Guilin is a prefecture-level city in the northeast of China's Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region. Although tourism dominates the list of Guilin’s strategic industries, generating almost 30% of its revenue, the city has also strong industrial capabilities in several other sectors, such as: equipment manufacturing, automotive, electronics and IT, pharmaceutical and medical instruments. The city’s economic development zones have been highly successful in attracting productive businesses: there are over 1,000 enterprises operating in the Guilin High and New-tech Industrial Development Zone.
Guilin Accelerates the Construction of a Modern Urban Public Traffic System
Guilin will accelerate the creation of a modern urban public traffic system with the Guilin features of a “Comprehensive Connection, Green Mobility, Smart Travel, and Charming Public Traffic System”, to provide a safer, more convenient and comfortable traffic service for citizens and tourists.
The city will focus on accelerating the construction of an urban public traffic service system that is with the Transit Metropolis as a benchmark. It will speed up the construction of an urban public traffic service model with the characteristics of Green Mobility. And it will accelerate the construction of an urban public traffic service guarantee system with safety and stability as the bottom line. It will accelerate the establishment of urban public traffic management system based on technical means. Such important plan will require the supports of many departments and agencies involved in the urban public transport sector, to enable the people to share the results of transport reform and feel a sense of gain.
Guilin Vigorously Promotes the Construction of New Energy Vehicle Charging Points
In recent years, Guilin has successively implemented a number of low-carbon demonstration projects, mainly focusing on accelerating the construction of low-carbon transportation, and actively promoting the style of low-carbon living and green consumption. The charging capacity has increased year by year. According to the statistics of Guilin Power Supply Bureau, in 2016, the city’s power charged was 9305 kWh; in 2017, it was 156,000 kWh; in 2018, it reached 4.635 million kWh. In the past three years, the charging capacity of new energy vehicles has increased by 498 times.
In order to implement the national strategy of developing the new energy vehicle industry and fulfill the overall requirements for the promotion and application of new energy vehicles in Guangxi, in the next step, the Guilin Power Supply Bureau, which belongs to Guangxi Subsidiary of Southern Power Grid, will actively cooperate with the municipal party committee and the municipal government to attach great importance to ecological construction and environmental protection, and increase efforts to vigorously carry out the construction of new energy vehicle charging posts, so to provide a strong power guarantee for the construction of a clean, efficient, low-carbon and environmentally-friendly green urban transportation system.
The 8th Exhibition of New Product and New Technology of Energy Saving and Emission Reduction Was Held in Guilin - New Energy Vehicles Are Highly Sought After by the Public
The 8th Exhibition of New Product and New Technology of Energy Saving and Emission Reduction in 2018 (New Energy Vehicle) and the 3rd Green Low-Carbon Industry Expo opened at the Guilin International Convention and Exhibition Center. The concept of low-carbon life and green travel has affected people’s behavior of car buying. New energy vehicles have attracted public attention at the exhibition.
The theme of this exhibition is “Energy Saving and Protecting Blue Sky”. The three-day exhibition has showcased new energy vehicles and new products and technologies for energy saving and emission reduction. There are four exhibition areas, namely, the new energy vehicle exhibition area, the energy-saving low-carbon exhibition area, the green building exhibition area and the green agriculture exhibition area.
In the next step, Guilin will take the ride of this activity to effectively promote green development, advocate a simple, green and low-carbon lifestyle, and carry out actions such as creating conservation-oriented governmental institutions, green families, green schools and green communities and facilitating green travel. It will formulate action plans, to enhance the role of energy conservation and resource conservation in accelerating the reform of ecological civilization system, building beautiful Guangxi and Guilin, showing Guilin afresh new face to the outside world and achieving results of the new actions. It will rationally adjust industrial structure, intensify elimination of backward production capacity, and continue to accelerate upgrading and transformation of the tradition industries, vigorously develop strategic emerging industries, accelerate the development of low-carbon service industries; stably promote energy conservation and consumption reduction, and develop low-carbon urban areas, low-carbon parks and low-carbon communities.
Power Generation Started at the Shankou Domestic Waste Incineration Power Generation Project in Guilin City - Realizing the Treatment of Domestic Wastes in a Manner of “Garbage Great Reduction, Utilization and Harmlessness”
On the morning of December 20th, the Guilin City’s Shankou Domestic Waste Incineration Power Generation Project was officially ignited after three years of construction. The project will not only undertake the task of harmless treatment of domestic garbage in the city, but also produce green energy for daily life use of the citizens, which marks the realization of treatment of domestic garbage in the manner of “garbage great reduction, utilization and harmlessness” in the city.
Shankou Project is located in Shankou Village, Lingui Town, Lingui District. It covers an area of about 147 mu and is invested and operated by Shenzhen Energy Environmental Protection Co., Ltd., with a chartered period of 30 years. The first phase of the project will design and build 2 sets of mechanical grate furnaces with a daily processing capacity of 750 tons. The furnaces are working with the medium-temperature medium-pressure waste heat boiler system, one 35MW (MW) steam turbine generator set, flue/gas purification system, slag collection and storage system, and fly ash collection and stabilization system, sewage treatment system, circulating cooling system, and other equipment. It uses the process of “waste full-burning + fly ash stabilization + residual landfill”, and uses the waste heat from waste incineration to generate electricity. The project has been implemented since December 2015. After more than three years of hard work, it has built a modern domestic waste incineration and power generation plant that is superior to the national standard and even the EU environmental protection technology standards.
