong New District-Guiliu Road-South Railway Station) is already in operation and 115 buses have been bought. Another 50 buses will be bought. The goal is expand system service areas and improve the BRT service.
However, technology and planning support is needed to solve the problem of low operation speed and high BRT investment. After solving the problems, the construction of BRT 2 and 3 will commence.
- Optimize the BRT system and its management to make transport convenient for citizens through learning from relevant European experience