According to the relevant person in charge of the project, after the project is put into production, it can annually treat 547,500 tons of domestic garbage, generate 210 million kWh which can be used by the project itself, or sold 180 million kWh to the grid. Equivalently, it can annually save 66,000 tons of standard coal and reduce carbon dioxide emissions by 220,000 tons. At the same time, it can also reduce waster weight by about 80%, or in other words, reduce waste volume by more than 90%, effectively alleviating the problem of garbage disposal in the built-up area of the city and saving land resources. With the first phase of the project being put into operation, the second phase of the project is about to start that will expand the scope to achieve solid waste incineration full coverage, and fundamentally solve the problem of urban and rural domestic garbage pollution.
Europe-China Initiative Marks World Environment Day with Green Building Workshop
A green building workshop was held by the Europe-China Eco Cities Link project (EC Link) in cooperation with southern China’s Guilin City in southern China’s Guangxi province from the 28th to the 29th of May to mark World Environment Day which falls on June 5th.
The event was designed to tailor a strategy according to the specific needs of Guilin city, one of EC Link’s pilot cities. Guilin's climate is used as a microcosm for the project as nearly 20 percent of China has similar conditions, making up one-third of its population. Guilin city wants to become a leader in green building technology and has been developing multiple projects in order to introduce in China more cost effective solutions.
This initiative reflects EC Link’s continuous efforts to build an EU-CHINA platform on low carbon and ecological city development. The major objective of the meeting is to identify common interests and cooperative opportunities between Chinese cities and their European counterparts in the green building development.
EC-Link Project invited to Guilin foreign experts bringing best European experience within the Green Building sector; attending to the meeting were more than 300 officials, professionals, experts and entrepreneurs from China and European countries, including the vice mayor of Guilin Municipality, chief engineer of Guangxi Provincial HURD, representatives from other pilot cities include Weihai, Changzhou, Qingdao, Zhuzhou, Xixian New Area, Hefei and Liuzhou.
As a result of two days technical discussions, policies, technologies, market mechanisms and good local practices will enter into a key research report on green buildings in sub-tropical climate zones; beside introducing latest technology solutions, the report will also address implementation, monitoring and management strategies.
This fruitful discussion will be continued within multiple pilot projects and manifold experiences are going to be introduced into other parts of the country with similar climate conditions. Both European and Chinese sides agree to put more project resources to help pilot cities learn from European cities’ noteworthy green building technologies, know-how and good practices and evolve more effective green building development strategies to fit their specific climate features.
EC-Link Project and Guilin Municipality will continue their dialogue in order to strengthen their on-going collaboration in order to support the sustainable urban development of the Municipality.
The EC-Link project is a key component of the EU-China Partnership on Sustainable Urbanization, which was signed by the Chinese government and European Commission in May 2012. The initiative was launched in November 2013 with the aim of assisting Chinese cities in implementing energy and resource-efficient measures by sharing experiences in sustainable urbanization with cities in Europe.
EC-LINK Team Visited City of Guilin for Strengthening the CooperationEC-LINK Team Visited City of Guilin for Strengthening the Cooperation
On 4th of August, EC-LINK team met with Guilin Housing and Urban-Rural Development (HURD). And this is the second trip during this week. The mission was organized to strengthen the dialogue with one of EC-LINK 10 pilot cities-Guilin, discuss about ongoing Project’s future activities (in particular about Hefei Inter City Lab), cooperation activities between Guilin and possible European cities and have a better understanding of ongoing projects in Guilin.
During the mission, Mr. Chen Qing, Chief Engineer of Guilin HURD and Deputy director of the administrative committee of Lingui New District summarized the cooperation with EC-LINK project in the past, and will fully support the City Network Unit(CNU)green building training held in Guilin. The meeting have convened the various departments (Development and Reform Commission, Urban Management Committee, Water Conservancy Bureau, Huaneng Company, City Planning Institute), to discuss the possible problems in work and to seek some possible project cooperation with EC-Link. EC Link Team assured that the Project will provide constant support to Guilin city in terms of projects development and for the selection of European partners ready to support Guilin’s urban sustainable development.
EC-Link Pilot Cities Selected
Beijing, 9 March: The Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development (MoHURD) announced a list of pilot cities of the EC-Link project today, including: Zhuhai, Luoyang, Changzhou, Hefei, Qingdao, Weihai, Zhuzhou, Liuzhou, Guilin and Xixian.
With the support of EC-Link, pilot cities will develop projects in the fields of compact urban development, clean energy, green building, green transport, solid waste management, water management, municipal financing, urban regeneration and green industry. Through learning urbanization experience from Europe, the pilot cities will serve as models for China’s low-carbon ecological development.
China is experiencing rapid urbanization. Over the past 30 years, Chinese cities have achieved extraordinary economic growth. In 2014, the urbanization rate reached 54.77%, which greatly improved people’s living standard. However, rapid urbanization also brought huge pressure to energy supply, natural resources and the environment. China hence faces huge challenges in environment protection, energy efficiency and industrial transformation. It is therefore of high importance to explore a green, low-carbon and ecological development path.
In that connection, the EC-Link project will make a significant contribution to promoting a Xiaokang society, China’s new urbanization planning, energy saving and climate adaptation, as well as EU-China urbanization partnership. Today, Europe’s urbanization rate has reached 75%. Over the past 150 years, European countries experienced similar challenges: the great smog of 1952 in London killed over 5000 lives in a short span of one week; the air pollution in Ruhr made blue sky a distant dream for citizens…However, the blue sky and fresh air in Europe make it hard to imagine the polluted days in the past, which was only made possible through generations’ remarkable efforts. In this process, Europe has accumulated valuable experience and developed advanced technologies in the fields of urban planning, green transportation, green building, renewable energy and water management. Many European cities have become eco-city models such as Freiburg in Germany, Copenhagen in Demark and Malmo in Sweden.
EC-Link will bring in European experience, implement best practices in pilot projects, build a knowledge and policy sharing platform, improve city financing and PPP mechanisms and provide more opportunities for practical cooperation between China and Europe and technology transfer.
The project platform will be service-oriented, with the aim to provide comprehensive consultancy for low-carbon eco-city development, solutions and technical guidance. The project encourages and assists pilot cities to explore innovative financing mechanisms. The aim is to provide innovative financing experience for China’s new urbanization process.
The project has received high-level government endorsement in both Europe and China as a part of the EU-China Partnership on Urbanization, a broad political initiative promoting the development of adequate solutions for sustainable urban development. The technical assistance provided by EC-Link assists the Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development in shaping a national ecological and low-carbon framework, and helps Chinese municipalities with their own ecological, low-carbon urban development
Guidelines on Investment & Financing for Green Buildings
Green building investment and financing refers to the investment and financing behavior in the field of green building.
The green funding gap for green building construction in China is still large. To fill it, statistics predict that CNY 3 to 4 trillion worth of yearly investments are needed for the whole period of the 13th Five-Year Plan (2016-2020). According to prediction, of the total needed investment, only the 10% to 15% can come from the government, the rest is made of social capital. Therefore, it is necessary to effectively mobilize private capitals into the field of green building.
In the top-level design of green finance in China, there is a lack of docking schemes for green buildings, albeit efforts have been made in this regard. In August 2016, seven ministries and commissions, including the People's Bank of China, jointly issued the “Guidelines on Building a Green Financial System”, a blueprint for China's green financial development plan. However, they did not clearly point out the specific financing, financing methods and implementation methods of green finance for green buildings.
In summary, China's green building investment and financing sector urgently needs to set clear guidelines to ensure the green development of China's urban and rural construction to achieve the overall development goals of 2050.
The guideline aims to consider all the aspects of the green building financing, from the technical side (use of green technology and energy-saving effects) to the potential benefits and capital risks connected with the investments.
The objective is to embed ecological and environmental considerations (from financial to social externalizations) in the decision making process of the operators from the construction sectors.
Research Paper On Green Building in Guilin
Th EC-Link Project organized a set of green building trainings selecting a team of expert from the EU and China, receiving full appreciation from the Municipal Governments of Guilin.
Following up on the trainings, under the coordination of the EC-Link Project, the EU and Chinese experts (coming from the University of Stuttgart, in Germany, and the Southwest Architectural Design and Research Institute, in China) agreed to develop a research paper setting the guidelines for the development of sustainable building in special climates (winter cold and summer hot), with a focus on Guilin.
If on the one side the research paper will identify the steps towards the design and construction of energy–efficient buildings, it will also foster a change in people’s behaviour with regards to sustainability and help introduce specific techniques and solution for Guilin.
Urban Development and Growing International Trade Within the BRI
The growth in international trade and investments around the EU Trans European Network -Transport (TEN-T) policy and the Chinese Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) is leading to increasing transport volumes between China and the EU. Cities are the key nodes in these growing national, regional and intercontinental transport networks and should contribute to and benefit from the increased trade.
However, without proper planning and management, those urban nodes can become blockages in national and international transport flows. Local congestion around hubs and terminals can lead to reduced network efficiency and increased levels of local air pollution.
Chinese cities have an opportunity to plan the development of safe, clean and affordable transportation systems. The impact that such development can bring in terms of economic opportunities, human wellbeing, and climate change are determined by the choices city leaders make today: a sustainable urban/spatial hub development will be part of “resilient cities” with logistic hubs as part of the urban structures.
The proposed Project is designed to bring together Chinese and European Cities (such as Hamburg, Barcelona, Gothenburg) along key trade routes to work together to optimize their leading roles as national, regional and international hubs.
The EU and China together can define a model of rising trade and prosperity combined with healthy cities. To this aim, Europe and China need to work together to maximize the benefits of trade while minimizing potential negative impacts on cities.